Diyarbakir is the cultural capital of the Kurds of Turkey... or maybe, all the Kurds in general
this city was part of the Assyrians (christians), after of it, Kurds got it... but, now it belongs to Turkey
this mosque don´t look like a Ottoman mosque... it looks mor elike a Syrian mosque... it was a Syrian orthodox church in the past, and converted in a mosque during the islamization of these places
This is the oldest mosque in Diyarbakir. It was constructed with the stones from the demolished Orthodox Cathedral. The interior is somewhat different in style than most mosques (similar to the Ula Camii in Mardin). Beware of Ahmed. He will want to take you to his uncle's carpet shop.
One of the oldest functioning churches in the world--from 397 AD or so. Have good directions first. The church compound is hidden behind a wall, with only a nameplate for identification. There are 3 families of Suriani Orthodox Christians remaining in the city. We arrived late in the day (6 PM or so) and were consequently able to stay for part of their Vespers service--in Aramaic, no less. The single icon in the church is of St. Ephraim.
At night the walls are lighted up and they look very beautiful and impressive.
During the evening families and old and young people are visiting the parks by the wall. It's a nice place to go for a
If you walk south from the Mardin Gate and pass Gazi Köskü you will after another km come to the bridge On Gözlu Köprüsü (Ten-Eyed Bridge). It is a bridge from the 11th century crossing the Tigris.
I did not walk that far but only saw it from the road to Gazi Köskü - I had walked enough for a while.
Another beautiful old Diyarbakir house is Esma Ocak Evi. The house is striped in white and dark grey. In the rooms around the courtyard there is less to see than at Cahit Sitki Taranci Museum, but it is still worth a visit and has got a beautiful architecture.
The house is just off Yenicapi Caddesi and is easy to pass, as there are no signs. When I came there the caretaker was showing a small group around and I walked around on my own. There is no entrance fee, but the caretaker expects a tip. I gave 2 000 000 TL, as that is the price for foreigners at many museums in Turkish towns. The caretaker did not think that was enough.
The poet Cahit Sitki Taranci was born (1910) in an old Diyarbakir house from 1820. As many of the old Diyarbakir houses from the Ottoman period it is made of black basalt. The house was divided into men's quarters and women's quarters, into summer- and winter quarters. The house is built around a very nice courtyard. In the museum there is an exhibition of the poets life and work.
The wall going round Diyarbakir is impressive. It is almost 6 km long (only the chines wall is longer and bigger) and it is built of black basalt. The present wall is from early Byzantine time but was improved by the Seljucs.
The river Tigri borders Diyarbakir and it is of vital importance for the city and for the whole region.
In contrast with the surrounding semi-desertic landscapes, the gardens along the river are very green and lush.
The watermelons that are grown here reach 40 kg of weight and are famous through the whole country
The massive medieval walls encircling the city are the top attraction of Diyarbakir.
They are made of black basalt and are very well preseved. Though the original walls had been probably built by the Romans, the actual ones date back to the early Byzantine period.
Because of their length (5.5 kms) and good preservation, the Diyarbakir city walls are credited to be second in the world, just after the Chinese Great Wall.
this mosque is built around a yard,as in syria and arab countries,(same plan as omeyyades mosque in damas),unlike turkish mosques,covered with a dome...
was,in fact,the ancient syrian cathedral st tomas ,becoming mosque after islamic conquest.it's the reason why we find a lot of corinthian columns.
PLACES TO VISIT
These Diyarbakýr ramparts famous for being the longest second rampart after the great wall of China, are 5.5 km long and 7 - 8 m high.
Ramparts composed of 16 castles and 5 main gates are the most attractive places of the city. Magnificent sample of mediaeval military architecture, these ramparts were decorated with inscriptions and embossments.
Ramparts restored by Byzantine Emperor Costantinus in 349 B.C. But the exact date of their construction is not knowned.
On Elazýð highway, 65 km north west of Diyarbakýr, in Ergani county, Çayönü antique city is dating back to the Neolithic Age that is its long history reaches back to 9000 years ago. It is estimated that this place of settlement is one of the first permanent settlement places. Findings that have been brought into light around the primitive settlement place of Çayönü, grind stones, flint stones, various items made from bone and clay are exhibited at Diyarbakýr Archeology Museum.
It is near the Silvan county on
the Batman brook. Among the stone ramparts in the world, it is the one with the widest arch.
Mosques and Churches
Magnificent with their historical and
architectural properties, Nebi Mosque and Safa Mosque are the most famous mosques of Diyarbakýr. Ulu Mosque built by Sultaný Melik Shah of Seljuks, displays an interesting outlook with its original design and usage of either Byzantine or older architectural materials and is one of the oldest mosques of Turkey.
77 km east to Diyarbakýr, in Silvan county and built in 1185 Ulu Mosque is worth seeing with its well - bred embossments decorated on gate arches.
Diyarbakýr Mosques and Churches
Among the most important churches of
Diyarbakýr, Mart Thoma, Meryem Ana (the Virgin Mary Church), Kýrklar Church and Mart Pityon Church can be mentioned. Meryem Ana Church (the Virgin Mary Church), still been used by a few Süryani (Christian) community in the city.
This ancient tomb was errected by Antiochos and he himself was buried here as close as possible to the gods
Click on the pic to compare the dimensions of these statues - on the right of the pic, you will see a person standing - and you will see, that these stone-heads are more than 4 meters high