One place of Bodrum that no visitor to this great city should miss is the famous Bodrum Castle, which overlooks the harbor and the international marina.
U can shoot great photos w superb view of the whole Bodrum area ... :)
This castle was constructed by the Knights of Rhodes in the 15th century during the crusades of the middle ages and it was given the name The Castle of St. Petrus, or Petronium.
The Bodrum Castle is open to the public and it houses Bodrum’s remarkable Museum of Underwater Archaeology and also hosts several Turkish cultural festivals throughout the year.
The Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archaeology, which received a special commendation in 1995 as a European Museum of the Year, was established in the Bodrum Castle in 1964.
Initially, the restoration of the castle was the priority; later, exhibition halls were created in the available space
There are most of the time Art Festivals, Jazz Concerts, Classical Music Performances etc in and around the castle area ...
St Peter's Castle has another treasure, particularly for the lover of archaeology - the castle houses the museum of underwater archaeology and it is the centre of underwater archaeological techniques in this part of Europe.
Look at artefacts taken from wrecks in the Aegean, the mural of the development of sea trade in this area and huge ships. Some of the exhibition is contained in the old ottoman mosque which was originally a chapel in the time of the Knights of St John. The shipwrecks held here come from medieval and Roman ages as well as teh Uluburin - the oldest shipwreck ever discovered. This all makes St Peter's Castle a double treat.
The Haluk Elbe Art Gallery at the front of the Castle is named after the first Director of the museum.
Whether viewed from the land or the sea, Bodrum's famous castle is an impressive example of medieval architecture. Occupying some thirty thousand square feet at its base, construction of the castle took years to complete. In its days, the castle was a monumental symbol of the unity of Christian Europe against the ascending power of the Ottomans.
The castle is in excellent condition, it now houses a remarkable museum. The walls of the castle are studded with some 249 coats of arms. A lot of the stones used in the construction come from the tomb of king Mausolus (†353 BC). One of the Seven Wonders of the world, its massive construction survived for centuries until an earthquake brought it down in medieval times. The knights used the ruins as a quarry. While reinforcing the castle in 1522, they even discovered the funerary chamber of the king, whose treasures were quickly looted. Almost nothing remains on the site of the Mausoleum, but the frieze which decorated the castle was taken to London in the 1830s, and smaller architectural elements still remain, their white marble readily visible.
In the 15th century, the Knights of St John invaded the region (whose headquarters were on Rhodes) and began constructing the castle we see today.
In its heyday, the castle was probably manned by fifty knights and perhaps three times that many ordinary soldiers
Very enjoyable to see the castle itself, the ruins in the museum, but I mostly like to watch Bodrum from the castle.
the Bodrum castle is a very unique building since it carries the marks of more than 10 different civilisations.. leleks, maltese knights, english-german-french towers...