Rock Sites of Cappadocia, Turkey
We hired a guide who took care of us for three days in Cappadocia. He took us on several hikes through the countryside, climbing the rocks and squeezing through the underground passages. We got a lot more out of the trip with a guide than we would have without one.
Cappadocia is a unique place in the world. Nowhere else has the land formed in this way; noplace else has the incredible history. The story dates back to the Byzantine era, when Christian communities carved homes and churches out of the soft rock. They lived there for centuries, safe from invaders, partly because of the incredible underground caverns that they built.
The Cappadocia Region of Turkey, lies about in the very centre of the country. Ten million years ago, four volcanoes spewed 100-150m of lava and ash on the surrounding area. These deposits eventually hardened into a layer of soft rock, called tufa. Wind and rain over the years have sculpted the tufa into interesting shapes and towers, and man has been digging into the soft rock to find shelter inside these unusual formations. These are called troglodyte dwellings and some are still in use today. There are many overnight tours of the region that you can organize from Goreme.
Make no mistake, their are no roses here. In fact it is very dry and arid with little vegetation to speak of. However, the gorgeous pink and green colourations in the rock make up for the lack of flora. You can hike here from Goreme to Cavusin. The Kose Pansiyon in Goreme organized a guide for myself and another backpacker, since it is easy to get lost along the way. I think it is worth getting a guide because he took us into cave dwellings that we would never have found on our own.
Rain and wind, History and Geography has come together and created an art and thats Cappadocia..
Cappadocia is the area around Uçhisar, Göreme, Avanos, Ürgüp, Derinkuyu, Kaymaklý and Ihlara. Definitely an open air museum.. With Fairy chimneys, Underground cities, with churches, Chapels, Mosques, with caves, rock structures and many others..
A movie plato or a natural beaty... A charm and attraction.. Volkanic eruptions and Geological formations has created an area that is worth to see.. Believe it or nor.. it belongs to this world.
CAPPADOCIA is where geology & destiny intermingles to create one of the most awesome wonders in human history. Though well known to both tourists & locals it's really not marked on the map. Nevsehir, Kayseri and Urgup are some of the town that made up Cappadocia.
Geologically, about 30 million years ago, a now-extinct volcano erupted & covered the entire area with ash which over time turned into a layer of soft stone known as tufa. Natural elements sculpted these tufa into strange formations & shapes that resembles giant sand castles & "fairy chimneys". It is interesting to note that not only nature had a hand in the development of this area, the followers of Jesus Christ also spent most of their lives digging out monasteries & underground cities out of these tufa. Derinkuyu and Kaymakli are 2 such cities.
I've always been enchanted by the canyons & the strange formations of limestones & sandstones whenever I visited in North America. Yet, never would I have ever thought to actually see something akin to that here ... as enchanting but with an added dimension, the human's existence within these rocks! It was with a strange & awesome feeling as I walked within the confines of these rocks to discover & imagine what it was like for these followers of Christ then. It's just beyond one's imagination & wildest dream!
This jewel must be seen... A real open air museum...There's not another Cappadoccia in the world.. You'll be fascinated by monuments of the nature, which was sculpted by rain, wind and natural ways and became a wonder of the world..
There're awesome monastries in the area. Uchisar, Urgup, Goreme, Avanos these are all in Cappadoccia and well connected to eachother..
You can sleep in the nice, clean, modern designed hotels in the caves.. An incredible experience!!!
Try out Cappadoccia wine. You'll love it. ;))
The main places in Capadocia are within a triangle between Nevsehir (west), Avanos (north) and Urgup (east). Everywhere you go in this area you can see these fantastic landscapes. In Goreme (in the middle) there is a group of byzantine painted carved churches.
And a bit more to the south you can visit the subterranean cities of Kaymakli and Derinkuyu.
Over millions of years,erosion covered the land with thick layers of volcanic tufa forming rock pinnacle,which were than hewn out by man into unique,evocative monuments.What makes it strange are the twisted,billowing forms in the rocks,forming a ream landscape.
it is 5000 km area and there is two part in Cappadocia which means u need to have two full day to explore the whole area..
Go to Cappadocia and stay in a Cave room.... around a 1000 years old carved out of the solid rock (tufa - compressed volcanic ash). Go for a walk in the hillsides around Goreme and see how they lived and what they left behind.
The harsh landscape that they struggled to exist in so that they could continue their lives... and yet they were able to create beauty and a balanced life.
The town is built at the slope of a rocky hill. The hill is made of volcanic tuff and most of the houses were carved out of this soft rock formation. The houses next to the top of the hill were deserted a long time ago. The town reflects a beige earth color from a distance. The rest of the carved rock houses are used as sheds these days.
The view of the new tourist resort and the museum buildings next to the town match to the surrounding landscape. Whole area is covered with strange and unique land formations. The sudden slopes of colorful gorges, the so-called fairy chimneys, natural and human-made caves give a super-natural character to the environment.
The fairy-chimneys are in fact tall pinnacles made of tuff with a large rock sitting on the top. They were established through the geological movements and the erosion due to the atmospheric conditions.
There are a number of early Christian churches, monasteries and chapels carved out of this volcanic tuff material in the surroundings. The town is known to be the residence to the bishops, during the Middle Ages.
Go to Capadokia. Amazing caves/houses in this area. People live in caves and you can also spend a night in one. It is unbeliveable that this was done so many hundreds of years ago.
the landscape is spectacular!
This area of Turkey is a must see. The structures you see in the picture are natural formations (called Fairy Chimneys) of Tufa. The people of the area carve their homes in them, sort of like man-made caves. One of the locals that we drank Raki with said that if you have another child all you do is carve out another room!
We arrived by bus and were able to choose a hotel room from a picture in the bus depot. We stayed in a 'cave' room carved in the tufa. It cool and a welcome change to the July heat! We even needed the blanket in the room! Best sleep we had!
CAPPADOCIA ....... Millions of Years ago the ancient volcanic mountains, chief among them the noble Erciyas and the Hasan and Melendiz mountains, spread their volcanic ashes over the area.
Time beat down this ash down into a heterogenic tufa and then for thousands of years the winds blew and the rivers snaked through the lands and perphaps one of the most erosion events of all times became the geological miracle called Cappadocia.
These people of these valleys carved out hidding places for themselves, their animals and their underground cities. Early Christians used these places to hide from the persecutions of the advancing Roman Empire.
If you splurge on anything in Turkey, I would highly recommend a hot air balloon ride in the Cappadocia region.
I suggest you to rent a car. In 1 day we have seen all we needed!
Cappadocia is nice for walking, but to see the most interesting things you'll certainly need a car.