It is the most striking building in Ephesus. In order to make the front look longer, the columns and the capitals of the columns were kept smaller in contrast with the ones in the middle. The library was a three-storey building. The books were given preserved in rolls and covers on the shelves.
The statues in the niches of the facade wall were found in the excavations of 1904. According to inscriptions on their bases, the statues represent the wisdom(philosophia), knowledge(epistheme), destiny (ennoia) and virtue (arete) of Celsus.
Click on the pic to see the dimensions of the Celsus Library.
The rebuilt fassade is seen on the right, and on the left you may see the size the library had.
Walking here in that remote area of Efesus you may be approached by local people offering you antique fragments for " a good price "
Simply say NO !!
Its a big risk for you when you buy real antiques - and most probably you are cheated with fake things anyway
Have a look at the great fassade and the huge collumns...
...and simply try to imagine, how buildings like this one were built in the antique times, long time before the birth of Jesus.
Btw: Ephesus is mentioned several times in the bible.
Paulus used to come here and he sent his " letters to the people from Ephesus ", when he was back in Jerusalem
In the present world, we have John Nash. Remember "A Beautiful Mind"? I bet you do. Remember the library, I bet you don't. But, we remembered him spending a great deal of time in the library. Ok, that's enough for now. John Nash is a math prodigy.
In Ephesus, during the 5th century B.C., there's a mathematician by the name of Anaxagoras. Anyone know him? Well, for those of you who do, you get a prize for that :-)
Anaxagoras introduced the idea of atom & was sentenced to death by declaring that the sun & moon consisted of masses of material instead of being divine entity. Now, that's the thought of a thinker in 5th century B.C.! Isn't that just amazing???
CL is most known image of ancient ruins in Turkey. This two storey arched facade through which one can see far away hills and blue sky...
But I admired mostly the ceiling of the library, it's so beautiful.... lace carved in marble... have you seen anything like this before? I bet not :))))
One of the finest structures in Ephesus, the Celsus Library has recently been restored. Raised on a high plinth, the building is approached via a broad flight of steps.
It was built by the Consul Gaius Julius Aquila in 135 AD. as a heroon in honour of his father, Celsus Polemaeanus, the governor of Asia Minor. The façade is highly ornamented on two levels, and there are three main portals. Over the portals were columns and statues arranged in niches. These statues were female figures representing the virtues wisdom, fate and intellegence. Niches on the interior of the building were designeo to hold books. The tomb of Celsus was placed in a crypt below the central large niche.
According to the inscription on the architrave of the building, its patron, C.Aquila, died before it was completed, and the construction was carried on by his heirs. Aquila left 25 thousand dinar for the acquisition of books for the library
The ruins include a theater, gymnasium, agora and baths, and last but not least the famous Library of Celsus
THE ISA BEY MOSQUE
The 14th-century Isa Bey Mosque, next to the basislica is accessed through its typical Seljuk portal.
The ruins of the ancient city of 'Hierapolis', are also situated on the plateau by Pamukkale
PAMUKKALEA magical and spectacular natural site, unique in the world, Pamukkale (Hierapolis) is a fairyland of dazzling white, petrified castles. Thermal spring waters laden with calcareous salts running off the plateau's edge have created this fantastic formation of stalactites, cataracts and basins. The hot springs have been used since Roman times for their therapeutic powers. Both the thermal center with its motels and thermal pools, and the ruins of the ancient city of Hierapolis, are situated on the plateau.
Priene was built in the 4th century B.C. and has most of all Greece buildings. (ruins)
It was one of the busiest ports of the Ionian Federation.
The grid-like system of streets introduced in the fourth century BC by Hippodamos of Miletos is a superb example of early town planning
Milet (Miletos), like Priene, was a great Ionion port and the birthplace of several philosophers and sages.
The excavations of Milet, the biggest town of the classic antiquity, is much extensive than Priene.
The most famous is the theatre, the ruins of the agora,the Archeology Museum and the well preserved ruins of the Faustina baths
The head of Medusa
The Temple of Apollo was one of antiquity's most sacred places. Many times looted and burned, the sanctuary still impresses with its elegant beauty. A double-colonnaded portico surrounds the colossal temple
MORE ON TRAVELOGUE !!!
As you crest the hill you and look down the street your view is dominated by the Celsus Library. You can only image what it looked like 125 AD when it was constructed.
The most immediately recognizable edifice in Ephesus is the Celsus Library. Julius Caesar had it built in honor of his father, Celsus, who was governor. His grave is in back.
This is what most people come to Ephesus to see, and it is one of the most wonderful sights. Make sure that you look up into those arches and windows and check out all that detail.
The library once again and one of the four woman statues that are carved with such beauty
This photo is just to the left of the library and shows the fantastic carvings and delecate stone work that Ephesus has to offer. It must have taken years to produce work like this
This is one of the facades of the library with a statue of one of the 4 women that Celsus had carved into stone
Herewith a closer look at two of the statues before you enter the salon of the library. Absolutely fantastic if you think how long these have been standing here and for us to view today
The Old Celsus Library was the biggest of the ancient times. It was destroyed by several earthquakes and was partly rebuilt in the 20th century by archeologists.