Nuruosmaniye Camii Mosque, Istanbul
This historical place, called as the Nuruosmaniye Complex, doesn’t have the traces of the Ottoman Architecture due to its construction. Though, the effects of the Western Architecture can be seen clearly.
Construction of the Nuruosmaniye Complex started in the period of Sultan Mahmud I, one of the Ottoman Sultans. But it was completed in the period of Osman III.
There is no clear information about the architect of the Nuruosmaniye Complex but some of the historians point out Greek Architect Simeon.
There are some sections in the complex such as sepulcher, library, mosque, fountain, public fountain, madrassa and imaret.
The Nuruosmaniye Mosque
The center of the mosque is surrounded with a canopy. This canopy is the biggest and the most imposing of the ones built during the Ottoman period, but it doesn’t include the Ottoman Architecture. Historians believe that its construction took approximately 7 years.
The Mosque contains the amazing Ottoman calligraphy and the scripts in it belong to Mehmet Rasim, Hattat Bursalı Ali Efendi(Calligrapher Ali Efendi from Bursa), Fahrettin Yahya and Seyyid Abdulhalim.
On the moldings which surround the walls of the mosque, Surah Al-Fatiha is engraved.
The mosque has two minarets and there are two balconies on each. Its yard has ‘U’ shape and is partly surrounded with small canopies. It has Western traces designed by the Ottoman artists.
Other Structures in the Nuruosmaniye Complex
In front of the sepulcher in the complex, there is a colonnade with 3 arches. The rectangular canopy and the patterns of the sepulcher are an example of Italian Baroque. As we mentioned before, because of the fact that Osman III had to finish the construction, there is a sarcophagus in the sepulcher, which belongs to his mother Şehsuvar Valide Sultan.
When the mosque is predicated as the center, you can see the imaret building in the west and the madrassa in the east. The imaret building consists of a yard, a dining hall and a kitchen. The madrassa has rooms surrounding it and colonnades. If you don’t visit the imaret building and the madrassa where Quran Courses are taught, you will miss so many things.
The library has also the canopies. Apart from the main canopy supported by 4 columns, the other 2 half canopies support the main one. There is a place like a basement below the library building, to which new rooms were added over time. Below the basement, there are shops that are visited even today.
The Nuruosmaniye Complex, which reached today without collapsing and being damaged, can be seen as the beginning of moving towards a different direction for the Ottoman Architecture.
The mosque was built nearby Grand market side in 1749. It is one of the “Westernized” mosques. That means, the European style Baroque was also included here. Sultan Mahmud I (1730 – 1754) had more Westernized vision of a country, so he was not against the use of Western styles.
The name Nourosmanyie means “the light of Osman”, the word “Osman” refers to sultan Osman III.
It was pity that a mosque was under reconstruction and it was not possible to see it inside, but I am happy that most of other mosques were opened for public.
The exterior of this mosque, the cubic mass of the prayer hall unencumbered by supporting apses, each wall springing a single arch, has a basic geometric severity relieved by a proportional grace, that is unmistakably baroque.
North of the mosque and part of its sccompanying complex is a building with an impessive number of chimneys, once a soup kitchen. Behind which coach drivers park their vehicles in the daytime: handy for the Grond Bazaar drop off.
This large mosque near the eastern entrance to the Grand Bazaar, was built by a Greek architect, Simon Kalfa on the orders of Sultan Mahmut I in 1748 and completed by his brother and successor Sultan Osman III in 1755. Nur means "sacred light", so the name is "Osman's Sacred Light".
Commissioned by Sultan Mahmut I in 1748, the Nuruosmaniye Camii was the first mosque to be built in the Ottoman Baroque style. It was designed by the architects Mustafa Ağa and Simeon Kalfa and marked a turning point in Ottoman architecture when European influences began to penetrate construction, thus creating an interesting blend of European floral motifs and Islamic geometric designs. In addition, the mosque's lofty interior drew inspiration from Byzantine design, particularly the Hagia Sophia. Construction of the mosque was not completed until 1755, during the reign of Sultan Osman III, whose name was attached to it (Nuruosmaniye = Light of Osman). Like most other Ottoman mosques, this one is in fact a complex containing a school a fountain and a charitable kitchen. The Nuruosmaniye Mosque is ajacent to the Grand Bazaar (Kapalıçarşı) just outside its Nuruosmaniye Gate. During my visit in January 2010 (in a blizzard), this mosque was undergoing a restoration project - see attached photos.
The center of the mosque is covered with a large dome and is noted as being one of the largest domes among all of Ottoman’s mosques. The relief in the niche in the mosque wall indicating direction of Mecca and the projecting carvings are not compatible with the Ottoman architectural tradition.
You can watch my 3 min 29 sec HQ Video Istanbul Nuruosmaniye Mosque out of my Youtube channel with Muslim prayer.
The Nuruosmaniye Complex is a complex in which Baroque style of Western architectural concept was mostly used and both ornamentation and handworks were excessively applied to it. Construction on the Nuruosmaniye Complex began in 1749 during the rule of Mahmud I and was completed by his brother and successor Osman III in 1755.
The Nuruosmaniye complex with two minarets, each of which has two sherefes (minaret balcony) and U-shaped courtyards with small covering domes forms a different style. It has acquired a different character in the hands of Ottoman masters by using Baroque and Roccoco ornaments as an achievement of unique artistic decorations.
The Mosque of the sacred ligth Of Osman opened to worship in 1775.The first baroque mosque in Istanbul ,is on a small terrace at one the busiest points in the city,just by the covered bazaar.Signs of Ottoman baraque influence.