Celsus Library, Ephesus
The Celsus Library, whose facade has been carefully reconstructed from all original pieces, was built ca. 125 B.C.E. by Gaius Julius Aquila in memory of his father C.Celsus - the General Governor of the Province of Asia, in the year 135 A.D. and once held nearly 12,000 scrolls. Designed with an exaggerated entrance -- so as to enhance its perceived size, speculate many historians -- the building faces east so that the reading rooms could make best use of the morning light. An underground tunnel, marked by the simple figures of a woman, a heart, and a price, leads from the library to a nearby building believed to have been a drinking establishment or brothel.
Fondest memory: Beautiful Sarcophagus of Celsus made with white marble
The Celsus library is about 12 meters high and you may walk freely and without restrictions between these columns. A fact that applies to almost all parts of the ancient Ephesus. Just a pity, my picture is a bit dark...
Fondest memory: the Celsus library was the biggest library of the ancient times - it was destroyed completely amd partly rebuilt by austrian Archiolocists.
This is probably the best known landmark of Ephesus.
The best time to visit this building is in the early morning, as it faces east and has a wonderful light as the sun rises. Only the facade remains (In 262 AD during the Gothic raids, the library was destroyed by fire), and this gives it the aspect of a theatre scenery. It has some statues: Sophia representing Wisdom, Arete-Excellence, Eunoia-Goodwill and Episteme-Knowledge.
The Library was believed to have held about 12,000 books (papyrus scrolls), a big collection for its time.
Favorite thing: Culture was important, and books were held of course in a library. The Ephesus library is very big and very impressive.