DISTRICTS OF ISTANBUL-EYUP
Favorite thing: It will not be wrong to say that Eyüp is the most important and special place among the districts of Istanbul. The history of Eyüp based on very ancient time and has vital importance. If we consider the name of county, we can see it came from ancient time too so we should talk about history.
Eyüp was located outside the walls of the province covering the area in the Byzantine Era, but there was a village. The reason of that, there were two rivers and large amounts of clean water was supplied from these rivers. During this period, there was a church located in the village. This church was used as a cemetery for a while. A person whose name was Zaid bin Khalid from the Prophet had been attended the conquest of Istanbul and killed during the conquest. The person was known as Eyüp Sultan and the grave of Eyüp Sultan was buried in here and gave the name to the region. The grave is located in Eyüp Sultan Mosque. From this time, the region has been called as Eyüp. Tourists visit the county certain times of the every year.
Istanbul had been growing unplanned in 17th and 18th centuries. In these centuries, Turkish communities and Caucasians began to come in the city Istanbul from the Balkans so Eyüp began to lose its former importance because factories had been established along the banks of Golden Horn with the effect of the industrial revolution. The first established factory was Feshane which was established to produce fez for the Ottoman Army.
Fondest memory: When we look at the present day, we can say the all factories which were established during the industrial revolution were shut down but the factories have been established in other places. It was known by everyone that the estuary (Haliç) was smelling too bad and after closure of factories, the odor was eliminated so Eyüp has been started to gain the importance back. Pierre Loti who was a poet was recognized with admiration of Istanbul and in Eyüp there are a café which name is Pierre Loti and it is one of the most beautiful places which have a glamorous view of Istanbul.
DISTRICTS OF ISTANBUL-NISANTASI
Favorite thing: Nisantasi is a quarter of Istanbul, Turkey, comprising neighbourhoods like Tesvikiye, Osmanbey, Macka and Pangalty. It includes the stores of world famous brands and has many popular cafés, pubs, restaurants and night clubs. It is a part of the Sisli district. Abdi Ipekci Street, Turkeys most expensive shopping street in terms of lease prices, stretches from the neighbourhoods of Maçka and Tesvikiye to the center of Nisantasi.
Nisantasi was settled by Sultan Abdülmecid in the middle of the 19th century. He erected two obelisks to define the beginning point and the ending point of the quarter. He ordered the construction of the Neo-Classical style Tesvikiye Police Station and the Neo-Baroque style Tesvikiye Mosque for a proper district, encouraging the citizens of Istanbul to settle here (hence the name Tesvikiye which means Encouragement in Ottoman Turkish).
The word Nisantasi literally means Aiming Stone (target stone) in Turkish. Before the land had been granted for public use, it was an area where Ottoman soldiers used to shoot at target stones for improving their aiming skills. Some of these target stones, which are shaped like small obelisks and have Ottoman Turkish inscriptions on them, are still found on the pavements of Nisantasi as monuments from the past.
Fondest memory: Following the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913, many Turks from Thessaloniki (Selânik, which was an Ottoman metropolis until 1912) settled in the Nisantasi district of Istanbul; including the family of the famous Turkish poet Nazym Hikmet. Apart from the Turks, the district also had sizeable Greek, Jewish, Armenian and Levantine communities.
DISTRICTS OF ISTANBUL-ORTAKOY
Favorite thing: Ortakoy has had an important place in the daily life of the city during both the Byzantine and Ottoman periods. Turks, Jews, Greeks and Armenians still live there peacefully, side by side. In the 16th century, the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent encouraged the Turks to move to Ortaköy and live there, which marked the beginning of the Turkish presence in the neighbourhood. One of the oldest buildings in Ortaköy is the Turkish Bath built by the famous Ottoman architect Sinan in 1556.
The famous Ortaköy Mosque, located on the coastal pier square, was originally built in the 18th century. Later, in the 19th century, the current mosque, ordered by Sultan Abdülmecid and designed by architects (father and son) Garabet Amira Balyan and Nigogayos Balyan in Neo-Baroque style, was edificed between 1854 and 1856.
In 1871, Sultan Abdülaziz built the Çyra?an Palace in Ortaköy, where he lived for some time. Çyragan Palace was also used as the Ottoman Parliament building until it was severely damaged by a fire in 1910. The palace was repaired and restored in the 1980s and is known today as the Cyragan Palace Kempinski Hotel, one of the most luxurious hotels in Istanbul.
Ortakoy is one of the nicest neighborhoods of Besiktas districts in the European side of Istanbul on the Bosphorus Strait, right under the first Bosphorus bridge. In Turkish it means “middle village” because it was in the middle of the strait, and during the Ottoman period it was just a small fishing village and a resort for the Ottoman dignitaries because of its attractive location. After many years, the district is still a popular spot for local people and foreign visitors.
