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Castillo (castle) de Chapultepec
This castillo is a bit on a hill so you have a great view on the parc.
inside this castle is the Museo Nacional de historia.
it has been the palace of emperor Maximilan.
i made1 picture inside and 1 of the guards said it was not aloud. but outside you can make pictures.
entrance 48 pesos
open tuesday - sunday 9.00 - 17.00 hour
free for mexicans on sunday
childern under 13
- Arts and Culture
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Castillo de Chapultepec & Niños Heroes Leyend
El castillo de chapultepec (Chapultepec Castle) is also famous for the history/ leyend of Los Niños Héroes (the "Boy Heroes" or "Heroic Cadets") were six teenage military cadets died defending Mexico at Mexico City's Chapultepec Castle (serving as the Mexican army's military academy) from invading U.S. forces in the 13 September 1847 Battle of Chapultepec.
Their commanders, had ordered them to fall back from Chapultepec but the cadets did not; instead, they resisted the invaders until they were killed, with popular legend maintaining that the last survivor leapt from Chapultepec Castle wrapped in the Mexican flag to prevent it from being taken by the enemy.The cadets are honored by an imposing monument at the entrance to Chapultepec Park.
The Niños Héroes were:Juan de la Barrera, Juan Escutia, Francisco Márquez, Agustín Melgar, Fernando Montes de Oca, Vicente Suárez.
- Historical Travel
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Castillo de Chapultepec (Castle of Chapultepec)
The palace started to acquire look during the Second Mexican Empire, when Mexican Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico and his wife Empress Carlota established their Imperial residence there in 1864.
The Emperor hired several European and Mexican architects, among them Julius Hofmann, Carl Kaiser, Carlos Schaffer, Eleuterio Méndez and Ramón Rodríguez Arangoity, to realize the several projects which followed a neoclassical style of architecture and rendered the palace into a more inhabitable place. Botanist Wilhelm Knechtel was in charge of creating the aereal garden located on the roof of the building. Additionally, the Emperor brought from Europe several pieces of furniture, art and many other fine household items that are still exhibited to this day.
At the time the palace was still located at the outskirts of Mexico City. Maximilian ordered the construction of a straight boulevard connecting the Imperial residence with the city centre, and naming it Paseo de la Emperatriz ("Empress' Promenade"). Following the restoration of the Republic in 1867 by President Benito Juárez and the end of the Reform War (Guerra de Reforma) the boulevard was renamed as Paseo de la Reforma.
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Netzahualcoyotl was the Aztec ruler who dedicted this park which is the largest in Mexico City. In fact Chapultepec Park is one of the biggest city parks in the world today with at least 543 acres.
There is a city zoo here, a castle, and an amusement park. There are also museums here, a lake where you can canoe and alot of open space where you can lay under tress or picnic or just relax and people watch.
We didnt spend too much time here unfortuneatley. The day we did come to relax the park was closed. We did go through the park on the Turibus one day and got a glimpse of all that this place has to offer.
Go up to the castle...
Bosque de Chapultepec could be for Mexico City, what the Central Park is for Manhattan... a huge green space in the middle of the city.
It has an amazing zoo (free entrance)... an old castle on top of some kind of hill... an interesting lake... some kind of roller coasters...
Like I said, the zoo is amazing... but you can't miss the castle. The views of the city from up there are quite nice, the history museum within its halls is lovely and the building’s architecture itself is worth the visit, not to mention the beautiful garden next to the main entrance.
- Museum Visits
- Historical Travel
- Castles and Palaces
Zoologico de Chapultepec Alfonso L. Herrera
On 6th of july 1923, about 400 years after the destruction of Tenochtitlan, the construction of the Chapultepec Zoo began. For Mexicans, opening a zoological garden does have double significance, as zoos find there place in pre-hispanic Aztec history as well as they open a new door to education and getting to know how to respect mother nature.
The zoo counts with over 2000 animals of 200 species, divided into birds, mammals, amfibios amd reptiles.
The place in the woods of Chapultepec was chosen. Chapultepec means "Hill of the Grasshoppers" in nahuatl, the Aztec language of Mexico.
- Family Travel
Lago de Chapultepec
Many people believe that the Lago de Chapultepec is what remains of old Lago de Texcoco because Chapultepec lies on what used to be its shores, but in fact, this is an artificial lake. It was excavated in early 20th century as part of the remodeling ordered by President Porfirio Diaz. Boats have been available for hire since that time. During the months of February, March and April Swan Lake ballet has been performed on an island of this lake by the National Dance Company for the past 25 years.
There is nothing like spending a day in Chapultepec Park and the nearby museums: Museo Nacional de Antropologia, Museo de Arte Moderno, and Museo de Rufino Tamayo. The park is a nice safe-heaven from the stress of the city. The Monumento a los Niños Heroes was closed, but as a good Mexican, I entered through the side ;). "Los Niños Heroes" were a group of young military cadets that opted to jump off the roof rather then surrendering to the French Army in the 1800's. It's says that one of them jumped up high, pulled the Mexican flag, and rolled himself on it as he fell to his death on the ground below. It was certainly a heroic nationalistic effort. Anyway, on top of the hill is the infamous "Castillo de Chapultepec." It is clearly influenced by European architecture, which makes for a unique visit.
