The castle works as a museum anyway but there are some interesting separated rooms where you see several antiquities, most of them found in the Aegean sea from wrecks, an ancient shipwreck replica etc The old mosque, originally a chapel, is nice too with many artifacts from a Byzantine shipwreck. As the time passing by you will start to feel tired, the sun will always be bright (I was lucky having clouds above) so bring water with you.
Try to go to many different corners of the castle, next to some walls you see a nice view of Bodrum city, of the Marina etc I also liked some other things in some parts of the museum like an old well, an olive tree, a chair etc
The entrance fee is 10 YTL (6euro) and worth every lira of it.
The Bodrum Castle.
The construction of the Bodrum Castle was begun in 1406 by the knights of Saint Johnand was built on top of the old Turkish and Byzantine Castles and the Saint Peter. The construction of the castle continued until 1522. It is the strogest castle in the Mediterranean. It is situated prominently on the rocky Peninsula. In order to reach the inner castle,one passes through seven gates. There are five major towers in the castle wich were built by different nations one of these is the English tower( Lion Tower).
Wish is the biggest monument wich is contructed by the English outsite of England. The others are the French tower (Lace tower) The Spanish tower (Snake tower) The Italian tower (the Relief tower) and the German tower (The strong tower).
They are 249 coats of arms on the walls. These belong to the Grand Master (Magnus Magister)and his castle commanders.
Bodrum Castle was taken by the Turks on January the 5th in 1523 without a fight from the knights of Saint John afther the conquest of Rhodes.
During the knights of Saint John period, Bodrum castle probably held about 50 knights and 150 soldiers.
Whether viewed from the land or the sea, Bodrum's famous castle is an impressive example of medieval architecture.
The castle is in excellent condition, it now houses a remarkable museum (with exhibits on underwater archaeology).
Opening Hours of The Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archeology:
Between: 09:00 am 12:00 am and 02:00 pm and 07:00 pm
Closed on Mondays
There's an imposing "Trojan' horse that guards the entrance of St. Peter's Castle. It's a reconstruction that was used in a documentary in 2004.
The castle itself which was built in the 15th century is not part of the ancient history of Bodum which bears Halikarnassus as its name. But today it houses the Museum of Underwater Achaeology which showcases relics much older than the castle itself. I imagine ships plying the ancient trading routes littered with amphorae which served as vessels for the most precious commodities then. Walking within the castle's outer walls and battlement, gazing at amazing seaviews was a delight even in the summer heat. There are also gardens within the walls which offer respite, tea and welcoming shade.
A trip to the castle and museum is a must. It is a bit like a Tardis - bigger inside than it looks. We did not see the whole thing - we skipped the towers and explored the rest including the museum with thousands of years of relics to hum and ha over. Be prepared for aching legs and amazing views. Three and a half hours we were there and it was not enough. There was an elderly man in the castle grounds doing water colour paintings of the castle - we bought one, framed for 7 lira - well worth it. If you enjoy history you will enjoy all the recovered glass ware and items found in old wrecks and there are explanations of all the civilazations that ever occupied Turkey.
This castle is really one of the must see in Bodrum. I have never seen such a castle in Turkey. Most of the castles are nice from outside but there's nothing to see inside. But this really has worth seeing. I just don't have pictures so that you go and see by yourself :P
The castle was built by the Knights of Rhodes in honour of St.Peter. It used to serve as a place of refugee for all Christians on the West Coast of Asia during the time of the crusades. Later when the Turks took over Bodrum it became a prison. Nowadays the castle houses the world's largest Museum of Underwater Archaeology.
Since the 1960s there has been an archaeolgical museum at St Peters castle, in those years it has grown to become one of the best underwater archaeology museums in the world as well as rare objects and antiques connected to the castle, although i never got the chance to visit the museum, i have herd its not to be missed (now you tell me hehehehehe)
Go to Bodrum and one of the first things that will catch your eye is the castle, you can't miss it, a lot of the building was due to the knights of St John when they reconstructed the castle in the 15th century, they used reclamed materials from a mausoleum near by to build the castle which was once one of the seven wonders of the world. When it was completed the castle was occupied by around 50 knights and 200 soldiers from many european countries who protected Bodrum from attack by the Ottomans. They never did attack the castle, they chose to concentrate on Rhodes instead
The Castle defending Bodrum stands on a small peninsular between Salmakis Bay and Kumbahce Bay. An open air theatre and also the home of the Museum of Underwater Archaeology.
Well worth a visit for those into history and marine artifacts, Castles and great views over Bodrum. Nice place to visit during the afternoon heat, to cool down.
Built in 376 BC this is the remains of the first ever mausoleum. This was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and was intact for almost 19 centuries.(see well known travel guide to Turkey).
Broken up by crusaders in 1522 and used for building material. Some remains taken by Sir Charles Newton and shipped to the British Museum in London.
As you enter there is a video film about the salvage of the ship and the work to put the wreck and glass items together. How much work there must have been!
There is glass of different colours and you will see plates, cups and bottles. Even if most of the glass was in pieces there were about 80 intact glass vessels including bottles and drinking glasses.
Above the glass the cargo contained raisins (lower right corner of the picture) and sumac. Dried fruits and sumac were important Syrian exports.
Don’t be stingy but pay the extra entrance fee to see the exhibition of the Glass Wreck. It is very interesting!
The ship, which was 16 metres long and 5 metres wide with a flat bottom, sank in 1075 (1025) outside Serce Harbour. The ship came from Syria and had a cargo of three tonnes of glass.
The Museum of Underwater Archaeology is in the Castle of St Peter (Sen Piyer Kalesi) and has a fine collection of shipwrecks and items from their cargos.
In the main courtyard there is an exhibition of amphorae from different periods and areas.
In the chapel you can see artefacts from a 7th century Byzantine shipwreck found near Yassiada. There is also a reconstruction of half the ship, which you can climb.
In the Uluburun Wreck Hall you can see one of the oldest shipwrecks of the world (14th century BC) and finds from several Bronze Age Ships.
And then there is the exhibition of the Glass Wreck.
Entrance fee to the castle is 10 000 000 TL (July 2004).
To see the exhibition of the Glass Wreck you have to pay another 4 000 000 TL.
Take a walk and enjoy the environment.
When you eat out at night close to the castle you can take magnificent pictures with the enlighted castle in the background. Remember: no flash for full background ;)