Ortakoy has many cafeterias and tea houses around a square near the water or in the alleys, moderate or expensive restaurants, bars, small shops and a market which gets very lively during the weekends. In the summer time there are even small size concerts or street shows etc. Many world class night clubs are also in this area, on the Bosphorus.
Fondest memory: Ortakoy center lies within a triangle of a Muslim mosque, a Christian church, and a Jewish synagogue, witnessing the religious freedom and mosaic in Turkey as a secular state. Other interesting sites within Ortakoy district are: Ciragan Palace hotel which used to be a palace, Kabatas High School from late Ottoman period, Feriye restaurant which used be the hunting mansion of the sultans, Princess Hotel, Sortie night club and Reina night club. A small pier is connecting Ortakoy to other neighborhoods on the Asian side by passenger ferries.
DISTRICTS OF ISTANBUL-ŞİŞLİ
Favorite thing: Sisli
Şişli is the very old county of Istanbul and based on a fundamental property. Şişli, has been a residential area since ancient times, contains many historical monuments.
It is suggested that the oldest district, Tatavla, was established in the first quarter of the 16th century. The settlement in Şişli was too little until the beginning of the 19th century. Population was very rare in here and most places were isolated. The most important reason of the situation is that there were full of fields. After the 19th century, Maçka and Pangaltı had started to be residential areas. In 1870, a major fire emerged and it took place in history as the largest fire, Beyoğlu, so buildings and residential areas were damaged very much, therefore, large part of people were homeless. After the negative situation, the buildings were constructed around Harbiye and given to these homeless people. Osman Bey , the founder of Matbaa-I Osmaniye( printing), had bought a wide soil between Harbiye and Şişli and made a mansion built. After the first step, mansions began to be built especially in Harbiye, Teşvikiye and Nişantaşı in the last quarter of the 19th century and population began to increase.
The Pediatric Hospital is one of the major medical centers of Istanbul not only the county and was established in 1890s. The boundaries of the county are quite extensive as the boundaries of many counties. There are many positive results of the wide boundaries, one of which is opportunity of culture and art activities. There can be found the ruins of Ottoman. In addition, there are some old type buildings and they have already been beautiful.
Fondest memory: The region is a point of the conjunction the old and new life styles. It won’t be wrong to say that Şişli is the most developed county of Istanbul because Şişli has been improving in all aspects and keeping pace for changing years.
DISTRICTS OF ISTANBUL-TARABYA
Favorite thing: Tarabya is located europen side and one of the most beautiful districts of Istanbul. Many of singers, actors, models or rich people prefer to live in this area. Tarabya was formerly the Greek Theràpia, the name of which comes from the Greek word therapeia (therapy) and indicates the areas former use as a sanctuary from the city for the sick. It is now a classy neighbourhood, dominated by the once grand Tarabya Hotel. There are fish restaurants and (taverna) featuring traditional Turkish music, drink, and atmosphhere. Marmara University has a small site here, teaching French, housed in a villa built by Alexander Ypsilantis.
Fondest memory: A stream once flowed to the Bosphorus, but is now covered by concrete. Tarabya also is home to the German consulate.
DISTRICTS OF ISTANBUL-USKUDAR
Favorite thing: Üsküdar is one of the most beautiful and interesting districts of Istanbul. Üsküdar where are many different features and contrasts has the unique historical structures. The symbol of the Istanbul, Bosphorus Bridge is located in the interior lands of the district so Üsküdar should be visited, you will feel some pleasure absolutely.
District seems to have variety the neighbor to neighbor. This difference appears in every perspective. In some places sites have been established which have high standards of living, while some places have opposite situation. Üsküdar where is one of the oldest districts was conquered by Orhan Bey in period of Ottoman Empire. After conquest, Turkish population started to increase. The district has been an important transportation center from ancient times even the period of BC. Empires which were founded in Üsküdar during BC gave the importance to the district because of the harbor and transportation.
Üsküdar is one of the most important counties of historical city, Istanbul because there are so many values. Maiden’s Tower (Kız Kulesi) is located the boundaries of Üsküdar, the tower is undoubtedly the most important value. Maiden’s Tower is the only building remaining from the Byzantine Era in Üküdar. Firstly the historical building was a cemetery, then Byzantine Era was used as customs station. By the time of the Ottoman Empire, the tower was used as exile rooms and an area for festivals. Today, the building draws the tourist’s attraction. Around the tower, different mosques have founded and they are the symbols of Istanbul.