- Family Travel
Stroll around Chapultepec
This massive park is Mexico City's equivalent to New York's Central Park. You can spend hours just strolling around the place and observe the Mexican enjoying the city with their families. It's better to visit this place during the weekend, especially on a Sunday when a few are in the Sunday best.
The Chapultepec castle
Begun in 1785 atop a 200-foot-high hill in the center of Chapultepec park, it was originally used as a weekend retreat for Spanish viceroys. Upon completion in 1841, it became a military academy. It later served as the home of Maximiliano de Asburgo who, supported by the French army, was emperor of Mexico in the 1860s; after the restoration of the Republic, the castle was the residence of Mexican presidents until 1940. At present day the castle is divided in two sections: one houses the National Museum of History (wich boasts eye-catching displays, artifacts, and murals by famed Mexican painters). The other section is the Alcazar which was the portion of the castle used for habitational purposes; this area takes you back to XIXth century as it has preserved its original spaces; it also has an interesting view of the Reforma boulevard and surrounding neighborhoods.
Visit the Castle of...
Visit the Castle of Chapultepec, the National Historical Museum. The tradition of Chapultepec Castle as a residence for Mexican rulers dates back to the 14th Century when Nezahualcoyotl, the King of Texcoco, ordered a palace to built at the foot of the hill. Following the Spanish Conquest, Hernan Cortez took possession of Chapultepec as part of his spoils and it subsequently served as a hunting preserve for the Viceroy de Velasco. A French invasion altered the landscape of Chapultepec as the construction of the Imperial Palace of Maximilian von Hapsburg and the layout of a majestic avenue to connect the Castle with Mexico City went started. Plans were prepare in France to add a second floor to the principal facade of the main building, including the Fortress, and renovations went completed to convert the Castle into a regal residential palace. The Golden Age of the Castle came, however, during the government of Porfirio Diaz. The General, who, ironically, had liberated the city from the conservative forces of the Second Empire, managed to imbue Chapultepec with the ostentatious lifestyle that Maximilian and Carlotta had yearned for, and which included decorating its interior in extravagant European luxury. It was here that President Diaz had his noteworthy meeting with Creelman, the American journalist, which left the heavy ironwork doors ajar to the Revolutionary surge of 1910. In 1944, the National History Museum established in the Castle, and now you can see here the most important documents and memorabilia covering Mexico’s history from the Conquest until the Revolutionary period. You can also visit the presidential chambers in the Fortress, and a magnificent panorama of Mexico City can be see from the terraces.
More pictures and info you can find in my National Historical Museum travelogue…
El Zoológico, or the Giant Panda House.
Zoológico de Chapultepec.
This zoo is practically the heart of the old forest of Chapultepec, because it has delighted to a good number of generations since Aztec Emperor Moctezuma before the Spanish conquest.
The zoo takes the name of the biologist Alfonso L. Herrera who had the initiative of his modern creation and its construction began in 1923 from a model inspired by the Rome zoo.
A few years ago the zoo has undergone a long-awaited landscaping, many people worked in it to provide a more natural and worthy habitat to the animals.
At the moment it exhibits around 200 species and near 2,000 animals and the enclosures are now as modern as anywhere in the world.
The zoo boasts the first panda born in captivity in the world and retains the distinction of being the only place outside China to have successfully born and bred Giant Pandas (at least naturally, several others now have test-tube pandas).
Fuente de Tláloc, and the serpents.
Fuente de Tláloc.
Just a really beautiful fountain.
It was designed and supervised in its construction (1952) by the painter Diego Rivera, after concluding 'El agua, origen de la vida' (The water, origin of the life).
The fountain consists of a bas-relief in mosaic tiles of natural colored stones, that represent Tláloc (Aztec rain and water god) leaving waters.
The best point to appreciate its beauty is being placed to ten meters height or more.
How do that?
I want to kwow too...
There are other fountains, constructed after the one of Tláloc and inaugurated latter, in 1964, on the perimeter of the tanks of water storage of the Lerma system, and well-known like 'Fuentes de las Serpientes' (Fountains of the serpents), because of its serpents shapes.
These 'serpents' are the ventilation chimneys of four great cisterns in which originating potable water of the same system was stored.
For hundreds of years Chapultepec has been a focal point in this city of such tremendous population growth that an airy expanse of green is very good to see
The Chapultepec Park
This beautiful park supplies a vital area of green in this polluted city. It is surrounded by a centuries-old forest and hosted numerous activities. It includes the Castilo de Chapultepec and the National Historical museum near its summit, important cultural centers including world-class museums (as the Museum of Anthropology), amusement parks, a zoo and lakes, and is crisscrossed by access routes. These routes are most used by hordes of visitors and vendors.
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