Basilica de Guadaluape, Mexico City
This is the patron saint of the country since 1737, recognised of America since 1946, and very much venerated. I was there with friends and took a peek, but not enough time it deserves.
The official religious site in Spanish
With over 20 millions visitors second only to St Peter's in the Vatican it can be very busy,.
The construction of the temple began in 1531 and was completed only in 1709. He received in 1749 the status of Collegiate Church and then in 1904 of Basilica by Pope Pius X. In 1921 a bomb hidden in a vase near the altar exploded and greatly damaged the Interior of the building. But fortunately, the tunic suffered no incident. However, the basilica was always threatening to collapse because of the very loose soil and the weight of the building and that is why it was decided the creation of a new Basilica. The new our Lady of Guadalupe was inaugurated on October 12, 1976.
The new basilica looks more like a stadium while in the old lies the statue of San Diego the first indigineous Saint in 2002. The feast of the Virgin is held on December 12 each year.
The wonderful story goes somewhat like this:
It happened the morning of December 9, 1531, when a humble and simple man named Juan Diego, made the trip between his people and the people of Tlaltelolco, to attend mass.On the way, arriving at the foot of the Hill of Tepeyac, felt that there was something special... at the Summit heard many birds singing; feeling a warm peace, he climbed the slope and to his astonishment was so he could see the image of the Blessed Virgin. He kneel before her and with immense devotion listen to what she asked him: "know and please understood, you, the smallest of my children, that I am the ever-Virgin Mary." Desire that will erect a temple here on the slope and give all my love, all my compassion. "There to hear that to my call, those who seek, that in my trust".
The Virgin asked Juan Diego to see the Bishop to expose his desire. He obeyed and gave his message to the Bishop, but he was not very convinced, and asked to bring him a test.
December 12 Juan returned to see the Virgin who told him to climb to the hill and cut flowers that you will find there. This diversity of roses that would find, would be the proof that would convince the Bishop. The humble man obeyed and short few flowers fit in his cloak and took them to the Virgin who ordered him to submit them only to the Bishop.vArriving before the Bishop, Juan Diego unfurled his cloak, the Roses fell on the ground and in his cloak appeared the image of the Blessed Virgin. The Bishop saw the Prodigy kneel and recognizing God's hand. The cloak was a garment used by the simple and poor people of Mexico, hand-woven with the thread of the maguey. The roughness of the fabric was impossible that you could paint on it... According to many scientific evidence, the image of the Virgin was not painted, is reflected in inexplicable form... is truly a miracle!
Virgin measured 1 meter 43 centimeters from head to the angel who appears to her feet... Her face communicates tenderness and peace . black hair and swarthy complexion,.. .as the Mexican people. Amén.
Second only to St Peter's in Rome for its importance as a Catholic place of pilgrimage, the shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe is undoubtedly the most visited place in not only of Mexico City but in all the Americas. Watching the faithful come here, many of them making the final part of their journey on their knees in the humblest supplication -a laborious progression around and across the vast courtyard in front of the basilica - is a moving experience. When you make your visit here you do need to be aware of the reverence in which this place is held and to dress and behave with suitable decorum.
The story of how the Virgin appeared to a poor Indian boy is known and loved by all devout Mexicans and they have come in their millions in the 470 years since then to see the cloak, miraculously imprinted with the Virgin's image, that confirms the miracle and to pray at the shrine. When the original church, begun in 1521 and constantly added to and aggrandised over the succeeding centuries, became both too small and too unsafe (subsidence is part of the problem as it is at the Metropolitan Cathedral) to be used so hard, the precious image was moved to a striking new church that can accommodate 10,000. Juan Diego's cloak is positioned high on a wall where it can be seen from all points of the basilica. For a closer look, you must join the queue on a moving walkway that carries a constant stream of people along in a never-ending procession of the faithful and the curious.
A staircase in the hillside behind the old Basilica will bring you to the chapel that marks the place where Our Lady appeared to Juan Diego.
