I found it difficult to find good reliable maps of Canada here in the New York State. Finally located a series by Fugawi that does a good job by taking each province individually rather than Canada as a whole. We pack one or more of these in the trunk when we go north and also pick up appropriate maps at the visitor centers.
Maybe we will have to bite the bullet and buy one of those Garmin thingamajigs (although I am a book and paper guy myself and don't trust those electronic gadgets much.)
Clothing/Shoes/Weather Gear: Coming from Western Australia, I didn't have anything particularly suited to a Canadian winter to keep me warm. I found that a good, cheap way to get myself kitted out was to do a trip round the Vancouver second hand shops. You can pick up everything from ice skates to ski jackets, and because it's all canadian stuff, it really works. It's much cheaper than buying new, and better than buying stuff at home that doesn't actually cut it when you arrive...
Luggage and bags:
Casual wear mostly
Clothing/Shoes/Weather Gear: Going in cooler weather means you must wear layers, as changed from place to place.
For the snow or rain you need non slip boots or shoes and warm clothes.
Toiletries and Medical Supplies: Plenty available everywhere
Photo Equipment: Take as much as you need and you can buy anytjhing in Canada for your camera
Miscellaneous: A smile helps everywhere
We have been using Cash Passport cards, issued by our local CAA club, for over twelve months, both in Canada and Italy, with never a problem. Also known as Visa TravelMoney, these cards are prepaid (up to $15,000) and are used like a DEBIT card through the ATM machine. Safer than cash, easier to use than travellers cheques, and not as scary as credit cards. Debit cards are linked to your bank accounts, therefore funds other than 'travel dollars' are too easily accessed in moments of weakness.
Great to give to your kids instead of the dreaded credit card.
Just our suggestion. Banks also issue them.
Luggage and bags:
Light bags always are a good bet when travelling!
Clothing/Shoes/Weather Gear: Well, it depends on the season, but eastern Canada is usually cold (most of the year), and often wet.
Toiletries and Medical Supplies: This is a civilized place, you can find most of the things you may need in shops... even in vending machines
Photo Equipment: Canada has a lot of thing to bring home, but don't forget one that can bring you back the memories: take a lot of pictures!!!!
Camping/Beach/Outdoor Gear: Worthy if you can have some camping days, so you get in touch with some of the suberb forests you find here!
Miscellaneous: Enough time to see, at least, a little part of this big country.
Luggage and bags:
Waterproof, if you're traveling in a pick-up truck, as we did. We covered everything with a tarp, weighted down with large rocks. Sure helped...I even used the tarp to lie on while wrestling with tire jacks and such.
Clothing/Shoes/Weather Gear: Hiking boots, and wind/rain proof jackets. We traveled in late August, and the weather proved windier than I had expected.
Toiletries and Medical Supplies: Mosquito dope, 'course!--if you're traveling in the summer! Lots of it! And anti-itch cream. Sun tan lotion, too, if you're planning on hiking anywhere.
Photo Equipment: A good tripod. A good macro/micro lens. Great scenery but in most places, the best shots are a bit of a hike off the highway or a climb in several spots.
Camping/Beach/Outdoor Gear: A good tent, stove and lamp--latter two with propane bottle fuel. We would have had to use ours more than once or twice, thanks to a nasty flat tire yea those many kilometres out of Eagle Plains, had this kind couple not stopped to assist.
Miscellaneous: This Aussie couple gave us a "spare" length of 4"x4" wood from a stash they had in their trailer, and we used more wood for stability as we changed a flat tire. Ever since then, I've kept spare wood in the back of my truck.
Miscellaneous: When traveling with your dogs into Canada, you must have their vaccination records with you, in particular, their rabie shot record. The little tag won't do, you have to have the written, signed certificate from the vet. Oddly enough, we were never questioned on the Canadian side, but we were questioned entering back into the US.
THE CAT - dogs are allowed, but they must remain in the vehicle and you are *not* permitted to stay with them. If you must, you may approach a ship's officer and request permission to go below and check on them. I'd suggest not feeding them prior to the crossing as the going can get pretty rough.
For 'grounded' plugs, flat blades (see previous tip), but with round grounding pin plug and receptable with side grounding contacts is used (see picture)
An adapter will allow you to plug an appliance designed for one type of outlet into another type of outlet. Despite the fact that more than a dozen different types of plugs are in use, a typical travel adapter kit usually contains about five adapters which are capable of dealing with most of the outlets shown here. Adapters often manage this versatility by bypassing the ground/earth wire.
Beware : an adapter by itself will not change the electrical voltage. You must be sure that your appliance can handle different voltages (either automatically or through a voltage switch). If it can't, you will need a voltage converter.
In case you want to bring any electrical appliances with you, here is the system Canada uses : 120 volts and 60 Hz. It is a flat blade attachment plug (see picture)
The two-blade plugs are often polarized, with one blade larger than the other. Most outlets are designed to handle these. The larger blade is the neutral side of the current. This is a safety feature intended so the plug can be inserted one way only to reduce the chance of accidental shock. If you try to plug a modern plug into an old-style receptacle for equal size blades, it won't go in unless you file down the larger blade to the older plug size.
