Foundations of the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus
St. Peter's Castle, with the underwater museum which has exhibited the glass wreck the Uluburun, an important archaeological find from the late Bronze Age and the tomb with the skeleton of Ada of Karie.
- City walls from the time of Alexander the Great, including the Myndospoort
- Greek Theatre
nuthin' much was left of the great mausoleum of mausolus - a seven wonder of the ancient world - but worth to visit if you're in the area. scattered pieces of marble in an encarpment, there's a small museum where some of relics are with marble carving from the original edifice. entrance fee is i think 5TL.
the original mausoleum is about 45 meters in height, and each of the four sides was adorned with sculptural reliefs created by each one of four Greek sculptors — Leochares, Bryaxis, Scopas of Paros and Timotheus. the finished structure was considered to be such an aesthetic triumph that Antipater of Sidon identified it as one of his Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
it's the origin of the word mausoleum - from Mausolus - the eldest son of Hecatomnus, a native Carian who became the satrap of Caria when Tissaphernes died, around 395 BC.
One of the Seven Wonders of the World stands proudly in Bodrum - I say stands but in reality it is far from being as it was when it was designed and built to keep the remains of King Mausolus secure. The building work was begun 2 years before he died and finished by his wife but we can only imagine what the full structure would have looked like. Archaeologists think the Mausoleum was 41 metres tall. When the Knights of St John came to Bodrum the Mausoleum was already falling apart (then they assisted its demise somewhat!!) and they used some of the stones in their Castle building project.
Very little remains of the Mausoleum except the reconstructed foundations and there is an exhibition area that shows mock ups/models of what the full building may have looked like. The remains are easily found by heading down Neyzen Tevfik Caddessi and half way you will see signs to turn left and then yellow signs will show you the way. There is a small entrance charge.
One of the Seven Wonders of the World.
The Mausoleum of Halikarnassus was an above-ground tomb for the ruler of Halikarnassus (Halicarnassus), Mausolus; the tomb was completed by his wife, Artemisia, in 353 BCE; Mausolus was the Persian satrap of the district of Karia (Caria) with Halikarnassus as his capitol city.
Although Mausolus was a Persian, his inclinations were decidedly Greek; he was noted for his aggressive political maneuvering and lavish spending on public works projects; he was married to his sister, Artemisia, and died in the prime of his life.
As a lasting monument to his fame and fortune, Artemisia constructed an above-ground tomb in the center of the city of Halikarnassus to house the body of her beloved husband throughout eternity; the tomb was 140 feet (43 meters) in height including the podium, the colonnade, the pyramidal roof and the chariot statue that crowned the structure.
This Mauselum was transferred completely to London and you can visit this monument in London if you want instead of its natural and local area.
It gets its name from the fact that the tomb of Mansolosiun, the King of Caria, is located here. His wife, also his sister, had the most famous architects of the day design the structure. It was almost completely destroyed in the Great Anatolian earthquake. There is a small museum here at the site of this tomb which was one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The word "mausoleum" is taken from King Mausolos' name. Many of the stones of this Mausoleum were used in the construction of Bodrum Castle. The beautiful reliefs on the grave, however, were taken to the British Museum during the excavations in the 19th century.
Not much is left of the Mausoleum of Halikarnassos. This was once one of the Seven Wonders of the World and now there is almost nothing there. It was an enormous tomb built in with marble for the ruler Mausolus (4th century BC). When the crusaders came to Bodrum they used the stones from the Mausoleum as building material for the castle. Some stories say they tore the Mausoleum down, others say earthquakes already had destroyed it. Anyway, the best friezes have been taken from the castle and are now at the British Museum in London.
Entrance fee is 4 000 000 TL.