Fondest memory: We must mention the Üsküdar Çamlıca Hill, it is a natural value of Istanbul. Bosphorus Bridge is seen from the Çamlıca Hill beautiful, this view must affect you absolutely.
DISTRICTS OF ISTANBUL-ISTIKLAL STREET TAKSİM
Favorite thing: Istiklal Caddesi (Independence Street), arguably Istanbul’s most famous street, is located in the city’s Beyoglu district on the European side. Formerly called Cadde-i Kebir (Grand Avenue) or the Grand Rue de Pera, its name was changed following the foundation of the Turkish Republic in 1923. Literally millions of people visit this wide and gracious pedestrianised boulevard each day to enjoy the multitude of shops, cafes, bars, art galleries, restaurants, cinemas, churches, synagogues, mosques and embassies.
A nostalgic tram runs the almost 3km length of Istiklal Street, beginning at Taksim Square and ending at Tünel. The tram’s subway systems is the second oldest in the world, rivalling only that of London’s Underground. It’s a popular option for those wanting to escape the crowds or rest their feet, and is a quaint way to enjoy the 19th century architecture and energy of Istiklal from up high.
Shoppers won’t be disappointed, with a large array of big names like Mango and Bershka alongside smaller Turkish stores. As Turkey is one of the primary exporters of textiles to Europe, factory seconds for big European department stores like H&M can be bought cheaply on the side streets off Istiklal, particularly towards the Tünel end of the street. There are also a number of second hand and vintage storess.
On any given night, revellers pack Istiklal and the small side streets to eat, drink and sing with gusto. For a truly Turkish experience, head to the meyhanes off Balik Pazari (Fish Market) on Nevizade Street, as well as its pretty neighbour, Cicek Pasaji (Flower Passage). If you’ve got any energy left, there are a number of nightclubs which play a variety of music including rock, hip hop, reggae, blues, jazz, salsa and Turkish pop music.
Istiklal Street also has a number of popular places of worship including the Hagia Triada, a Greek Orthodox Church; the Roman Catholic Saint Mary and San Antonio di Padova churches; the Armenian Saint Mary Catholic Church as well as the Huseyin Aga Mosque.
Fondest memory: How to get to Istiklal Street – Taksim in Istanbul:
Istiklal street is the busiest street from Taksim Square.
From Sultanahmet: Taksim square is the heart of the new city and it is easily accessible from most parts of the city. From Sultanahmet, take the T-1 Zeytinburnu – Kabatas tram in the direction of Kabatas and get off at the last stop. From Kabatas, take the funicular to Taksim.
'DISTRICTS OF ISTANBUL-ARNAVUTKÖY
Favorite thing: Arnavutköy (Albanian Village) which is located in the European side of Istanbul is a county that has been developing day by day, and the county has an old history. It is not known when the people started to occur in population. According to the information of state’s history archives, the name of the county was the same in the 1800s. This information shows us that the county is based on a very old history. When looked at the archives of the Republic, Greek peasants had been living in Arnavutköy and there were 180 households in total. Today’s, the places where the Greeks lived are given names as Köy, Köy içi and Aşağı Köy. After the establishment of the Republic, Greeks living in Turkey have exchanged with the Turks living in Greece. Turks coming from Dram Region of Greece were settled in Arnavutköy and they had lived with Greek citizens for about 2 months. The largest church in Arnavutköy is placed in the Greek Region. This region was evacuated and then placed Turks.
Do you wonder where the name of this county, Arnavutköy, came from? The first information about the subject is that the name was given from the public, they gave the name for a citizen of Albanian notables who was known as the father. Besides, the other information is that Albanians were living in here and everyone was saying here “the village of Albanians”, then it was changed and said Arnavutköy (Albanian Village).
Arnavutköy is the neighbor of Edirne so it is way to go to Europe. In ancient times, there were just a grocery store and an accommodation, transformation was not easy so it is known that while passing at this road convoys were used. Road of Edirne was finished in 1936 and transportation has been easy for years. Arnavutköy was a town of Eyüp district until 1963. After the date, it was connected to Gaziosmanpaşa. In 2008, Arnavutköy was honored to be a county of Istanbul and this event provides rising standards of living.
Fondest memory: The best known region of Arnavutköy is Imrahor which means that people who care of horses. In Imrahor have paths of horses. Faith Sultan Mehmet said here “Hara” and now it is known as hara by some people. Imrahor with its history and naturalness effects people.
How big is Istanbul
Favorite thing: Many VT members are asking if they can walk in the city etc etc
I just want to give you some figures about istanbul
Istanbul is a city, which the area of the municipalities ( except the rural area) is 5700km2
which this area is bigger than 32 countries of the world
Now ,lets compare the population According to official 2007 years statistics the population of istanbul is 11 million which you can extrapolate this figure up to 14-16 million in 2010
which only the population of Istanbul is bigger than 133 countries of the world
I think that now you have an idea how big it is and whats the population...