The New Modern Basilica was constructed in 1974 because the Old Basilica is sinking. A major pylon that prevents the shrine from sinking in the unstable subsoil supports the new structure and it can hold up to 10,000 people inside the building.The image of Virgin Guadalupe with the original cloak was moved to the New Basilica.
After St Peter in Vatican Rome the Basilica of Guadalupe is the most visited Catholic Church and National Shrine of Mexico. It is located at the foot of Tepajec Hill in Mexico City. It is a place visited by the pilgrims from Catholic devotees from all over the world especially on December 12th.
The Old Basilica was constructed in 1531 when Juan Diego had a vision of the Virgin Guadalupe and his original cloak remained at the Old basilica till 1974.
As it was built on the riverbank the Old Basilica gradually sinking due to excessive weight and it was too dangerous for people to worship in the building. It was closed to public till May 2000.
The New Basilica named Basilica of Saint Mary of Guadalupe was built between1974 and 1976. The image of Virgin Guadalupe with the original cloak was moved to the New Basilica.
Surrounding the Basilica of Guadalupe there are beautiful gardens like Jardin del Tepejec, numbers chapels, religious statues and museums. For me it was interesting and worth the visit.
This series of 7 churches is considered the holiest place in Mexico and sits on the site where in 1531 a local shepard had visions of the Virgin Mary. Since then the site is now a pilgrimage site and the Virgin of Guadaluape is credited with many miracles.
We came here after amorning in the ruines of Teotihuacan. First of all there are two Basilicas. One is the original Basilica and the other is the new one. There are also a fewother churches in the area. Even if you are not Catholic you should pay a visit to the Basilica. We parked in the down stairs garage area and then went into the shops that are located right there to purchase some religious items so that the priest can bless them. I purchased a beautiful crucifix and a rosary that smells like roses. It is interesting to know that church is everyday here starting at 6am at the last service is at 9pm. They have service almost every hour. We went to the gardens right next to the Basilica which are so beautiful and very well maintained. You can see the two waterfalls there that celebrate the union or joining of two cultures. Also if you go all the way up the hill past more gardens you will get to the exact place where the Virgen Mary appeared to Juan Diego.
To me, it was all very fascinating. At the top of the hill there is a church which depicts the whole story of Juan Diego and the Virgen Mary on Frescos.
The tradition of La Villa de Guadalupe (commonly known as "la Villa"), involves a miracle and an Indian saint: manifested in the apocalyptic fashion of the Virgin emblazoned in rough cloth, brought to the attention of XVI century Indians living their own end of the world, the image then fascinated Creoles, who multiplied it until it became a national phenomena in the XIX century. It was the Indian Juan Diego whose vision of Virgin Mary in 1531 started a saga of stories that aided the conversion of millions of Indians to Catholicism and became a symbol of Mexican people around the world.
The Basílica, located in the North side of the Americas Square there is a church that used to house the image of the Virgin, from the beginning of the XVII century until 1976, when the new Basilica was built following the design of architect Pedro Ramírez Vázquez. The former building, in contrast, has the features of Pedro de Arrieta's style: Baroque forms and refined ornaments that include volcanic red stone and colored tiles on the domes and bell towers.
1- the image of the virgin (from the miracle).
2- The church that house the image of the virgin until 1976
3- Me and my son in front of the new "Basilica de guadalupe" the church that houses the image of the virgin today.
4- the image of the virgin (from the miracle) in the cloth over the Mexican flag.
Located near of Tepeyac hill, north of Mexico City. The site is nearby the place where it is said Our Lady of Guadalupe appeared in front of Juan Diego. The Basilica is the most important religious building in Mexico. It houses the original tilma (or apron) of Juan Diego that shows the icon of Our Lady of Guadalupe. It is visited by several million people every year, especially around December 12, Our Lady of Guadalupe's Feast day.
La Villa de Guadalupe like many modern sanctuaries in Mexico found its origin in sacred hills and caves, however its location north of Mexico City has given it national importance.
