There are also the ruins of Santa Ana de Quiburi an old Spanish Visita and a Sobaipuris Indian Village near the Fairbank Facility. Father Eusebio Kino made contact with the Sobaipuris here in the late 1690s. Chief Cobo, who became friends with Kino had an adobe house built for the missionary in 1697. The Sobapuris moved away from the area so Father Kino did not propose the building of an actual mission until 1709. Common belief has this area listed as a visita, however, until at least 1711. The location is restricted and the general public is not allowed to go there. Academics can make special arrangements to see it. These photos are from an Internet website.
The 7th Stop along the route discusses the bastions. The bastions were large square structures placed at the corners of the fort. This is where the heavy cannons were mounted. This design, which was very successful in Europe, proved to be nearly useless against the tactics used by the Apaches in the area.
The 5th Stop along the route discusses the Jacal Structures. A Jacal Structure was one made of mud and sticks that housed some of the settlers living in the fort. The 2nd photo shows the foundations for the buildings.
As the sign indicates the trail to the remains of the presidio is about 1/2 mile round trip from where the trail to the Contention Mill Site separates (about 1.5 miles from the parking area). The trail is easy to distinguish and is marked along the way with signs showing how much farther you have to go.
After touring the main area of Fairbank, you can drive about 1 mile west, turn on In Balance Ranch Road and drive up to the parking area for the Presidio Santa Cruz de Terrenate. The Presidio Santa Cruz de Terrenate was established in 1775 when Francisco Tovar, and a company of 56 men, 352 horses and 51 mules marched north from Bonora, Mexico. Not much remains of the presidio today; but you can see the remains and learn how it looked when it was still functioning. The walk to the remains also features informative signs about the plants native to the area (see my tips for details).
The trail loops around and part of it follows the San Pedro River and the old railroad bed. There is also a short branch trail that leads directly to the river. These photos were taken at the end of that branch trail. The river is very muddy because it is the end of the monsoon season and water has rushed down the mountains and canyons stirring up the riverbottom.
There are signs directing you to the main attractions at the Fairbank site. There are two main trails leading from the main Fairbank Townsite. One leads to the Fairbank Cemetery and the Grand Central Mill. The second trail leads along the San Pedro River and the old railroad bed.
The curent schoolhouse building was constructed in 1920 to replace a wooden one that burned down. It served as a school until 1944. There is a small museum and a gift shop also located in the building.
Your first stop at Fairbank should be the Visitor's Center located in the Old Schoolhouse on the North side of State Highway 82. The center offers maps of the site, a variety of brochures and houses a small museum. You can also buy water there for your hike in the desert. The park is open daily from around sunrise to dusk. The Visitor's Center is open from 9:30 AM to 4:30 PM on Friday, Saturday and Sunday.
The route to the presidio also leads you near the San Pedro River. Here you are on the opposite side of the river from the main Fairbank Site.
There are a few places along the route where there are memorials to the soldiers and civilians killed at the fort.
Unlike the trails at the main Fairbank Site. This trail actually has a bench you can sit on to rest. There is, however, still no shade.
Another plant identified along the route is Atriplex Canescens, which is another plant used for a medicinal tea.
One of the plants identified along the trail is the Acacia Constricta which is used as a medicinal tea.
The 8th Stop along the route is the Commandant's Quarters. Notice how the place where the head officer lived is also one of the few visible remains?