Fort Morgan Travel Guide

  • Panama Mount
    Panama Mount
    by Basaic
  • Canons
    Canons
    by Basaic
  • The Citadel
    The Citadel
    by Basaic

Fort Morgan Things to Do

  • Sally Port

    The entrance into the interior of the fort is gained through a doorway called a Sally Port. Sally Ports frequently have intricate designs that set them apart from the utilitarian design of the fort itself. The date the fort is commissioned is usually placed over the Sally Port. This is a fine example of a Sally Port.

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  • Museum

    Across from the entrance to the fort is a nice museum with several displays showing the history of the fort and the area.

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  • Canons and Guns

    Around the fort are displays showing the different types of canons and guns used through the years at the fort.

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  • 17 Torpedo Casement

    This is where they would observe the mined area of the bay and set them off when enemy ships approached.

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  • 15 Battery Thomas

    This battery was built in 1899 and house two 4.7 inch quick-fire guns. The battery overlooked the part of the bay where mines were usually emplaced and prevented mine-sweeping ships from clearing the mines.

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  • 14 Hothouse Furnace

    The building in the right foreground is the hothouse furnace. The cannonballs were heated in here until they were red hot. This meant that when they hit wooden ships they not only damaged the ship but set them on fire. This practice discontinued when metal ships were built.

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  • 13 Lighthouse Battery

    This battery got its name because there used to be a lighthouse mounted in the center. This emplacement was built in 1843.

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  • 12 Flank Casement

    These flank casements are placed so that a heavy concentration of fire can be brought on any enemy soldiers attempting to cross the ditch and gain entrance to the fort.

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  • 11 Bastion

    These gun emplacements are mounted on what is called a bastion. A bastion is a projecting corner of a fort shaped to allow more gun emplacements and a heavier concentration of fire.

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  • 9 Battery Duportail

    This concrete gun emplacement was installed during the upgrades between 1898 and 1899. It housed two 12-inch, breech-loading "disappearing Rifles". The gun used 268 pounds of explosive to fire a 1046-pound shell 8 1/2 miles.

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  • 8 Citadel

    This is all that remains of the ten sided barracks known as the Citadel, which was destroyed during the siege in 1864.

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  • 6 Powder Magazines

    These rooms stored the large amounts of black powder required by the fort. The fort had two magazines originally but a third was added in 1870. In 1864 the fort had 60,000 pounds of black powder stored here.

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  • 5 Casements

    These arched rooms were to protect the gun positions but there were rarely any canon mounted here. They were mainly used for the storage of food and other supplies.

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  • 3 The Ditch

    Fort Morgan had what was called a dry moat but it served the same purpose as a regular moat; making it more difficult for the enemy to gain access to the inside of the fort. There were firing positions built into the bastions from where the soldiers could fire on any enemy trying to cross the dry moat.

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  • 1 Entrance

    The cleared ground sloping up to the fort walls is called a Glacis. It helped protect the fort, and its occupants, from gunfire. You will normally see seven flags on display near the entrance representing the groups that controlled the area: France, Great Britain, Spain, the United States, the Alabama Militia, the Confederacy, and the state of...

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  • Historic Information

    There was a guide to the fort, which had numbered stations on it. The first photo shows the back of one of the number signs. The fifth photo has station number 8 and the sign at that station is photo #2. That sign says: "The Citadel (1821 - 1865) The Citadel a large ten sided brick and wood structure, once dominated the Fort's parade ground....

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  • Fort Morgan State Park

    I saw some folks coming down the stairs from the top section of the fort, so I climbed up. It was still foggy, so I couldn't see much. The fort had numbered information points, and I discovered that I was going backwards from at Battery Schenck (1899-1923) and Battery Thomas When I was high up on the walls, I could see the beach in front of the...

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  • Visitors Center Museum

    The Visitor's Center had some exhibits on the various local lighthouses including two fresnel lenses one of which was the 2nd order lens from Sand Island Light which was taken out an buried during the Civil War. The keeper's quarters were washed away during the hurricane of 1906 drowning the keeper and his wife. The other lighthouse - Mobile Bay...

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Fort Morgan Transportation

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    by grandmaR Updated Jun 18, 2006

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    There is a ferry that operates between Fort Morgan and Dauphin Island on the other side of the bay. When we visited Fort Morgan, it was not yet back in operation after the hurricanes of 2005, although the pier looked like it had been reconstructed. The ferry was running when we visited Dauphin Island in March. It seemed like the ferry would have to dodge the offshore oil platforms. There was a small area with soft drink machines, and I think there was also a bathroom somewhere near the dock.

