UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE -BEYSEHIR (Tentative)
Beyşehir, Eşrefoğlu Mosque
Date of submission to the Tentative World Heritage List: 15/04/2011
List Reference: 5611
The biggest and most original of the wooden pillared mosques in Anatolia
The mosque is located in Esrefoglu, 100 m north of the Beyşehir lake. The mosque was built as a social complex, including a mausoleum, a caravanserai and a Turkish bath, by Emir Süleyman Esrefoglu in 1299. The mosque was built in Seljuk style. The prayer hall of the structure, which extends to the north-south direction, is equipped with wooden pillars, which form a seven nave structure. The central nave is larger than the side naves. There is an empty space on centre of the ceiling, also called the illuminating lantern, believed to be so both for giving light to the inner space and supplying the necessary humidity for the wood parts, with the snow filling the pools on the ground. The dome before the mihrab (prayer niche) is an example of traditional Turkish architecture. The tile mosaic mihrab and the Minbar [pulpit] constructed in kündekari style are important decorative elements of the mosque. What makes this mosque unique is the mainly original wood parts and the prettiest and finest examples of traditional painting on these.
ILGIN THERMAL RESORT
Transportation: Konya is well connected to the rest of the country by road and air. The resort lies just off the main highway to Ilgin.
Water temperature: 42°C
pH value: 7.0
Physical and chemical properties: Hyperthermal, hypertonic and radioactive, bicarbonate, calcium, sodium, carbon dioxide.
Recommended: Applications Drinking, bathing and inhalation.
Helps to heal: Rheumatism, gall bladder and liver problems, poor metabolism.
AKGOL NATURE RESERVE
Akgol Lake and its surroundings are the home to a vast quantity and variety of water birds. Some are in danger of extinction, which means that this natural protection area, with an area of 6787 hectares, is of great national and international importance. Over 200 species of birds have been seen living in and around the Eregli reed beds, and amongst those are flamingos, titmouse, cormorant, many types of heron, swan, goose, duck, Egyptian vulture, snake eagle, reed hen harrier, crane, dove, eagle owl and great falcon. During the winter migration season, little marsh, peaked marsh, great white heron, white-fronted goose, hairy duck and crane are very common
Beysehir lake is the third largest lake in Turkey, and as a result of chemical reaction it has formed many islands, which are the remains of cavernous geological structures. The water is alkaline, and within it are carp, trout, bass, turtles and snakes. The islands provide a home for thousands of water birds who nest there, including swans, cormorants, ducks and divers. Species of trees here include juniper, black pine, firs, cedar and oak.
In addition to the natural beauty of the area, it also has an interesting history as it was governed by Hittites, Friesian, Lydias, Persians and Byzantines. Finally, the Anatolian Seljuks conquered the area in 1076, and since then it has been under the reign of the Turks. The remains of Kubadabad Palace date back to the Seljuks, and are found on Kizkalesi Island, 3km from the shore near Yenisarbademli village.
Facilities: The park is open between May and October. Tents or caravans can stay in specially designated areas.
It is one of the biggest rock monuments of the earth. The Fasıllar Monument represents the God between two lions in a mountain temple.
Eflatunpınar Hittite Monument: The Eflatunpınar Hittite Monument takes place within the borders of Beyşehir District of Konya. The Monument consists of embossed designs on rectangular rocks near a spring. These embossed designs, which are still keeping their characteristics, had been engraved on 14 rock blocks.
İvriz Embossed Designs: These monuments takes place in the İvriz Village of Halkapınar District. They had been made by Hittites.
This holy Hittite monument is 22km from Beysehir and around 80km west of Konya. The monument represents the gods holding up the sky, and providing the link between the heavens and earth. It has well preserved embossed designs, engraved onto 14 rectangular stone blocks.
SILLE AYA-ELENA CHURCH
Sille Aya - Elena Church: The tiny village of Sille, 8km northwest of Konya, has a long and interesting history. Helena, mother of Byzantine Emperor Constanine, stopped in Konya during her journey to Jerusalem for a Hajj pilgrimage in 327 AD, and after seeing the engraved temples here belonging to the first ages of Christianity, she too decided to construct a temple. The Sille Aya, or Elena Church, contains a rostrum and some fairly well preserved murals, which are unique works of art. It is thought that this church was in use until 1923. The village also has old stone bridges, other churches and the remains of frescoes. Sille is reached by bus number 64 from Konya.
