Fountain of Sultan Ahmed III, Istanbul
It is one of the historical and magnificient fountains of Istanbul which was built on the site of the previous Byzantine fountain called “Peryaton” by Sultan Ahmet III (1673-1736) in 1728. The fountain lies in front of "Bab-ı Hümayun", the gate of the "Topkapi Palace" and overlooks the square due to its position in the center of the "Ayasofya Square".
The structure which has a water reservoir in the shape of an octagonal prism located in its center, consists of sabils (public fountain) fitted on the corners of the water reservoir and water faucets fitted on its sides. The primary structure, which is placed on a floor with two stairs, features an aesthetic view of various architectural works, such as plant motifs, decorations, muqarnas (a three-dimentional decoration of Islam architecture), and palmets and it is supported with borders and niches used on the fountain. Moreover, the framed word of "Maşallah" (meaning may God preserve one from evil) written in calligraphy in medallion and real flower motifs drawn in the long vases carry spectacular display of artistry.
A lead-covered wooden roof which constitutes the ceiling structure of the fountain was extended in all directions in order to protect it against the negative effects of sunlight and other environmental damage. The roof has an artistic value by getting free of simplicity with little domes on top of the fountain and decorations on wooden eaves.
This monumental fountain, which was built when Western influence was at its greatest point during the final period of the Ottoman architectural period shows the transition from "Classical to Baroque" architecture.
It invites tourists, who come to Istanbul and have an opportunity to see the fountain, to journey back in time to the 18th century.
As you walk from the "Ayasofya Square" to "Topkapi Palace" main entrance gate, you will see the "Ahmet III. Fountain" on your right handside ... :)
The Fountain of Ahmed III (III. Ahmet Cesmesi) was built in Ottoman style in 1728 as a sort of social meeting place.
It stands just in front of the Imperial Gate, which is one of the main gates to enter Istanbul’s Topkapi Palace. The history of the massive gate dates back to 1478 when it was also known as the Gate of the Sultan.
Both the Fountain of Ahmed III and the Imperial Gate are located to the south of the Topkapi Palace in Istanbul’s Sutanahmet district.
The Sultan Ahmet III fountain lies outside of the grounds of Topkapi Palace and is on the way from the Imperial Gate to Hagia Sophia. It was built in the 18th century by Sultan Ahmed III at a time when the Rococo style was popular amongst the Ottoman élite. For this reason, it and its five domes are quite elaborate in their embellishments, with the engraved calligraphy of the stone walls matched by patterning on the roof and coloured sections of stone above the eye-level portions. This was outside of the palace grounds and thus was intended to be a social meeting place for locals. In addition to the drinking fountains, an attendant would also provide visitors with free sherbet.
This fountain in Turkish rococo is located in the square facing the Imperial Gate of Topkapý Palace. It was built in 1728. It was a social centre and gathering place during the Ottoman period of Constantinople, and it remains as a gathering place for the hords of tourists entering and leaving the palace.
At the entrance to first yard of Topkapi palace fountain stands, in 1728 changed instead of Byzantium one. Fountain is quite rich in details, as it was built in Turkish rococo times with decorations of flowers (also that time was known as Tulip period).
Place around is very nice to feel Istanbul, see its locals and tourists moving around, to\from Topkapi palace, buying souvenirs, relaxing.
Constructed in 1729, this fountain is located to the right side of the Ayasofya Mosque and in front of the Sultan's Gate of Topkapi Palace. It is a good example of Turkish rococo architecture, is square in shape with an overhanging roof made of lead.
A fountain is found in each of the four corners and above each tap is a calligraphic inscription in gold, on a blue/green background in honour of the fountain and its founder. The lead dome is topped by five small domes and the entire structure is richly decorated with floral designs, ornate inscriptions and beautiful examples of calligraphy written in gold letters.
The windows are enclosed with ornate marble grilles.
Ottoman fountains do not spout jets of water, they are more like ornate public taps! Sometimes there was a counter where refreshments could be served. Passer -bys to this fountain would have been offered sherbets and flavoured waters in silver goblets instead of the customary iced water..
Take the time to have a good look at it as well as taking a photo, because the calligraphy and inscriptions are really beautiful.