    State Highway 59 (running North and South) in Gulf Shores intersects with State Road 182, he which runs to the West. The common name is West Fort Morgan Road. From this intersection to the end of the Fort Morgan peninsula and the ferry landing is approx. 25 miles. The landing is located on the Fort Morgan Historic site. Note: State Road 59 may be accessed from I-10 at Exit 44, proceed South thru Loxley, AL., to Gulf Shore

    One Way Ticket Prices (note - no plastic - only cash)

    Autos, Pickup Trucks & Vans with one driver $14.00
    Motor Homes with one driver $29.00
    Motorcycles with one rider $ 6.00
    * Each additional passenger per vehicles $ 4.00
    *All trailers or boats, add $10.00
    * Children under 12 Free

    Round Trip Tickets Auto $25.00
    Motor homes $50.00

    Pedestrian Charges - Walkon Adults $ 5.00

    Related to:
    • Cruise
    • Road Trip
    • Sailing and Boating

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Fort Morgan Warnings and Dangers

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    by grandmaR Updated Aug 27, 2006

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    The Gulf Island National Seashore (which includes Fort Pickens, and Fort Barrancas rules for visiting Historic Forts

    "Climbing is unsafe and may damage historic artifacts that cannot be replaced. Please keep off mounds and the cannon at the forts. Watch your step. Many surfaces are uneven and some areas of the forts are slippery and damp especially in the rain. Some of the stairways have no handrails, so stay close to the wall when climbing the stairs. There are no electric lights in some areas. They may be dark and dangerous... "

    But while Bob was still reading the signs in the museum, I went out and saw a family all climbing on a big cannon for a picture. There were no signs prohibiting this although there are in most of the federal parks like Fort Sumter.

    Fort Vancouver NP has the following rules:
    · Do not allow children to climb on the cannons... Serious injury has resulted.
    · Accompany children to the Bastion. Its upper levels are a dangerous place for horse-play.
    · Do not allow running at the Fort. The ground is uneven and hard objects protrude from the surface

    Fort McHenry warns teachers to take groups:

    High walls, numerous cannon, and sloped, unmowed earthworks are potentially dangerous if climbed on.
    Chaperones and leaders are reminded to stay with their groups at all times and enforce safety rules.
    While visiting the Star Fort, please keep your groups on the brick walkways and please observe the following safety regulations:
    • No climbing on cannons, walls, and earthworks
    • No horseplay and running in and around the fort
    • No jumping off walls
    Thank you for your help in protecting the park and yourself.

    Fort Stanwix NM
    Visitation Rules

    1. Please do not run in the fort because it is easy to fall and get hurt.
    2. Please do not sit or climb on the cannons. They are periodically fired, and we need your help to keep them in good shape.
    3. Splinters aren't good souvenirs to take home with you. Please avoid rubbing your hands on the wooden barracks.

    Related to:
    • National/State Park
    • Historical Travel
    • Family Travel

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Fort Morgan Off The Beaten Path

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    by Wheatenkid Written Apr 27, 2006

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    Park on the Gulf of Mexico access road, turning left at the first gatehouse. Walk across HWY 180 and onto the Fort wall back to Mobile Bay. It is a spectacular view, and usually deserted.

    Related to:
    • Family Travel

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Fort Morgan Favorites

  • Fort Morgan

    Fort Morgan was established in 1834 at the mouth of Mobile Bay. The fort was named for Revolutionary War hero Daniel Morgan. Many regard Fort Morgan as one of the "finest examples of military architecture in the New World." Fort Morgan is at the tip of Mobile Point at the western end of Alabama Highway 180. It and Dauphin Island, on which Fort...

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  • Fog

    In the dense fog, it was almost like you are looking back through the mists of time to when Admiral Farragut was steaming into Mobile Bay with his warships.When the fog lifted a little bit, the setting sun bathed everything in a golden light (last two pictures). Unfortunately it was still too foggy to see the lighthouse on Sand Island. I saw it...

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  • Lighthouse Information

    The Mobile Point lighthouse is on the edge of Fort Morgan. The first structure which was a 40 foot brick tower was completed in 1822. A soldier from the fort was assigned to tend the light but the military proved to be inefficient lighthouse keepers. Although the light could be seen for 10 miles, the reefs were also 10 miles offshore. When the Sand...

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