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La Villa, and the holy cloak. (2)
Then, a bigger shrine was building in 1561-1575.
In 1601-1622 a rich shrine was erected;
a newer one, much richer, in 1695-1709.
Other structures of the 17th century and 18th century connected with it are a parish church, a convent and church for Capuchin nuns, the Well Chapel, and the Hill Chapel.
About 1750 the shrine got the title of collegiate, a canonry and choir service being established. It was aggregated to St. John Lateran in 1754; and finally, in 1904 it was created a basilica.
When this Old Basilica (from 1709) became dangerous due to the sinking of its foundations, a modern structure called the New Basilica was built nearby between 1974 and 1976, designed by architect Pedro Ramírez Vásquez.
It has a circular floorplan and the original image of the Virgin is located high up on one wall, so it can be seen from any point within the building.
An empty crucifix symbolizes Christ's resurrection.
The choir is located between the altar and the churchgoers to indicate that it, too, is part of the group of the faithful.
Its seven front doors are an allusion to the seven gates of Celestial Jerusalem.
It can accommodate 10,000 worshippers at a time, which is often necessary because a mass is almost always taking place inside.
Street vendors line the winding uphill path behind the other chapels, the Plaza de las Américas (Americas Square) and main streets around the site.
Mexico is the second largest Catholic nation in the world now. Over 90 percent of Mexicans consider themselves Catholic. Waves of pilgrims flood the place year-round, but are especially thick on December 12 since 1531.
Basilica de Guadalupe is considered by many Catholics to be the holiest place in all of the Americas and it is the most visited sanctuary in Latin America.
Well, the basilica may be the second most visited shrine in all the Catholic world, second only to St. Peter's (Vatican).
Basilica de Guadalupe
One can visit the Basilica de Guadalupe and admire San Juan Diego's coat with the infamous image of the Virgin of Guadalupe. The exhibit is on the new church where one can get a quick glimpse as they stroll across the coat. I also visited the old Basilica, which used to house the coat.
Note: I visited the basilica in 2001, about a year before Juan Diego was cananised into a saint.
- Family Travel
The Basilica of the Lady of Guadeloupe
The Basilica of the Lady of Guadeloupe (La Villa de Guadeloupe) is modern and old. There are two Basilicas. The original is going to be a museum. I saw the outside and it is sinking into the ground. The new church is very large. It houses a portrait of the lady. People want to get close to the portrait so there is a moving sidewalk to take you past it.
I was there on a feast day. I saw people moving towards the church in a procession. Some of the people were on horses. The men and women had on traditional Mexican clothing.
The dedication of Mexican Catholics is moving. I saw women walking on their knees into the church. It must have been painful, but a sense of joy was on their faces.
- Family Travel
Antigua Basilica de Guadelupe
According to the legend, The Holy Virgin appeared here. It was the Indian farmer Juan Diego who saw her here at the foot of the hill, Cerro Del Tepeyac on December the 9th 1531.
And since that day his whole Indian community took the Virgin as their patroness. But even nowadays this Virgin of Guadalupe plays an important role in the religious life of most Mexicans, This Virgin is even more important then Jesus Christ. At the place where the Virgin appeared they built a church around 1566, later on around 1709 they built this Basilica.
Visit the Basilica of our Lady...
Visit the Basilica of our Lady of Guadalupe
The present church was constructed on the site of an earlier 16th-century church that was finished in 1709, the Old Basilica. When this basilica became dangerous due to the sinking of its foundations, a modern structure called the New Basilica was built nearby; the original image of the Virgin of Guadalupe is now housed in this New Basilica.
Built between 1974 and 1976, the new Basilica was designed by architect Pedro Ramirez Vasquez. It has a circular floorplan so that the image of the Virgin can be seen from any point within the building. An empty crucifix symbolizes Christ's resurrection. The choir is located between the altar and the churchgoers to indicate that it, too, is part of the group of the faithful. To the sides are the chapels of Santisimo and of Saint Joseph. Its seven front doors are an allusion to the seven gates of Celestial Jerusalem referred to by Christ.
The original miraculous cloak of Juan Diego
In the new modern Basilica is the original miraculous cloak of native Indian Juan Diego containing the original image of Our Lady of Guadalupe the Virgin that hangs behind glass above the altar.
- Road Trip
The Old Basilica is sinking
The Old Basilica was constructed in 1531 and is sinking because it was built on the riverbank and the ground is weak. It was close for so many years and its open again.
- Road Trip
The seventeenth century Spanish Baroque Chapel Pocito, the virgin has appeared four times and miraculous source of water appeared which had healing power. It was built in the eighteenth century.
- Road Trip
Basilica of Guadalupe
This modern Basilica is designed by the same architect, which designed the Museo Nacional of Antropologia. Inside this Basilica there is place for 10.000 believers.
Inside of the old Basilica
The interior of the old Basilica looks really beautifully. Personally I did more like the interior of the old Basilica then the interior of the modern one.
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