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  • karaagac's Profile Photo

    Manisa City Center

    by karaagac Written May 1, 2006

    Favorite thing: City in western Turkey with more than 200,000 inhabitants, situated just 25 km northeast of Izmir. It is the capital of Manisa province with 1.3 million inhabitants.
    Manisa is an attractive, modern city with a far-reaching past in the Aegean region of Anatolia. Its history goes back to 500 BC but the first known settlements date back to the 14th century BC.
    The main economic activity of Manisa is agriculture, producing wine grapes, olives, tobacco, sesame and cotton. Among modern industries, Manisa is a wide range of electronics industries. The surrounding lands extract magnesite, zinc and mercury.
    Since the great Ottoman Sultans chose Manisa as the training ground for crown princes, there are many examples of Ottoman architecture, as well as Seljuk.

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  • yakacik's Profile Photo

    Ongoing sound PADISAH OR...

    by yakacik Written Oct 4, 2002

    2.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    Favorite thing:

    Ongoing sound PADISAH OR THE SULTAN !

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  • Arkeolog's Profile Photo

    Manisa, city in western...

    by Arkeolog Written Oct 4, 2002

    3.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    Favorite thing: Manisa, city in western Turkey, the capital of Manisa province, located about 30 km (about 20 mi) north east of Izmir, the major Turkish port on the Aegean Sea. The city is situated on the northern slopes of Mount Manisa (Mount Sipylus), by the meandering Gediz River (called the Hermus River in ancient times). Due to its location on the edge of the fertile Manisa plain, agricultural produce has traditionally been the major means of support in the region. The recent development of electronics industries has diversified the city's economy. Manisa has both highway and railway connections to Izmir. The Archeological and Ethnographical Museums (founded in 1935) contain finds and cultural artifacts from the city and its environs. Celâl Bayar University (1992), named after the third president of Turkey, is the only higher education institution in Manisa. The current settlement stands on the ancient city of Magnesia. Found 6 km (4 mi) east of Manisa, a 13th-century BC rock carving of Cybele, the ancient Mother of the Gods, is considered evidence of Phrygian or Hittite presence in the area. Held by Persians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Crusaders, and then Seljuk Turks, Manisa was captured by Ottomans in AD 1405. Manisa became a provincial capital in the newly established Republic of Turkey in 1923.

    Fondest memory: SARD(Sardis)

    Sardis, or Sardes, was the capital of the Lydians, a powerful and ancient anatolian civilization in the antiquity who were the inventors of coins as a means of exchange instead of goods. Located on the fertile Meander plains, known as Salihli today, Sardis was a famous centre for trade.

    The city suffered a Cimmerian attack in 652 B.C. The Central Asian tribe of Cimmerians literally pulled the city to the ground during the reign of the first Lydian king Gyges. The city survived the onslaught and continued to be indipendendent for centuries. The most famous king of Sardis was hawk king Croesus (561-546 B.C.). Heredotus depicts Croesus' court as a brilliant place visited by all the wise men of Greece. During his reign the wealth of Lydia reached to its peak and the royal treasury in Sardis was filled to its brim with gold. Croesus later became the centre figure of many myths.

    Wealth also made the Lydians careless in matters of defence, which weakened with an army consisting only of mercenary soldiers. This was a mistake the Lydians would pay for, since the Persian invasions started and Sardis was to fall into the hand of the Persians and the city was ruled from then on by Satraps (Governor in the Persion language) who ruled the western part of Asia Minor in the name of Darius.

    In 498, the subdued Ionian cities in wetsern Asia Minor took part in an uprising under the leadership of Aristagoras of Miletus, receiving considerable military and financial help from Athens and Erethria. The uprise lead to the destruction of Sardis by fire at the hands of the rebels and this incident was seen by many historians, starting with Herodotus, as the primary cause of the Persian Wars.

    Two hundred years later, in the second Century B.C. the city, whose glory faded after the fire, fell into the hands of the Romans and, later in the 7th A.D., into the hands of the Byzanthines. The final conquerors of the region (not the city, which was by that time nothing but deserted ruins) were the Turks in the 14th Century.

    Although razed down several times, the city still has some remnants standing. Some of the remnants are the castle of Antiochos III., a Roman Gymnasium with a two storey columned facade, baths, a cemetery from the Hellenistic period, and several stunning frescoes and mosaics. The excavations on the site have started recently and are continuing. It may be that you might not be able to see Sardis closely because of ongoing expeditions.

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