The Dexter Avenue Baptist Church was organized in 1877 and the present building was built in 1885. It was the second Baptist Church in Montgomery. What really brought this small church out of obscurity, though, was the pastor who served here from 1954 to 1960; Reverand Martin Luther King, Jr. The Montgomery Bus Boycott was organized here as were some of the other early events in the fight for civil rights. The building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
There is a variation of the peace pole on the church grounds. "Peace Poles" are on display at many locations around the world to promote peace and tolerance for all.
This beautiful church was completed in 1896 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It has long been an important part of all aspects of life in the community, and is a neat looking building.
The Winters Building was built in 1841 to house the Montgomery Branch of the Bank of St. Mary’s. It was from the telegraph office in this building that the telegram authorizing firing on Fort Sumter was sent. This began the Civil War. The building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
This house was built in 1855 and was the home of former Alabama Governor Thomas Goode Jones who served from 1890 to 1894. He was a noted jurist as was his son. They founded a law school in the rear of the house. The house is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
There are three houses associated with businessman John Dowe in the old part of town by the downtown area. These houses represent the style of houses popular when they were built around the Civil War timeframe.
Court Square was historically the center of the business life of Montgomery. The best hotels and businesses were all nearby and the state capitol building was a straight shot down Dexter Avenue. Today there are still some businesses here along with a few museums and restaurants. The center of Court Square is the fountain, which when I visited was gecorated in pink in honor of the fight against breast cancer.
To me though, the most interesting building around Old Town Alabama was the Lucas’ Tavern. This hotel was built prior to 1818 and in 1821 came into possession of Walter and Eliza Lucas who improved the building into a popular tavern and inn. On 2 April 1825, the tavern was visited by Marquis Lafayette and his entourage.
The Ordeman-Shaw House was built by architect Charles Ordeman in 1853 using the very popular Italianate style of architecture. Ordeman designed the house as a showcase of modern style (for the time). One feature was what was possibly the first indoor bathroom in the city. Today the Ordeman House is open as a museum and is associated with Old Town Alabama.
Old Town Alabama is six blocks of authentic 19th and early 20th Century buildings set up like a small village. There are also people on hand in period costumes to answer questions. They offer organized and self-guided tours. Hours are 9 AM to 4 PM Monday through Saturday. Admission is $10 for adults, $9 for AAA, Seniors and Military, $5 for kids 6 to 18 and under 5 are free. Admission to Old Alabama Town includes admission to the nearby Ordeman House.
Located near the state capitol building is the First Whitehouse of the Confederacy. This was the official residence of President Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America. The capital of the Confederacy moved to Richmond, Virginia in May 1861. The house was built in 1835 for William Sayre using the Italianate Style of architecture. The house later became the official residence of the Confederate President. The house was originally located at the corner of Lee and Bibb Streets but was moved to the present location in 1921. The home is furnished with period pieces and quite a few that actually belonged to Davis. The museum is open 8 AM to 4:30 PM Monday through Friday, and 9 AM to 4 PM on Saturday. Admission, which includes a guided tour by a nice guy in period costume, is free. The building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
I have more photos if anyone is interested.
This museum falls under Troy State University and preserves information and artifacts about Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott that began on 1 December 1955 when Mrs. Rosa Parks got on a public bus and refused to give up her seat to whites boarding after her. She was subsequently arrested, convicted and fines by the courts. The bus boycott began on 5 December 1955 and continued until the U. S. Supreme Court ordered the buses desegragated one year later. In addition to the museum, there are several historical markers around the town designating sites important to this histic event. The boycott involved Dr. Martin Luther King and is considered the beginings of the modern Civil Rights Movement.
The Civil Rights Memorial in Montgomery pays tribute to those who fought, and in some cases died, for the cause of equality amongst all citizens of the United States. The timeframe covered begins with the 1954 Brown vs Board of Education and continues through the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King in 1968. The memorial itself was designed by Maya Lin who also designed the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C.. The Civil Rights Memorial Center is colocated with the memorial and provides multi-media educational programs, and falls under the Southern Poverty Law Center. Many sites in Montgomery linked to the struggle for civil rights are located nearby.
There are quite a few other government buildings near the capitol building that are of historical and/or architectural interest. They make good photo ops. The building in Photo 1 was a part of the Starke University for 80 years. Photo 3 is a stark reminder of homicide victims in the state.
There is also a statue of John Allan Wyeth on the capitol grounds. Wyeth was a soldier and a surgeon in the Confederate Army. After the war he started a medical school and a surgical teaching school in New York City.
One of the statues on the grounds of the Alabama State Capitol Building is of Albert L. Patterson, who was a soldier, teacher, attorney, state senator and was elected as Alabama Attorney General. Patterson was assassinated in Phenix City, Alabama on 18 June 1954. Phenix City had quite the reputation as a lawless town in the 1950s.
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