Historically, this is the first fort in the area. In 1605, Champlain built The Habitation after losing almost half of his men the previous winter on St. Croix Island.
After having seen Fort Louisbourg earlier in this trip, we were amazed how small this structure was. The fort is a bunch of buildings built in a square with a green space in the centre. The various interconnected buildings had room for the governor's and officers' residence on one side, the solders' quarters and kitchen, etc. on another side, storage and other buildings.
The building was protected by a wooden palisade and a platform for cannons, but it was not very good for defending. Just 7 or 8 years later, English forces from Virginia burned and destroyed the fort.
The Habitant was rebuilt according to the original plan near the original site, although there is no way to confirm this. It is believed that the land the fort was built on may have slid into the sea in the 400 years since the original fort was built as there is erosion of the shores.
We found the history lesson interesting. In school, I remember learning the history of Champlain and the "Order of Good Cheer", but I do not remember learning that the English destroyed the fort within ten years of its creation. If you are interested in seeing more photos of the inside of the fort, check out Simonneeddy's travelogue
Admission in 2004 was $3.50 per adult, or a Historic Parks pass.
I have to admit my main reason to go to Annapolis is always to stroll among this gorgeous garden. Even my husband ( who's not a big enthusiast of garden strolling , loved it) It takes a miniumum of an hour. Although they are well known for their roses there are many different themed areas to visit!!
Admission is $9.00
The Marsh area is very interesing . There's an impressive boardwalk that allows you to get up close to this important marshland area without destroying it .Some wonderful views from here . The tall reeds in the picture have been growing since the early French settlers time and were used in there houses.
Itys entertaining to take a walk through this unique liitle town . There is a mixtute of the new to the very historic. We enjoye both . There is a board walk where you can watch the very large tide , and there are lots of little shops and restaurants as well!
Canada's oldest National Historic Site, this is ususally the first stop for many when they visit the area. The earthwork fortification is quite intact, there is also 1797 British officers' quarters.
It is easy to see why this was such an important location for the French and English . There is a clear view of the surrounding waters from the banks.
When we were there , the cadets were taking a tour which somehow set the scene for us.
The Bay of Fundy has some of the highest tides in the world. That means that twice a day sea water rises - sometimes as much as 7 metres in height. To produce power, the water flows through spillways upstream for approximately 6 hours. Then the spillways are shut, and when the water drops, and flows back downstream, power is generated (for approximately 5 1/2 hours). This repeats twice a day.
This tidal generating station is a pilot project and proves that tidal power is viable. More power could be generated - but at a possible large environmental cost.
The part of the generating station that is open for public viewing is limited. Really all you see is a bunch of information boards and a model.
Entry is no cost, and the main floor serves as the local information booth.
There are several gorgeous ponds in the Historic Gardens . They are quite natural and are surrounded by many varieties of plants . I love how everything is labelled ., I have lots of notes so I can track down and hopefully buy some!!
An impressive collection of daylilies was blooming when we visited!
As you come into town and sitting to the west is the northern part of Annapolis Royal. We were able to access the area by walking across the bridge that has the Tidal Generating Plant on it. There are some nice older homes with great views of old Annapolis Royal and views of the harbor. A great walk for the hardy that are looking to get away from some of the tourists in town and see the less visited side of town
After the first Port Royal got destroyed by the British in 1613, the French decided that the original location of Port Royal was not defensible, and built a new Port Royal in Annapolis Royal in the 1630's. In 1702 the French began construction of the earthworks -- the way it looks now. Port Royal fell to the English in 1710 and changed name to Annapolis Royal, and the fort became Fort Anne in the 1800's.
A tour of Fort Anne consists of visiting the interpretive centre in the main building and walking around the site (very few buildings remain). There is a tapestry (the Fort Anne Heritage Tapestry) that is many panes long and has been completed by locals and the odd special visitor (Queen Elizabeth II who added some stitching of Queen Anne, her grandmother? on a visit one year).
We spent a couple of hours at the site. I liked wandering around the grounds and checking out access to the sea.
Cost in 2004 was $3.50 Cdn per adult or a Historic parks pass.
The Annapolis Royal Historic Gardens has many theme gardens - from an innovative garden (where they have new plants - I found some I will grow next year), to the normal themes (perenniel, rose, rock, winter, pond etc.gardens) to period gardens such as the Knot, Victorian or Governor's Gardens.
The gardens also had historical items such as the Acadian House (a reconstruction of a 1671 dwelling) and they showed how the Acadians tamed a saltwater tidal wetlands with gates, etc.
The gardens have better and worse times to visit. We visited in mid-September, and the gardens were in a pretty poor state. We were told that deer were eating flowers such as roses, and 2004 had been a poor year weather-wise. I guess we would have found more flowers in mid-summer.
Open mid May to mid October til dusk.
2005 adult admission is $8.50 Cdn.
An antique dealer from Ontario moved to this small house overlooking the Annapolis River in the 1960's. He furnished his house with antique furniture, paintings and dishes, etc. The staff at the museum guide visitors through the various rooms.
The tour would mean more if we were knowledgable about antiques. To me a Chippendales is a male dancer. In this house it was an example of mahogany (was it?) furniture.
2004 adult price was $3 Cdn.
It was surprising to find how the land around Annapolis Royal was so coveted by both the French and English. According to one source the land near Annapolis Royal has been more contested than any other site in Canada between the French and English.
The fort was first built by the Scots in 1629. During the 1630's the fort was captured by the French who added significantly to it in the 17th century. The fort was recaptured by the British in 1710 and the town was later renamed to Annapolis Royal from Port Royal. It was also surprising to learn that Annapolis Royal served as the capital of Nova Scotia for nearly forty years until the capital was moved to Halifax in 1749.
There are very few structures left on the grounds of the Fort Anne Historic Site today. However there is an interesting museum with an interesting tapestry, a good earlier model of the fort and some interesting things to see. What is just as fascinating is the gorgeous location of the fort on the Annapolis inlet and the Bay of Fundy. A great place to walk around before heading downtown to the cute little town of Annapolis Royal.
The museum and grounds are open daily 9-5:30, June-Sept.; Mon.-Fri. by appointment, rest of year. Grounds daily dawn-dusk, year-round.
Admission to the site including the museum as of 2013 is;
Adults $ 3.90
Senior $ 3.40
Youth $ 1.90