During the road enlargement works in Ancient Amisos city, at Cedit quarter, it was informed on Tuesday, 28 November 1995 that a hole was seen and some researchers from the museum went there to work.
There was a tomb which had been constructed by carving the conglomerate rock layer. Its floor and ceiling walls had been stuccoed by mortar made of brick dust and lime. The dimensions of the tomb was 5-5.5 m and its height was 2.30 m. Inside the tomb, there were five graves three of which were used and two of which were vacant. It was so understood that this was a family tomb. After the skeletons in the three graves were examined, it was seen that two of them belonged to flames and one of them belonged to a male. Besides, when we examine the archaelogical remnants like jewellery (death gifts), post and pans, we think that the male grave may belong to a highlevel, administrator (like a Prince, King or Commander) of the Ponthus Kingdom and one of the graves of the females may belong to the wife (queen?) of the said person (king?) and the other grave may belong to their doughter.
We see that the jewellery are located in appropriate places (that is, the crown is on the head, necklace is on the neck and the earrings are at the level of the ear) in this tomb that is in the form of an Insitu.
Amisos had had its golden age during the Kingdom of Mithridades, VI. Ponthus King, and had become the government centre of the empire. Culture and art became widespread in this period and the most developed mints and ceramic ateliers of the ancient times were established and developed in Amisos. The richness of these graves, the quality and delicacy of the golden death gifts and the symbols used have close similarities with the shapes and symbols on the Amisos Coins minted during the period of Mithridades VI.
Amisos was founded as a coastal city at a gulf with the same name in Ponthus region in the north of Asia Minor. The city is situated between two rivers, Kýzýlýrmak River and.....? (Halys). It is on a hill at the seaside. The city, which is an open harbour, had played an important role especially in ancient times as not only does it have a close relation with its hinterland, but it is also the only useful harbour between Sinop (Sinope) and Trabzon (Trapezeus). Amisos, which had been dominated by Athens until the end of IV th century B.C., was first occupied by Persians in 370 B.C., and then by Ponthus Kingdom (IIIrd century B.C.), after Anatolia was dominated by Alexander the Great. Ponthus King, Mithridades Europator, made not only Sinop but also Samsun a royal city. The name of Amisos was often heard during the wars between Mithridades and Romans in the first century B.C. it had been surrounded by the Roman General Lucullus, and after it had fallen, it was burned by the people of Amisos. Then, Amisos was included in Roman Empire and constructed again. After this, it achieved its previous fame. During Byzantium period, it became a bishopric centre and continued to develop.
The mosaic wich can seen in the central hall was made in times of Alexander Severus (AC 222 - 235), the Rome Emperor and was restored in Byzantine Times at the end of AC 5th century. There are various mythological scenes on mosaic base made symmetrically. There is a scene in the middle related to the Troia war including Akhilleus (Brad Pitt in the movie of Troy :) ) and Thetis; there are some portraits reflecting the seasons on the panels located on each four corner of this scene; and Nereids and sea creatures are described in the rectangular panels among the seasons. Other than these figured scenes, there is a scene on a rectangular panel describing a sacrifice. The remaining parts of the above mentioned mosaic are ornamented with geometrical and plant motifs.
The Amisos treasury, which was found during digs carried out by the Museum Directorate in a grave of Amisos City, is also being exhibited in the central hall. The jewelry (crown, bracelets, necklaces, earrings, buttons, cloth ornaments, rings, etc.) which belong to a man, a woman and a female child are the most interesting works of the museum. These works that belong to the Hellenistic Period reflect the art and workmanship of those times.
The coins of Classical, Hellenistic, Rome, Byzantine, Seljuk, Ottoman and Republic periods are also being exhibited in this hall.
The works of Calcolithic, First Bronze Age, Hittite, Hellenistic and Rome periods found in Samsun and its environs are being exhibited chronologically in the hall located at right side of the central hall. Ikiztepe tumulus of Ikiztepe Village in Bafra, carry a specific importance. Bronze lance tip embossed at both sides is one of the samples that show high levels of Ikiztepe people in metal art. The skulls, which had operations that belong to the First Bronze Age and found in Ikiztepe , constitute an interesting part of the museum.
The naked athlete statue (AC 1st century copy of the original specific to BC 5th century) being exhibited in this hall is one of the most popular works of the museum.
Among the works being exhibited in the other hall, there are ethnographic works transferred to the museum from Samsun, velvets, napkins, sleeved short jackets, money and clock bags, hand script Korans, ornaments, weapons, kitchen materials, carpets, matting, etc.
At the garden of the museum, you can see the pithos, tombs, steles, milestones, various architectural works and embossments are the most popular works as well.
19th May 1919 is a quite important date for both Samsun and Turkey. Because ATATURK, founder of Modern Turkish Republic started national independence war in Samsun. Today atmosphere is still alive and celebrations are exciting and colourful. You can watch a nice program arranged by local schools at the city stadium. In addition to them, wonderful shows of Turk Stars, an acrobacy team, became another theme on that date. It is a good opportunity for seeing those succesful and brave pilots.