Favorite thing: At the bottom of the "Cotton Castle " on the edge of the road, is a nice pond, with some Ducks. Its in Town, to the left of the Entrance. Its a nice spot to get a good reflection photo of the Terraces, and yourself sitting in the front. There is a seat there for you to sit on.
Pamukkale means "cotton castle" in Turkish. It is a natural site and attraction in south-western Turkey. The ancient city of Hierapolis was built on top of the white "castle" which is in total about 2700 meters long and 160m high.
The tectonic movements that took place in the fault depression of the Menderes river basin triggered frequent earthquakes, and gave rise to the emergence of a number of very hot springs. The water from one of these springs, with its large mineral content - chalk in particular - created Pamukkale.
Today Pamukkale is a famous tourist attraction. It is recognized as a World Heritage Sites together with Hierapolis.
Hierapolis was first excavated by the German archaeologist Carl Humann (1839-1896) during the months June to July 1887. His excavation notes were published in his book "Altertümer von Hierapolis" in 1889. His excavations were rather general and included a number of drilling holes. He would gain fame for his discovery in Pergamon of the Pergamon Altar.
Excavations began in earnest in 1957 when Italian scientists, led by Paolo Verzone, began working on the site. These studies still continue. A restoration of the site has begun. For example, large columns along the main street near the gate named after Domitian, which were toppled by the earthquakes, were erected again. They also unearthed a number of houses from the Byzantine period, including an eleventh century courtyard house.
Many statues and friezes were transported to museums in London, Berlin and Rome.
Hierapolis means in Greek: 'holy city'. It was the ancient city on top of the famous Pamukkale hot springs. Now Hierapolis is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
It's called Hierapolis because of its Mother goddess Cult.
Information about Hierapolis is limited. There are only a few historical facts known about the origin of the city. It is known that the king of Pergamum, Eumenes II, founded the city in 190 BC. It was named Hierapolis after the Amazon's Queen Hiera, the wife of Telephos, the founder of Pergamum. (Pergamum is also called Pergamon or Pergamos).
Hierapolis was completely destroyed by the earthquake in 60 A.D. during the time of Roman Emperor Nero. During the reconstruction after the earthquake, the city lost its Hellenistic Style and became a typical Roman City. Right after the Roman period started, Hierapolis became an important center because of its commercial and religious position. In 80 A.D. St. Philip came to Hierapolis and was murdered by the Jewish inhabitants.
Hierapolis was conquered by the Turks at the end of the 12th century A.D.
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Pamukkale, meaning "cotton castle" in Turkish, is a natural site and attraction in south-western Turkey in the Denizli Province. The ancient city of Hierapolis was built on top of the white "castle" which is in total about 2700 meters long and 160m high. It can be seen from a great distance, eg. when driving down the hills on the opposite side of the valley to the town of Denizli, which is 20 km away. Pamukkale is located in Turkey's Inner Aegean region, in the Maeander River valley, which enjoys a temperate climate over the greater part of the year.
The tectonic movements that took place in the fault depression of the Menderes river basin did not only cause frequent earthquakes, but also gave rise to the emergence of a number of very hot springs, and it is the water from one of these springs, with its large mineral content, chalk in particular. Apart of some radioactive material, the water contains large amounts of hydrogen carbonate and calcium, which leads to the precipitation of calcium carbonate. The effect of this natural phenomenon leaves thick white layers of limestone and travertine cascading down the mountain slope, making the area look like a fortress of cotton or a frozen waterfall.
Pamukkale is a very famous tourist attraction of Turkey
Fondest memory: Here, in a landscape fascinating in its own right, the action of various mineral springs which contain calcium oxides has left fantastic concretions on the travertine structures. The resulting effect is spectacular: these mineral-rich waters have dripped down over a series of terraced levels designing bizarre solidified cascades, dazzling in their radiance and changing their color according to how the sunlight strikes them.
Favorite thing: The ruins of Hierapolis are the other main attraction. The city was founded in 190 B.C. by Eumenes II, king of Pergamon. In the 2nd and 3rd centuries, it reached the height of its development as a Roman thermal bath center.
