The Museum of Underwater Archaeology is in the Castle of St Peter (Sen Piyer Kalesi) and has a fine collection of shipwrecks and items from their cargos.
In the main courtyard there is an exhibition of amphorae from different periods and areas.
In the chapel you can see artefacts from a 7th century Byzantine shipwreck found near Yassiada. There is also a reconstruction of half the ship, which you can climb.
In the Uluburun Wreck Hall you can see one of the oldest shipwrecks of the world (14th century BC) and finds from several Bronze Age Ships.
And then there is the exhibition of the Glass Wreck.
Entrance fee to the castle is 10 000 000 TL (July 2004).
To see the exhibition of the Glass Wreck you have to pay another 4 000 000 TL.
As you enter there is a video film about the salvage of the ship and the work to put the wreck and glass items together. How much work there must have been!
There is glass of different colours and you will see plates, cups and bottles. Even if most of the glass was in pieces there were about 80 intact glass vessels including bottles and drinking glasses.
Above the glass the cargo contained raisins (lower right corner of the picture) and sumac. Dried fruits and sumac were important Syrian exports.
Don’t be stingy but pay the extra entrance fee to see the exhibition of the Glass Wreck. It is very interesting!
The ship, which was 16 metres long and 5 metres wide with a flat bottom, sank in 1075 (1025) outside Serce Harbour. The ship came from Syria and had a cargo of three tonnes of glass.
You can't miss this prominent Castle in Bodrum's Harbour. It is built on a peninsula between two bays, but this was not always the case, originally, it was completely surrounded with water. Construction on the Castle began in 1402. This Castle was considered very important, so the Vatican sent Christians here to help with the work.
In 1409, the Papal Office, issued a decree stating that all those who helped in the construction would receive a guaranteed reservation in Heaven!!
By using materials from the Mausoleum, the 1st walls were completed in 1437.
The Castle was built to defend Bodrum, which it did, not always successfully until the end of World War 1. This was the last Christian stronghold in Antolia. In 1961, the Castle became a Museum.
It is easy to get around as there are arrows on the ground showing you which direction to go. There is also a SHORT TOUR, or a LONG TOUR TRAIL to follow.
Make sure you allow plenty of time, as I was here quite a while and didn't get to see all because of some being closed. It was disappointing that they were.
Well worth visiting, has lovely view in all directions and interesting history.
Entrance to it is on the Harbour side that leads to the Ferry Terminal.
Open daily.......... CLOSED MONDAYS
OPENING HOURS..................9 -12 & 2 - 7PM
ADMISSION IN 2009..............10 T/L
I was there on opening time, and not all the museums were open. The attendants were only just arriving!
Go to Bodrum and one of the first things that will catch your eye is the castle, you can't miss it, a lot of the building was due to the knights of St John when they reconstructed the castle in the 15th century, they used reclamed materials from a mausoleum near by to build the castle which was once one of the seven wonders of the world. When it was completed the castle was occupied by around 50 knights and 200 soldiers from many european countries who protected Bodrum from attack by the Ottomans. They never did attack the castle, they chose to concentrate on Rhodes instead
Since the 1960s there has been an archaeolgical museum at St Peters castle, in those years it has grown to become one of the best underwater archaeology museums in the world as well as rare objects and antiques connected to the castle, although i never got the chance to visit the museum, i have herd its not to be missed (now you tell me hehehehehe)
This is a super archaeological site (also home of the fworld famous underwater museum) and a very relaxing way to spend 2 or 3 hours.
The castle itself is largely preserved (with some minor additions!) and represents an example of the skill of the builders - showing Bodrum as more than a good time place. It has been home to many of Bodrum's famous sons and was even a modern day prison too. The castle is a heat trap and make sure you have a hat and some sun screen as much of the area is open to the elements. The view from the top of the castle is phenomenal and well worth the trek. The downside is that every up creates a down and the down is a rather treacherous staircase down to the dungeon area - it is steep and not easy to descend, be careful.
The castle is home to a vast array of its own wildlife including lizards and some very noisy peacocks.
There are places to buy water and other drinks while you are in there. Not much for children to see however unless they are interested in history.
Located in the S.E. corner of Bodrum Castle, this Tower is known by other names, such as "Lion Tower" and "St. Catherines Tower" Its construction was financed by contributions from England. The Tower is regarded as one of the most important, well preserved monuments to be built outside of England.
It has three stories. The bottom, used to be the Dungeons. The hall, which is reached through the northern entrance, has the Royal Coat of Arms of Henry IV of England mounted above it. Inside, there is Medieval attire and a huge table.
In modern times, sometimes a Banquet is held here. The staff dress in Medieval attire, and period music is played!
Bodrum Castle (Bodrum Kalesi), located in southwest Turkey in the city of Bodrum, was built by the Knights Hospitaller starting in 1402 as the Castle of St. Peter.
Sir Thomas Docwra was one time captain of the castle. In 1522 when faced by attack from Sultan Suleiman, the Grand Master of the Hospitallers ordered the Castle to be repaired. In desperation, the Hospitallers broke open the Mausoleum, finding all sorts of elaboratedly adorned marble blocks and carvings which they admired but nevertheless destroyed, using the debris as building material. They also discovered the sarcophagus of Mausolus, but this was stolen during the night. The Knights Hospitaller were soon defeated and driven from Bodrum. Some decorative slabs have been found in the ruins of the Castle, one slab has turned up in Genoa.
