Selcuk has its very own fortress that's located to the north of the town on top of a small hill that really stands out from the surrounding flat countryside. You get a really good view of it from the Basilica of St John and also from the main road that comes into the north of the town. It was built in the 6th century under the Byzantines, rebuilt by the Seljuk’s and recently restored but didn't look open when I was there in January 2010.
While not a spectacular archeological site, it is still worth a very pleasant walk for an hour or two, and the $2.50 entrance fee. There are views of the surrounding countryside, grass and flowers throughout the site; it's pretty calm and quiet as well. It was built in 530 AD by Emperor Justinian because it is believed to be the site of the tomb of St. John, the Apostle.
St. John came to Ephesus with Mary and lived most of his life on and around Ayasoluk Hill. Upon the death of St. Paul, St. John became a leader of the Churches of Ephesus, wrote his Gospel and died here at the age of 98years. HIs grave, in the 4th century, was a memorial enclosed by a church of small proportions in the 4th century. During the reign of Justinian, the Emperor, a magnificent domed Basilica was built on the site. The Tomb was located under the main central dome.
Open 8.30 - 4.30pm Closed Mondays
Admission 2009 was 5t/l
HALL OF HILLSIDE HOUSES.....This section of the Museum has displays of household furniture, Marble & Bronze fountain heads in the form of Eros & the Dolphin. There's portraits of Emperors, busts of Socrates, Toys, Flutes, and Ceramic pieces.
HALL OF THE FOUNTAINS....The statue of Aphrodite is here, remains from the fountain of Trajan & Pollio & MORE..........
HALL OF THE EMPEROR'S CULT......The cult principally was an institution aiming to create solidarity and security among the people within the boundaries of the Roman Empire, regardless, of language, cult or religion.
COURTYARD SECTION....You will see Tombs here AND A lOT MORE.............
HALL OF TOMBS.....Ceramics from a Mycenaea Tomb are on display, these were found when a parking lot was being constructed near the Castle & MORE.................
HALL OF ARTEMIS....These have the most important remains in this gallery. Here you will see statues from the Artemis cult of Ephesus.
Very interesting to see objects SOOO OLD!!!
Was very busy the day I visited.
Open daily 9 - 5.30 pm CLOSED MONDAYS
ADMISSION (2009) 5T/L
This museum would have to be one of the best I've been to. It is well set out, and there is so much Ancient History on display here. It was founded in 1929, and displays a lot of the artifacts discovered at Ephesus and surrounding area. Objects on display relate to different periods of time........Mycenaean, Archaic, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, & Turkish. The works of art are exhibited accordingly to the places they were found. There are sculptures in the garden, two big Artemis Statues, the head of Eros, Plus another statue of Eros with a Dolphin, and a fresco of Socrates.
Open 9 - 5.30 pm Closed on Mondays
ADMISSION IN 2009 was 5 t/l
The Mosques in this town are made out of stone and look very old. There are four in town, one near the Museum (1072sk), one near St. John Church (1056 sk), Isabey Mosque (2040sk) and one across the Railway line. If you pick up a Selcuk map, it will give you the locations. It wasn't far to walk to any of them, and I just thought they were nice, perhaps you will too!
The numbers in brackets are the street numbers.
This Mosque was built in 1375, with part of it being built into the side of Ayasuluk hill. In the early days, large crowds of people came here. The courtyard contains a fountain surrounded by Porticoes and three gates and its from here that you enter the inside of the Mosque. Inside are porcelain mosaics, painted tiles and coloured stones, with the Pulpit being marble.
It is also the oldest known Mosque to have an exterior courtyard.
Open from Dawn to Dusk
ADMISSION is FREE
This Temple is known as one OF THE SEVEN WONDERS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD. It is located on the flat in Selcuk, with very little of it remaining.
It was built in the Hellenistic age, and was entirely made out of marble. It was surrounded by 36 huge columns, that were later enlarged on orders from the Lydia King (Kreisos) in the 6th century BC. The new Artemis was built in the 2nd century BC. It was located on top of the previous one and had 127 columns, each 17.5metres high This one was firstly destroyed by fire, rebuilt, destroyed by earthquakes, rebuilt, then looted by Goths a year later. It was destroyed and rebuilt a total of 7 times. The statue of the many breasted Artemis was the symbol of the Temple. The genuine statue of Artemis is in the Selcuk Museum.
Located on Ayasoluk Hill, this was a great Church of its times. It was built between the years 527 - 565 AD in the 6th Century, in a form of a Cross, and roofed with six massive domes. The columns facing the central aisle have the monograms of the Emperor Justinian and his wife Theodora. It fell into ruins with time, and in 1330, was converted into a mosque. 1402, and the Mongol Army completely destroyed it. It was pillaged for building materials, but thank goodness, restoration in recent years has enabled us to wander through it, and imagine what a magnificent Basilica this was in times gone by.
Don't forget to have a look along the walls and take in the beautiful valley views.
It probably only takes half hour to look through.
Open 8.30 - 4.30pm daily, CLOSED MONDAYS.
ADMISSION in 2009 5 t/l
This is a Byzantine Castle that stands on Ayasuluk hill overlooking the town of Selcuk. It has been rebuilt several times in the Ottoman & Seljukian eras. It was built in 6th Century AD, and was constructed from stones of Roman buildings. It has rubbled stoned walls and 15 Towers. Sub-mycenean graves proved that it belonged to the 14th century BC, and that the hill was used as an Acropolis.
It is closed to the public, but you can walk up the road and get close to it.
This market is colossal size for a small town. It is held on a Saturday. Whatever you want, I think you would find here. There are good arrays of all types of clothing, shoes, kitchen wares, plants, flowers, hardware, anything you can think of! There was a whole long street full and more of beautiful fruit and vegetables. May, and the Cherries were in season, and for sale at very reasonable prices. I bought some, the quality and flavour was excellent.
Make sure if you are here on a Saturday that you visit this market.
Quote: "Storks bring prosperity & health to all people who see them in the air first time."
The Storks at Selcuk make their nests anywhere they can find if all the Aqueduct vantage points are taken. I was here in May, and some were still building nests, and others had babies. I liked watching them from my Hotel Balcony. I could hear the clacking of beaks, and they seemed to dance! They usually arrive in April, have their babies, and depart in September, marking the beginning and ending of Summer. They don't seem to take any notice of the Humans, they just go about their daily business. You will see them in the city centre.
These ruins are from the Byzantine era and are located right in the town. They extend from the Eastern hills to Ayasuluk Hill, passing by the Train Station, they are on both sides of the track. In the town centre, there are parts of one, for a fuller version, cross the Railway line, you will see a longer section
The Temple of Artemis is famous because it is among greatest wonders in the list of the Seven Wonders. It is also wellknown because of the story of Herostratus and his motivation of fame at any cost, thus the term herostratic fame.
The temple was rediscovered in 1869 by an expedition sponsored by the British Museum led by John Turtle Wood after six years of searching. Excavations continued until 1879. A few further fragments of sculpture were found during the 1904-06 excavations directed by D.G. Hogarth.
Only the foundation part and some columns are enough to prove its former magnificence now.
Plans are currently in motion to have the temple rebuilt. May be one day we’ll see it as it is considered looks like my second pic, haha!
You can watch my 1 min 05 sec Video clip Selcuk Temple of Artemis with Chopin – Etude 3.
The ruins of Ephesus are a favorite international and local tourist attraction in 9 km from Selcuk. In fact Ephesus contains the largest collection of Roman ruins East of the Mediterranean.
You can visit my separate Ephesus VT-page.