Favorite thing: Pamukkale is located in the Inner Aegean region at a distance of 20 km from the town of Denizli. This lovely, rapidly developing district in the Menderes valley, which enjoys a temperate climate over the greater part of the year, has all the conditions required for an ideal touristic resort.
When you enter the basins you are informed that you should take off your shoes.
This is not only the best way to experience these unique sensations, but it also for protection reasons.
Unfortunately I've seen during my both visits there many persons walking with the shoes on which obviously didn't understood we are very lucky to enjoy this wonder but it's also our responsibility to protected it.
Once you enter the site you are tempted to wander around by your own, but it's better to have at least a map of Hierapolis in order to be sure that you'll not miss the important parts.
In any case there is a board with a map located near the western entrace which helps you identify better the ancient buildings.
I'm sorry to say that I don't remember the name of the hotel we stayed at in Pamukkale. It was a small and very charming hotel, just a short busride from Pamukkale.
The hotel had four different pools, that all was supplied from the natural thermal water. In the first and highest pool the water was 50 degrees! The staff told us to take care and don't swim to much in that pool, because the blood could be so overheated that it would start boiling! I don't know if it was actually true, but they didn't really have to worry. The water was so warm that it was more than enough just to put one finger inside. I never say anyone try to go inside there.
The next pool was a bit lower and the water from the first ran into this one. Here it was about 40 degrees, but I didn't stay too many minutes inside of there... A bit lower than this one was the next, and biggest, pool. The water continued it's way down here, and the temperature was about 30 degrees. It was great to lie in this pool and watch the sunset!
In the lowest and last pool the temperature was about 20 degrees, but it felt much colder when you came from the other pools. But it was great to go a bit back and forth between the 20, 30 and 40 degrees pools. They also said it was good for the bloodsirculation. And the best of all is that the thermal water contains plenty of minerals that are good for the skin, and also for asthma, rheumatism, and other illnesses.
Some even say swimming in this water will make you look ten years younger, but I have still not seen the effects of that... ;)
may be not for me but definatly for my partner and all the men around at the time. we were coming out of the Cleopatra's pool and the most beautiful girl in the world walked past, even my jaw dropped!!!! she was stunning beyond belief. My partner thought he had died and had gone to heaven...... the coach driver, the coach drivers mate, and all males in the vacinity looked as if they had just seen an angel, my partner needed to be pinched to let him know it was for real!! Fond memories for him especially!!!!!!!!!!!
Fondest memory: Just wished we had our camera because I dint think we could ever see someone so perfect looking again. ( bet she had an awful personality.................just joking )lol
Favorite thing: Pamukkale means Cotton Castle. Calcium oxide-rich warm water is flowing down the southern slope. Several terraced basins invite visitors to lie in them. It is said the water has therapeutic powers.
Hierapolis, located 20 kms away from Pamukkale, was founded in 190 B.C. by Eumenes II, king of Pergamon, and it was a Roman thermal bath center during the 2nd and 3rd centuries.
Now you still can see a lot standing. More info at: http://www.bodrumpages.com/English/Hierapolis.html
Fondest memory: Near the ruins you can visit the THERMAL HOT SPRINGS. This is a gorgeous natural swimming pool with roman columns and ruins at the bottom.
It's inside a modern motel now, but you can use the swimming pool. You can even rent a room per hours if you wanna rest a while after the bath and take a shower.
The white pools of Pamukkale give its name to the place (Cotton Palace in turk).
The site is made up of mineral forests, petrified waterfalls and a series of terraced basins (10-20 centimetres deep) in which you can lie under the sun, as the water falls on you from the waterfall.
Fondest memory: More info at http://www.bodrumpages.com/English/pamukkale.html
Pamukkale is one of the most extraordinary natural wonders in Turkey.
It's a city were water with limestone flows out from the source and it made stalagmite. It looks like big cover made from cotton lay on the mountain. The water is about 37 C degrees and has medicinal propriety if you stay in it few hours.