In 1846 Lord Stratford de Redeliffe, the British Ambassador to Constantinople take twelve slabs showing a combat between Greeks and Amazons. Sir Charles Newton conducted excavations and removed a number of stone lions in 1856. Presently, these are all to be found at the British Museum.
The size of the castel is 180X185 m.All the towers in the castle has a name the highest one is called French Tower and its 47.50 m high.The rest of the towers are called Italian,german,english and the tower of snakes.In the XIX siecle the castle was used as prison Under the chapel there are 14 water tanks.
THE SNAKE.... Sacred symbol of healers.
It was marked on statues of Asclepious (the God of Health) in ancient mythology. It is believed that the Snake emblem, emblazoned on the tower, marks a former place of healing. It is thought, that this Snake Tower, may have been an Infirmary, used by the Knights of the Hospital of St. John.
Inside now, it the Secret Museum, with displays of artifacts on Birth, Life & Death.
The SACRED SNAKE OF ANCIENT TIMES, Is a symbol that represents, MEDICINE, POWER, SIN, DEATH, SEXUALITY AND PRODUCTIVITY.
This exhibition located in Amphora park in the Castle grounds, displays all kinds of very old utensils that were used for storing and transporting goods. Made out of Clay, each piece has an identifiable design, this has helped Archeologists to trace trading patterns. Most of the handles are embossed with the sign of the manufacturer, such as, a Rose for Rhodian, a Crab for Coan, and so on. The Urns were used for Olives, Wine, Olive oil, Grains, and anything else that needed storage. Amazing that so many have been found in very good condition. The containers were found mostly from Shipwrecks, and a few were found on land.
The pointed bottoms were unusual. This was done so they could be closely packed and stacked in the hulls of ships, with matting between them to stop them from breaking. This design allowed a greater number to be carried on the ships, sometimes, over a 1000 pieces, thus making the vovage a very profitable one. These were some of the 1st pieces put into the museum. They were found by Bodrum sponge divers.
The Castle of St. Peter is the reason I visited Bodrum. Without a doubt the castle dominates the city and it’s really amazing seeing it from up to a hill or from down the Marina. The castle is big enough so have in mind that you are going to spend at least two hours to see every part of it. Some locals told me that there are visitors of Bodrum that don’t go inside the castle but it’s really a pity to miss it.
If you read some info you will see the construction of the castle began back in the 13th century when the medieval knights of St.John using parts of the tomb of King Mausoleus built the first part of it. The mausoleum was one the seven wonders of the ancient world. The castle occupied by knights and soldiers protected Bodrum from the Ottomans attacks.
All around the castle you will see signs about the birds/animals which lived in the castle and interesting info/legends abou them:
Ducks(one of the favorite foods of the roman period),
Crows(when Apollo informed by a white crow that Koronis loved another person cursed the crow and turned it into black!),
Pigeon(sacred animal of Aphrodite),
Owl(favorite animal of Athena),
Rooster & Hen(fav food in ancient times),
Peacock(Here had Argus's eyes placed in the tail of a peacock when Zeus killed Argus),
Lizard(Apollo Sauractanos means Lizard Killer),
Snake(god of Medicine Asklepios and his daughter Hygeia(health in greek) have snakes as their emblem),
Mouse(god Apollo Smintheus which means Mouse-scarer),
Spider(Athena transformed Arakhne(spider in greek) to a spider after Arakhne's selfsuicide because she lost the competition with Athena of who is best web master)
Fly(Hera lets a gadfly to follow Lo for revenge. Lo runs away to escape and travels all over the world)
Scorpion(Artemis turned the scorpion into a Zodiac sign and Orion into a star)
Ant(When Myrmeks(ant in greek) was proud to find the catapult of Athena's invention she transformed into an ant by her! it seems the greek Gods transformed everyone that they didnt like! :) )
The castle works as a museum anyway but there are some interesting separated rooms where you see several antiquities, most of them found in the Aegean sea from wrecks, an ancient shipwreck replica etc The old mosque, originally a chapel, is nice too with many artifacts from a Byzantine shipwreck. As the time passing by you will start to feel tired, the sun will always be bright (I was lucky having clouds above) so bring water with you.
Try to go to many different corners of the castle, next to some walls you see a nice view of Bodrum city, of the Marina etc I also liked some other things in some parts of the museum like an old well, an olive tree, a chair etc
The entrance fee is 10 YTL (6euro) and worth every lira of it.
Glass objects dating from 1400BC to 1100 AD are displayed in a small hall in the former Chapel of the Castle. On display, is glass found from Shipwrecks and Ancient sites in the region. The rare pieces are displayed in specially lit cabinets to get the best effect. It is really well done, and there are some beautiful pieces.
Whether viewed from the land or the sea, Bodrum's famous castle is an impressive example of medieval architecture.
The castle is in excellent condition, it now houses a remarkable museum (with exhibits on underwater archaeology).
Opening Hours of The Bodrum Museum of Underwater Archeology:
Between: 09:00 am 12:00 am and 02:00 pm and 07:00 pm
Closed on Mondays