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Beyazit State Library, Istanbul, TR
"Beyazit State Library" in Istanbul is the first Ottoman state library, opened in 1884 and intended to be a national library.
Beyazıt Library is one of the largest libraries in Istanbul, its collection features over "one million" works, including books, periodicals, newspapers, rare works, maps, posters, and a money archive. ...
"The Library" offers reading rooms, language laboratories, rooms for the visually-disabled, music and video rooms, and a conference room for cultural activities.
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Beyazit Square and Istanbul University, TR
Istanbul University is a prominent Turkish university located in Istanbul. The main campus is adjacent to Beyazıt Square, in Fatih.
It was founded as an institution of higher education named the Darülfünun (House of Multiple Sciences) on July 23, 1846; but the Medrese (Theological School) which was founded immediately after Mehmed II conquered (Istanbul) in 1453 is regarded as the precursor to the Darülfünun which evolved into Istanbul University.
After the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople a madrasa, a religious school, was established. Education began to be available in theological schools ("medrese/madrasah" as they were then called) and, until the end of the 19th century, these schools were instrumental in educating the ruling cadres of the Ottoman society. However, when the "madrasahs" were no longer able to meet the needs of the modern world, a restructuring process began, and as a result, the institutions of higher education called "Darülfünun," the core of Istanbul University, were established.
An institution of higher education named the Darülfünun-i Osmani ('House of Sciences') was created in 1863, but suppressed in 1871. Its first rector was Hasan Tahsini, regarded as one of the most important Ottoman scholars of the 19th century. In 1874 the Imperial University (Darülfünun-i Sultani) started classes in law in French, but was closed in 1881.
On 21 April 1924, the Republic of Turkey recognized the Istanbul Darülfünûnu as a state school, and on 7 October 1925, the administrative autonomy of Istanbul Darülfünûnu was recognized while the "Schools" (within the old Medrese system) became modern "Faculties". On 1 August 1933, Istanbul Darülfünûnu was reorganized as Istanbul University (İstanbul Üniversitesi) following the educational reforms of Atatürk. Classes officially began on 1 November 1933.
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A bit off the tourist track but just west of the Grand Bazaar, Beyazit Square is dominated by Beyazit Camii and the main entrance gate to Istanbul University. I can see where there can be lots of folks hanging out here if the weather is nice although it was chilly and overcast the day we walked through. There are a few food stalls, an outdoor cafe, a fountain, and plenty of pigeons.
Beyazit Square and Istanbul University
Largest Square of the Byzantium period and still important square of Istanbul.Istanbul university,Beyazit Mosque,Kuyucu Muratpasa Complex,Beyazit Library are located in this square.You can walk through o Aksaray from this square.
Oldest Education place of Ottoman Istanbul is here.
Istanbul University (Turkish: İstanbul Üniversitesi) was founded as an institution of higher education named the Darülfünun (House of Multiple Sciences) on July 23, 1846; but the Medrese (Theological School) which was founded immediately after Mehmed II conquered (Istanbul) in 1453 is regarded as the precursor to the Darülfünun which evolved into Istanbul University
German historian Richard Honig believes that the history of the Medrese which first evolved into the Darülfünun and later became Istanbul University actually started on March 1, 1321, during the reign of Osman I in Bithynia, the cradle of the Ottoman State.
The first modern Applied Physics courses were given at the Darülfünun on December 31, 1863, which marked the beginning of a new period, and on February 20, 1870, the school was renamed as the Darülfünun-u Osmani (Ottoman House of Multiple Sciences) and reorganized to meet the needs of modern sciences and technologies. Starting from 1874, some classes of Literature, Law and Applied Sciences were given at the building of Galatasaray Lisesi, which continued regularly until 1881. On September 1, 1900, the school was renamed and reorganized as the Darülfünun-u Þahane (Imperial House of Multiple Sciences) with courses on Mathematics, Literature and Theology. On April 20, 1912, the school was renamed as the Ýstanbul Darülfünunu (Istanbul House of Multiple Sciences) while the number of courses were increased and the curricula were modernized with the establishment of the Schools of Medicine, Law, Applied Sciences (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics), Literature and Theology. On April 21, 1924, the Republic of Turkey recognized the Ýstanbul Darülfünunu as a state school, and on October 7, 1925, the administrative autonomy of Ýstanbul Darülfünunu was recognized while the "Schools" (within the old Medrese system) became modern "Faculties". On August 1, 1933, Ýstanbul Darülfünunu was reorganized as Ýstanbul Üniversitesi (Istanbul University) following the educational reforms of Atatürk. Classes officially began on November 1, 1933, in "the first modern university" of the Republic of Turkey.
The university currently has seventeen faculties on five campuses, the main campus being on Beyazýt Square in Istanbul, which was known as the Forum Tauri in the Roman period. It has a teaching staff of 2,000 professors and associates and 4,000 assistants and younger staff. More than 60,000 undergraduate and 8,000 postgraduate students follow the courses offered by Istanbul University every year.
Its graduates have frequently been the main source of academic staff for the Turkish university system, as well as providing a very large number of Turkish bureaucrats, professionals, and business people.
history is at wherever you look: BEYAZIT SQUARE
the square is very close to the other attractions in Eminonu, it is just 3 minutes from Suleymaniye and 15 minutes from Sultanahmet Square by walking. so the square should certainly be seen.
the historical gorgeous gate of Istanbul University, some hitorical places and the Beyazit Mosques are the main items to see in this square. also Calligraphy (HAT) museum and the entrance of Kapalicarsi (Grand Bazaar) is in this square.
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