There are so many places to explore, different provinces, different territories, different cities, towns, parks, lakes, rivers, beaches, islands and more! A map will help you familiarise yourself with the geography and you'll discover more of Canada.
The map to the left shows all the provinces, territories and major cities in Canada, but the best maps are regional maps as they have more detail.
For example, I find that if you're going to be travelling by bus or by car, you can usually follow along the map to see how many towns you have passed through, or what towns are upcoming. If it takes 2 hours to travel between towns, and the towns look very close on the map... you'll really see how vast the country is!
Of course, most travellers already know the importance of maps... and chances are, they already have maps of Canada if they're planning a big trip. But regional maps... those are the best to have, guaranteed.
Luggage and bags:
Sturdy suitcase or backpack
Clothing/Shoes/Weather Gear: USE A BACK PACK FOR KIDS ON WALKING TRAILS. CLOTHING All types depending on time of year and where you are going. In summer it is very warm even HOT in the cities, shorts and T shirt, spring cool, Jacket and sweater. winter very cold at times, Heavy winter clothing and boots,mitts scarves, wool sweaters and Parkas also ear muffs or Warm hat. The southern part of the country has much milder temperatures than the northern part so your choice is dependant on where you are going.
Toiletries and Medical Supplies: No problem available everywhere.
Photo Equipment: no problem available everywhere.
Camping/Beach/Outdoor Gear: Mosquito repellent required in May, June and July. Sun screen,light clothing such as a T shirt or halter and shorts, running shoes or sandals
Miscellaneous: Our electrical system may be different than yours so some appliances will not work such as electric razor or hair dryer. You may need and adapter.
This picture was taken in 'THE PEACE PARK' at WATERTON ALBERTA CANADA...(It is of me and my grandson DAVID on a mountain trail there.) See my Waterton page
Luggage and bags:
Waterproof luggage or back-packs.
Clothing/Shoes/Weather Gear: Warm clothing in winter--parkas ,boots, mitts,scarf,toque(hat)Summer is very warm--shorts,lightjacket,raingear,runners or good walking shoes,and of course jeans(the choice of all our locals)We rarely dress up.
Toiletries and Medical Supplies: I cannot stress more--bring bug spray-we are famous for the blackflies and mosquitoes.Do not wear perfume or hair spray while in the woods--bugs love it,bring sunscreen,personnel prescriptionsand cortisone for bug bites
Photo Equipment: We have several photo labs some 1 hour or 24 hour for developing.
Camping/Beach/Outdoor Gear: Raincoats or umbrellals,bathing suits ,sunhat,tents,portable grill,ice cooler
Miscellaneous: Most important--wear a SMILE!
The entire area north of the Prairies and the populated Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Region is an area with boral forest. This area is usually snow-covered more than half the year. The "summer", which is the frost-free period, lasts barely two months. Precipitation is light, except along the coast of Labrador due to the influence of Atlantic storms.
Going further north, above the tree-line, lies the Arctic. Here, temperatures rise above freezing only a few weeks a year. Just a meter below the vegetation that grows in summer, the ground remains permanently frozen.
The combined influence of continental air masses with air currents off the ocean give this region one of the most rugged and most variable climates anywhere in the country. In winter the temperatures can vary markedly as Arctic air is replaced by maritime air from passing storms. Snowfall in winter is relatively heavy, and fog is common in spring and early summer. I experienced a lot of fog while I was travelling in this region in June 2001, but my friends had much more luck when they were here in July, with warm temperatures and sunny skies.
The warmest month is July, when the temperatures are in the 16 to 18°C range. Only in the coastal areas the month of August is often warmer.
Temperatures in Halifax (Nova Scotia) :
Daily Maximum :
Jan : -0.3
Apr : 7.8
Jul : 21.8
Oct : 13.3
Daily Minimum :
Jan : -8.9
Apr : -0.2
Jul : 13.1
Oct : 5.2
More than half the Canadian population lives close to the Great Lakes or along the St. Lawrence River : the provinces of Ontario and Quebec. In there winter there is heavy snowfall and the summers are longer and more humid than elsewhere in Canada. Rainfall varies little year to year and is ample enough to sustain some of the best farming areas in Canada. The daily temperatures range from the mid-teens to low twenties from mid-June to mid-September. Week-long heat waves in the 30s are not uncommon. This year, 2002, it is very hot and humid in Ontario. The temperature is 30 degrees a lot of the time, but with highs to 35. But the humidity is what makes it feel much warmer. This “feel” temperature is called the humidex. The actual temperature today (halfway August) for instance is 32 degrees, but the humidex is 40 degrees. Due to the humidity it can feel like 45 degrees here. The fall season is popular due to its warm, sunny days and crisp, cool nights.
Temperatures in Toronto (Ontario) :
Daily Maximum :
Jan : -2.5
Apr : 11.5
Jul : 26.8
Oct : 14.1
Daily Minimum :
Jan : -11.1
Apr : 0.6
Jul : 14.2
Oct : 3.6
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More Regions in Canada