I hiked the Nature Trail which is a .5 mile loop and the Calloway Trail which is .7 miles each way. I did not take the trails to the top of the peak because it had been a long weekend alreday and I had no gloves. The Calloway Trail is steep in some parts but is not too difficult. It leads to a nice view feom the ridge; and there are great views of the paek along the way.
The nature trail also offers educational information about other desert plants like: Lichen which is a combination of a fungus and algae that grows into the slightest cracks in a rock breaking it down into the soil essential for other plants to grow in; the Littleleaf Palo Verde which is the state tree of Arizona and is essential for protecting young Saguaro Cacti which grow beneath the trees; and a bush called the Mormon Tea Bush which has several medicinal uses.
Picacho Peak State Park has a number of fine examples of different cacti native to the Sonorran Desert. The nature trail has good information about these differnt ypes of cacti and is very educational.
On 15 April 1862, the most significant battle of the civil war fought in Arizona occured right here in view of Picacho Peak. Ten Confederate Cavalrymen defended Picacho Pass against 13 Union Soldiers resulting in 3 Union Soldiers killed and 3 wounded.
In the springtime the desert comes alive with the slightest bit of rain. Here you see some of the cacti budding and sprouting with flowers.
There is a monument to the soldiers killed during the Battle of Picacho Pass near the entrance to the park.
Picacho Peak State Park has an ampitheater where the rangers and other guests provide educational programs about the area and the Sonorran Desert.
Picacho Peak State Park has several nice picnic sites throughout the park. They have grills set up so you can cook your food.