Mardin Ili Local Customs
Suriani Christians consider the Tur Abdin region their homeland, and Midyat their capital. It is in fact the last stretch of land they claim from vast domains that were once dominated by adherents of the Syriac Orthodox (or Suriani) Church, namely all of Greater Syria, extending from Gaza to Diyarbakir, and from Antioch to Damascus. Byzantine rule...more
For the past several centuries, the Suriani were generally accepted by the greater powers as Christian Arabs, one of many Arab-speaking Christian communities that continue to exist in the Middle East today. Because of where borders were drawn (erroneously many claim), the Syriacs in the Tur Abdin accidentally ended up as Turkish citizens after the...more
Much like the Armenians of Turkey, the Suriani suffered terribly in WWI (whether one calls it genocide or not) when most of the Syriac Orthodox Christian population of the Tur Abdin and surrounding towns either perished or was forced out. Many of the descendants of the survivors of that period are now in modern Syria, where they were welcomed and...more
The Suriani Church, which is known in English as the Syriac Orthodox Church, is one of the oldest in Christianity, and was the dominant religion of the native population of Greater Syria and northern Mesopotamia upon the arrival of Islam in the 7th century AD. It split from the Greek Orthodox Church (known locally as the Roum Orthodox) after the...more
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