Of the various seasonal waterfalls, the best known is the Árbol de Navidad (Christmas Tree). The “branches” of the Árbol are made by deposits from the waterfall which have are then covered in moss.
During the rainy season, when the waterfall is active, the water and the light changes the colors of the “branches” and makes the formation stand out more.
You can watch my 5 min 32 sec Video Sumidero Canyon part 2 out of my Youtube channel or here on VT.
You can watch my photo of El Sumidero on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 16° 51' 59.29" N 93° 6' 18.51" W or on my Google Earth Panoramio Christmas Tree Falls.
The walls of the canyon contain small caves, rock formations and other notable features. The best known of the area’s caves is the Cueva de Colores (Cave of Colors). This cave gets its name from the filtration of magnesium, potassium and other minerals which form colors on the walls, especially shades of pink.
It contains an image of the Virgin of Guadalupe inside usually surrounded by fresh flowers and burning candles left by visitors. The Cueva de Silencio (Cave of Silence) is named such because of a lack of echo or any other kind of resonance in its interior.
You can watch my photo of El Sumidero on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 16° 50' 32.94" N 93° 6' 18.51" W or on my Google Earth Panoramio Cueva de Colores.
Birds are the most common type of animal in the park with about 195 species documented. Six of these species are threatened and seventeen are subject to special protection. One threatened bird species in the park if the great Curassow (Crax rubra). Relatively abundant species include Actitus macularia, Dendrocygna autumnalis, Egretta caerulea, Egretta thula, Tachybaptus dominicus and Coragyps atratus, all of which are associated with bodies of water.
I was lucky to watch a lot of American Griffons.
You can watch my photo of El Sumidero on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 16° 47' 10.63" N 93° 3' 47.72" W or on my Google Earth Panoramio American Griffons.
There is plenty of wildlife in the Sumidero Canyon, such as this crocodile. According to a CONANP study in 2007, there are twelve species of reptile here under protection, including the river crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) and one threatened species, the Coleonyx elegans. The American crocodiles can be seen on the riverbanks.
You can watch my photo of El Sumidero on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 16° 46' 59.38" N 93° 3' 36.28" W or on my Google Earth Panoramio American crocodile.
During the trip along the Grijalva River by boat we made several stops to watch wildlife in the Sumidero Canyon National Park. Among them were Spider Monkeys.
There have been fifty three species of mammals detected recently in the park, of which two are considered to be threatened, two in danger and two subject to special protection.
Endangered and threatened species include the spider monkey (Ateles geoffroyi), jaguarondi, the ocelot, the lowland paca, the white-tailed deer, the anteater (Tamandua tetradactyla) and the buzzard (Sarcorhampus papa). The most abundant species include the bat Artibeus jamaicensis and the rat peromyscus mexicanus.
The canyon/park is the second most important tourist site in Chiapas, drawing mostly Mexican visitors who see the canyon by boats which leave from Chiapa de Corzo.
There are boat tours (US$10 pp, 9 a.m.–4 p.m. daily). Boats leave when they are full (12–16 people); afternoon trips are especially beautiful, but you’ll have less waiting time if you arrive between 9 a.m. and noon, especially in the low season.
The boat takes a little over an hour to reach the dam, with stops and explanations along the way, including at the canyon wall’s highest spot (1,000 m/0.6 mi) and various cave and rock formations, plus a beautiful mist-blown waterfall known as árbol de navidad (Christmas tree) for the lush triangle of moss and vegetation clinging to the wall beneath it.
You can also visit Cañón del Sumidero from above (unfortunately I hadn’t such an opportunity). Catch a trolley (US$7.50 pp, 9 a.m. and 1 p.m. Sat.–Sun., daily during holidays) from Parque Marimba in Tuxtla Gutiérrez for a three-hour trip along the western rim of the canyon, stopping at five miradores (lookout points) for stomach-lurching views of the canyon and river below. You can also drive the route yourself; it’s part of the national park, so there’s an entrance fee of US$2 per car.
You can watch my photo of El Sumidero on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 16° 44' 23.02" N 93° 1' 53.55" W or on my Google Earth Panoramio Boat trip.
Surrounding the canyon is the Sumidero Canyon National Park, which extends for about 22,000 hectares over four municipalities of the state of Chiapas. Most of the vegetation of this park is low to medium height deciduous rainforest, with small areas of pine/oak trees and grassland.
However, much of these forests have been overexploited with the loss of wildlife. Wildlife includes river crocodiles, coral snakes, heloderma, iguanas, opossums and skunks.
Since the federal park was established in the 1980s, wildlife diversity has increased.
The park was a candidate in 2009 as one of the Seven New Natural Wonders of the World.
You can watch my photo of El Sumidero on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 16° 52' 11.71" N 93° 6' 16.65" W or on my Google Earth Panoramio Sumidero Canyon National Park.
At the north end of the canyon is the Chicoasén Dam, one of several on the Grijalva River and important for water storage and the generation of hydroelectricity.
The Grijalva is the main water system in the area, beginning in the Cuchumatanes in Guatemala. The river then flows through Chiapas, including the thirteen km length of the canyon from south to north then onto Tabasco before it empties into the Usumacinta River.
This river basin is one of the two most important in Chiapas, and one of the most important in Mexico with a total river length of about 800 km, draining an area of about 8,000 km2, with an average flow of about forty million cubic meters.
You can watch my photo of El Sumidero on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 16 44' 20.21" N 93° 2' 2.66" W or on my Google Earth Panoramio Grijalva River.
Sumidero Canyon is a narrow and deep canyon surrounded by a national park located just north of the city of Tuxtla Gutierrez in the Mexican state of Chiapas.
The canyon's creation began around the same time as the Grand Canyon in the U.S. by a crack in the area's crust and erosion by the Grijalva River, which still runs through it.
The canyon has vertical walls which reach as high as 1000 meters, with the river turning up to ninety degrees during the thirteen kilometers that the narrow passage runs.
There is a popular belief that the Chiapanecs threw themselves to their deaths off the cliffs of the Sumidero Canyon in despair over their loss to the Spanish army led by Diego Mazariegos in the late 1520's or early 30's.
You can watch my 4 min 24 sec Video Canyon Sumidero part 1 out of my Youtube channel or here on VT.
You can watch my photo of El Sumidero on the Google Earth according to the following coordinates 16 52' 1.65" N 93 6' 24.07" W or on my Google Earth Panoramio Sumidero Canyon.
Favorite thing: On our way through canyon, our boatdriver told us, that some centurys ago, when spaniards started to invade these lands, 50.000 Indians made mass-suicide by throwing themselfs into the canyon from the cliffs, rather than live in slavery.
23km,north of tuxtla.
one of the most amazing mexican canyons.(see also el divisadero,in my los mochis page)
at the bottom (1000meters!) chiapa river,enclosed by cliffs with impenetrable vegetation....
Fondest memory: you can visit the canyon on a boat,leaving from chiapa de corso,a village 17km on the road to san cristobal.
ask to go to "el arbol de navidad":vegetation,crocodiles and caves...