The Library of Celsus is the dominant and well preserved building facade that is found at the lower end of Curetes Street. It's well preserved appearance has been through a difficult history - the building collapsed during a 10th century earthquake but was rebuilt by archaeologists. The original building was built in approximately 110 AD and it was a masoleum. This became a library. he building was 3 stories high and the niches would have held scrolls and books.
There are 4 super statues on the front of the building as you climb up to ener the remains - the statues are copies of originals ad represent the virtues of Intelligence, Wisdom, Destiny and Knowledge,
You will most likely be shattered by the time you get this far in the site - the walk down is tough work in the heat but there is still quite alot of the site to see includin g the ancient theatre so use this point to stock up on fluids (there is a small stall seling camera films and water by the library). Taking photoraphs is a nightmare because everyone wants a picture of this part of Ephesus.
This is one of the top facades of the library which is 2 storys high and mesures 16 meters. The back of the library has been fitted with a concrete and steel support which can stand an earthquake mesuring up to 9 on the Richter scale
This i think is what everybody who visits Ephesus comes to see, its the Library of Celsus. Having seen it for the first time this year i was amazed at the site, the photos does not really give it justice, its much more impresive seeing it for yourself. Restoration on the library started back in 1970 and now its the most beautiful monument in the whole of Ephisus. The library when built was the third largest of its time and was built at a cost of 2000 dinarii and every year 23000 dinarii was spent on the purchase of new books. In 262 A.D. the library was torched by the Goths and although the building survived all the several thousand books were destroyed. In 400 A.D. the library was restored and turned into a fountain and pool but in the middle ages a huge earthquake brought the library crashing to the ground once more. since then 85 of the original pieces of the library have been found and reconstructed to the sight you see today
While walking, I was impressed by the Celcus Library. It was built in 114 AF by Tiberius Aquila as a tribute to his father Celcus. The library was completed in 117 AD. The library is 2 stories. The interior is covered in marble. The building itself is made of marble and has reliefs with figures of Nike, Eros and garlands. There are about sixteen paired columns, 8 on the top level and 8 on the bottom level. There are statues in between some of the doors. The statues symbolize wisdom, knowledge, intelligence and virtue of his father Celsus. There are niches inside the library where scrolls are said to have been kept. When the Goth took over they burned the interior of the museum but the outer façade was left mostly intact.
The third biggest library of ancient times. The biggest one is the library of Alexander. 2nd biggest is the library of Pergamon and the 3rd biggest is Celcius Library, the library of Ephesus. It has got 2 floors and at the entrance there are 4 statue located under the names of Sophia, Arete, Ennoia, Episteme. They symbolize Wisdom, Justice, Knowledge,
The Celsus Library was the biggest library of its time.
The fassade of the entrance-gate was recently restored by Austrian Archeologists and Sponsors and it became the symbol for the antique Ephesus. It is certainly the building that looks best and most interesting, even though just a rather small part of it is restored, as it was quite a large building in the old times.
This is probably one of the main attractions in Ephesus. Named after the governor for Asia Minor Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus and built by his son Tiberius Julius Aquila to honour his father. The library was completed in 117 AD and is built out of solid marble. Sadly in 262 during the Gothic attacks the interior of the library burnt out.
in the ancient cities,necropolis stood always outside city walls (as e.g. in pamukkale).
to make the tomb monument possible inside ephesus,they had to change the monument into library!(no sooner said than done!)
marble sarcophagus was found in ...1904
because of sun,best pics of library are tooken in the morning.
The Library of Celsus is unquestionably the first image that comes to mind when thinking of Ephesus. The Consul of Aquila built the library in 135 A.D. in honor of his father Celsus Polemaeanus. The library has a magnificently ornamented facade composed of three main portals. Over the portals we can see statues of female figures representing the virtues of wisdom, fate and intelligence.
It was extremely hot and the sun was baking down on us, but nothing could take away the wonderful feeling I was experiencing when I feasted my eyes upon this marvel. The whole of Ephesus is just a wonderful place to visit and something I wanted to do for a long time. i can just imagine those old Romans sitting here in the library, hiding from the sun and reading books or visiting the brothel when they were tired of reading.
The Library of Celsus is considered to be the most spectacular of the many ruins at Ephesus. It was built in the 2nd Century A.D. by Consul Tiberius Julius Aquilus in honour of his father Celsus Polemaeanus, the Roman Govenor of Asia Minor. The library at one time contained 12,000 scrolls. The Library is famed for its facade. It features four statues representing the four virtues, goodness, thought, knowledge and wisdom.
Celsus library at the end of Curates street dates back from the 2nd century AD and was built as a monumental tomb by Celsus’s son. The library has a two-storeyed façade and a single large hall inside. There are several statues in the niches symbolizing the virtues of Celsus: wisdom, knowledge, destiny and virtue.
Almost all guide books have this librarys picture.. Everything about ephesus starts with this picture....
But it deserves its place.. Probably one of the best preserved ancient ruins.. So ?uch historical and an architectural success..
During one of my visits, there was a classic music concert just in front of the library.. that was great..
One of the finest structures in Ephesus, the Celsus Library has recently been restored. Raised on a high plinth, the building is approached via a broad flight of steps.
It was built by the Consul Gaius Julius Aquila in 135 AD, in honour of his father, Celsus Polemaeanus, the governor of Asia Minor. The facade is highly ornamented on two levels, and there are three main portals. Over the portals were columns and statues arranged in niches. These statues were female figures representing the virtues wisdom, fate and intellegence. Niches on the interior of the building were designed to hold books. The tomb of Celsus was placed in a crypt below the central large niche.
According to the inscription on the architrave of the building, its patron, C.Aquila, died before it was completed, and the construction was carried on by his heirs.
One of the four facade monuments !!
The statue of Sophia - at the left of the building !
The statues were removed during the restauration.
On the bottom of each statue you will find some inscriptions - 4 statues - four names :
-Sophia : symbol of wisdom
-Episterne : symbol of knowledge
-Ennoia - symbol of faith
-Arete - symbol of virtueness