"The Fatih Mosque" is an Ottoman imperial mosque located in the Fatih district of Istanbul. It was one of the largest examples of Turkish-Islamic architecture in Istanbul and represented an important stage in the development of classic Turkish architecture. It is named after Fatih Sultan Mehmed, the Ottoman sultan who captured Constantinople in 1453.
The first Fatih mosque had one central dome supported by a single semi-dome of the same diameter on the qibla side and suspended on four arches, its dome was 26 meter in diameter.
The second mosque which was built (1771) by Sultan Mustafa III after the 1766 earthquake, was built on a square plan. It has one central dome supported by four semi-domes. The courtyard, main entrance portal and lower portions of the minarets remain from the original construction, with the remainder consisting of the 1771 Baroque reconstruction.
As with other imperial mosques in Istanbul, the Fatih Mosque was designed as a kulliye, or complex with adjacent structures to service both religious and cultural needs.
To the north and south of the mosque are eight great medrese, four to each side. These buildings are symmetrical, and each contains 18 cells for students (each housing four youths) and a dershane. Behind each was an annex, about half as large as the medrese itself, all of which have been destroyed as a result of road construction. The medreses provided for about a thousand students, making it a large university for its time.
On the kiblah side of the mosque, connected to it, is a domed library which was built in 1724. One of its doors opens onto the street, while the two other open onto the inner courtyard of the mosque. The library is presently undergoing repairs, and the books are under protection at the Suleymaniye Library.
There is also a memorial monument of "Fatih Sultan Mehmet - The Conquerer" in Fatih district, which you can read my review here accordingly .... :
Fatih Monument and Park
The caravanserai in the complex was repaired in the 1980s and combined with new shops to begin functioning as a workplace. The hospital, market, kitchens and hammam belonging to the original complex no longer exist.
Very well known and visited mosque in Istanbul by locals and also by the tourists ...
The legendary story tells, that sultan Fatih Mehmet (1432 - 1481) wanted the mosque to be bigger than Hagia Sophia. When architect failed to make it, sultan asked to cut off hands for him.
Almost all mosque collapsed during earthquake and was restored in 1771, so nowadays it is also influenced by Western baroque style.
This mosque, as it looks, is quite important in Istanbul. The Fatih Mosque is the sanctuary of the imperial complex built by Mehmed II to commemorate his conquest of Constantinople in 1453. Actually he is also buried inside.
It is pity I haven‘t visited it, it was under reconstruction, maybe another time :)
The Fatih Mosque or Conqueror's Mosque is an Ottoman imperial mosque located in the Fatih district. It was one of the largest examples of Turkish-Islamic architecture in Istanbul and represented an important stage in the development of classic Turkish architecture.
The Fatih Complex is the first complex, built after the conquest of Istanbul by Sultan Mehmed II in 1453, spreading on a big area and located on Fevzi Pasa Street. It has a characteristic of a big complex, including a mosque, a madrasah (religious school), a darussifa (hospital), a Turkish bath, a bazaar, a library, and the tombs that it has largely been lost its original format in the years built between 1463–1470.
You can watch my 1 min 05 sec HQ Video Istanbul Fatih area out of my Youtube channel with Muslim Prayer.