Clistra Antic City: The ancient city of Kilistra is 55km south-west of Konya, and was one of the first places that St Paul gave sermons. The area is famous for its archaeological carvings and buildings cut into the rock, the best examples of which are the Hadj Plank Chapel, Sumbul Church, Double Sirahane, and Great Water Cistern Chapel. The best way of getting to the area is by private transport, although there may be buses going part of the way from Konya.
Çatalhöyük: This ancient site, 50km south-east of Konya, is said to be the first settlement in the world with houses and sacred buildings dating back to 6800 BC. The remains were discovered by British archaeologists in 1958, and research shows 13 different strata with evidence of houses that had to be entered by holes in the roof as there were no streets. There is little left at the site, except the remains of mud brick houses, murals, plaster reliefs and pottery. Construction was from adobe, wood and reed, and most of the findings are now in the Konya Museum of Archaeology.
It is possible to get most of the way by minibus, then a taxi for the remaining 10 miles.
Green lake at the Caravansary
Caravansaries provided water for human and animal consumption, washing, and ritual ablutions. Sometimes they even had elaborate baths. That very one Caravansary we saw had a wonderful lake with green water and abrupt shores.
I think that lake was the main reason the Caravansary was built at this place.
You can watch my 2 min 59 sec Video clip Konya Caravansary with Turkish pop music by Demet Akalin – Unuttum.
- Road Trip
- National/State Park
I don’t exactly know the name of the Caravansary which we were brought by our guide on our way from Cappadocia to Konya. I guess it was Sultanhan Caravansary.
It is one of the largest of all Seljuk caravansaries in Anatolia. Caravansaries (in Turkish kervansaray) were roadside inns where travelers could rest and recover from the day's journey. These are public buildings built on the caravan routes for trade in normal times and for military use in times of emergencies. We have been told that there are more than 120 caravansaries still standing in Anatolia.
The building of the Caravansary has a rectangular walled exterior, with a single portal wide enough to permit large or heavily laden beasts to enter. The courtyard is open to the sky and the inside walls of the enclosure are outfitted with a number of identical stalls, bays, niches, or chambers to accommodate merchants and their servants, animals, and merchandise.
You can watch my 1 min 37 sec Video clip Konya Caravansary Slide-show with Turkish pop music by Hakan Peker – Al Bani Yar.
- Historical Travel
Konya Bosna Hersek Newtown
When we were leaving Konya its new suburbs which I saw out of a bus window attracted my attention. Those new blocks of flats reminded me our Moscow’s suburbs where everybody can see such buildings for Muscovites and people who dream to become Muscovites.
When I constructed this page I decided to find out how much do flats in those houses costs. I suspected that they are cheaper than in Moscow in several times… I was right! I’ve read here that apartments in new district of Konya Bosna Hersek costs 110 sq.m = 65000 YTL = $44000 (1 sq.m=$400). Such apartments in Moscow are 10 times more expensive now! Hey, Muscovites, let’s all move to Turkey!
What do you think about it Andrey?
- Road Trip
Catalhoyuk - the world's oldest town
Catalhoyuk is the oldest known town ruin in the world, dating back over 9000 years. It sat forgotten for centuries under a large mound of dirt. Then, in the 1960's it was discovered by archaelogist James Mellaart. The excavations are now being done under the leadership of a team of archaeologists from Cambridge University in England. The archaeologists have uncovered about 15 layers of buildings, stretching back to about 7500 BC at the bottom.
At its peak, Catalhoyuk had about 5000 people. Its homes were single-story structures, which were entered through holes in their ceilings. Each home had a fireplace for heating and cooking. The outside walls of the outer homes formed the town's defensive walls.
Today, there is a small museum adjacent to the excavation site that is open to the public. Tours of the excavation site can be arranged, but must be done in advance. The active excavations are not open to the public. Fortunately, a friend of ours was able to have us added to a group tour that a colleague of hers had arranged. It was definitely worth it.
Catalhoyuk is located about 45 minutes southeast of Konya.
- Historical Travel
A stop here on the way back from our Cappadocia tour was lovely in this interesting landscape.
100,000 people once inhabited this twisting canyon - 45km southeast of Aksaray. More than 105 Byzantine churches were cut into the rock in the 15km long valley.
saddedin or zazadin han,a caravanserai
24km from konya.
leaving konya to aksaray,after 19km (arrow),take left ,then 5km.
lost in the immensity of the steppe,the caravanserai (1236) recalls desert convoys,men and animals exhausted after a long walk thru desert,under the sun.
- Road Trip
- Historical Travel
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