I was born in this city ...I am 67 years old and still there are some areas that I ve never been ...
Fondest memory: I miss Istanbul...
Free tour for passengers on a layover
Favorite thing: I've never had a layover in Istanbul but I just read about this program offered by Turkish Airlines. If you have a layover in Istanbul between 6 and 24 hours and are flying on Turkish Airlines, you can get a free tour of Istanbul with the TourIstanbul program.
The tours are everyday from 9:00 to 18:00, from 9:00 to 15:00 or from 12:00 to 18:00. Everything on the tour appears to be included, admission, food and the guide service.
Favorite thing: -
Istanbul: Memories and the City, by Orhan Pamuk - translated from Turkish into many languages
Constantinople: City of the World's Desire, 1453-1924, by Philip Mansel
Byzantium: The Surprising Life of a Medieval Empire, by Judith Herrin
Favorite thing: I think that its time to help the visitors of Istanbul.
know already that, Istanbul is situated in two continents.Small portion on Asian side ...The most popular places of Asian side are Kadikoy,Uskudar,Beykoz,Maltepe,Bostanci,Tuzla,Pendik...
The European side is divided with a small bay which is called Golden Horn (Halic in Turkish)
The Old Town is situated in the left side ( west) of golden horn and famous places are called Eminonu,Sultanahmet,Fatih,Beyazit...
On the east side(east)of Golden Horn take place the modern site of Istanbul famous places are called Galata,Taksim,Beyoglu,Sisli,Levent,
Bosphorus is the channel between two continents and it links the Black sea with Marmara sea .There are also 2 bridges(Ataturk bridge,Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge) which links the Europe with Asia.
Movies set in Istanbul
Favorite thing: Even though the name of the movie is "From Russia With Love", this Sean Connery James Bond film was largely filmed in Istanbul. I watched the film after I returned from Istanbul, it was fun to pick out the places it was filmed, Hagia Sophia, the cisterns, along the Bosphorus, inside the Grand Bazaar, the Blue Mosque.
Another James Bond movie, "Skyfall" with Daniel Craig was partially filmed in Istanbul but it wasn't as heavily featured as it was in "From Russia With Love"
"Topkapi Palace" and "Midnight Express"
Visa requirements for visiting Turkey
Favorite thing: In addition to having a valid passport, US visitors must obtain a visa for travel to Turkey. Unlike some of the ones you must get in advance, you can purchase the visa upon arrival to Turkey, currently it is $20 and you can use US currency. The visa is valid for 90 days.It's always advisable to check on the Embassy Website in case visa requirements change.
US citizens can apply for an e-visa in advance, according to the website the primary advantage is saving time in the queue upon arrival. The disadvantage is that if you change your travel plans and arrive earlier than anticipated or if you cancel your trip, you are out $20 x the number of travelers. If you arrive earlier than expected, you have to pay for another visa. Here's the website for the e-visa. The e-visa was processed within a couple of minutes so you don't need to get it more than a couple of days before traveling, If they are charging more than $20US, you may have gone to a visa service website, there is no need to do this.
If you get the e-visa, you don't get the visa stamp in your passport (it used to look like a postage stamp) and you should carry the e-visa printout every time you fly in Turkey or out of Turkey. We only showed ours on arrival.
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DISTRICTS OF ISTANBUL-ATASEHIR
Favorite thing: Ataşehir as a county had been connected to İstanbul. After the annals, Ataşehir became a county of Ataşehir. In general, when considering to becoming county it may be connected to develop the area.
If we need to mention that change we must go down to history of the region. Changing of settlement in this region, the property belonged to the individual. Later the state confiscated the region and many different construction companies invested inputs by purchasing land in this area. As a result of these investments which are held with State support and encouragement the entire region has became a satellite town. These initiatives took place at the beginning of2000. However, the area maintains the distinction of being the most important investment field of construction companies.
After the district, Ataşehir , hasn’t searched for the development, has taken the ability to address to needs and tastes of people in almost every area. With luxury sites, it offers people a comfortable life. People who live there have places to face easily the needs. Previously even the non- settlement of this region from other areas people are now also begun to come and go. That’s why is the region has many brand in the world- famous. There are two shopping malls and we can say these malls help to development.
These are the general thoughts of people when saying Ataşehir, however in almost every district of İstanbul , there are a paradox of this county as well as socio- economic. For this reason, occurring changes in the perception of the general Ataşehir must be normally met.
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