The tradition of La Villa de Guadalupe, as it is now known, involves a miracle and an Indian saint: manifested in the apocalyptic fashion of the Virgin emblazoned in rough cloth, brought to the attention of XVI century Indians living their own end of the world, the image then fascinated Creoles, who multiplied it until it became a national phenomena in the XIX century. It was the Indian Diego whose vision of Virgin Mary in 1531 started a saga of stories that aided the conversion of millions of Indians to Catholicism and became a symbol of Mexican people around the world.
A circular modern church (the New Basilica) was built when the original one started to sink making it unsafe under the weight of the 10 million people who make the pilgrimage to her shrine every year. The Old Basilica is still open to the public. As you enter, you are greeted by a bronze statue of St. Juan Diego whose cloak is engraved with the famous image. Hanging from his left arm and pinned to the red board behind him are rosaries, letters, pictures and prayers of all kinds.
It is in an unassuming hallway of the new church though where you will find hanging the cloak of Juan Diego framed in gold. It was transferred here from the high altar to allow more people to view this sacred image without obstructing the mass. As I stared at it in awe, passing it slowly on the walkalator and almost forgetting to take a picture, I felt the hair on my arms and the back of my neck stand. I felt her presence. It easy to understand how this vision has captivated both believers and non-believers alike. I felt unworthy to be in her presence and I was humbled before it.
Go to the basilica towards the north of the city. It is where in 1531 the Blessed Virgin Mary appeared to a humble Indian, Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin on the hills of Tepayec that she wished the bishop for a church to be built in her honour. You may read more about his story on the official website www.virgendeguadalupe.org.mx or the hundreds of websites dedicated to this image of the Blessed Virgin Mary. FYI, it's the most visited pilgrimage site in the world; 20 million people (almost equal to the population of Mexico City) visit the shrine basilica every year.
Two basilicas bear the name of Our Lady of Guadalupe. The first, begun in 1531, is now the museum of the basilica., The current one, built between 1974 and 1976, is a circular building constructed in such a way as to allow maximum visibility for the Dark Virgin.
The story of the image of the Dark Virgin is an interesting one. Juan Diego was walking on December 12, 1531. Along the way, in the village of Guadalupe, the Virgin Mary appeared, speaking to him in his native Nahuatl language. She told him to build a church at the site, but when Juan Diego spoke to the Spanish bishop, the bishop did not believe him, asking for a miraculous sign. The Virgin told Juan Diego to gather flowers from a hill, even though it was winter, when no plants bloom. He found Spanish roses and presented these to the bishop. When the roses fell from his apron an icon of the Virgin remained imprinted on the cloth.
The apron containing her image has been hung in the church built on the spot through the building's various versions. The picture is of a woman with olive skin, rather than the white skin of European iconography, that appealed to both indigenous Mexicans and their mestizo descendants as one of them. Similarly, Juan Diego, was a Native and not a Spaniard. The image of Our Lady of Guadalupe has been used by advocates of indigenous rights throughout Mexico's history, most recently by the Zapatista movement.
On 9th december, 1531, young indian saw a vision of Virgin Mary. When he told told the story to the priests, they didn't belive him. But that chancged when he saw her again. Since then, thousend of pilgrims came to this place to worship Virgin Mary, who became the main patron of, first Nueva España and later Mexico.
Many pilgrims ''walk'' the last meters to the basilica on their knees.
When the old basilica became too small for all worshipers it was neccessary to build a new, bigger one. So, in the 70's this new, modern looking basilica was built right next to the old one. It can hold couple of thoussend people at once.
On this spot a few years ago, okay in 1531 to be precise, a Mexican Indian peasant fellow named Juan Diego, had a vision of the Virgin Mary. The local bishop wasn't so sure about this but when Juan saw the same woman again shortly thereafter, this time she instructed him to collect a bunch of roses which began growing in the rocky soil at his feet . When he dumped them out, his cloak had her image on it and that bishop changed his tune, fast. He had a church built here straight away, and the now holy cloth was hung up on a wall for the masses to see.