Tuzigoot National Monument Travel Guide

  • Museum artifacts.
    Museum artifacts.
    by razorbacker
  • Tuzigoot National Monument.
    Tuzigoot National Monument.
    by razorbacker
  • View to the citadel.
    View to the citadel.
    by razorbacker

Tuzigoot National Monument Things to Do

  • Tuzigoot - Legendary Hopi Home

    Tuzigoot National Monument is a fairly well-preserved 110-room, 2-3 story pueblo ruin built by the pre-Columbian Sinagua peoples. According to Wikipedia, "The Tuzigoot Site is an elongated complex of stone masonry rooms ... built along the spine of a natural outcrop in the Verde Valley." There were few doors in the complex. Rooms were mostly...

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  • Meet the Locals

    Of course the Sinagua are long gone but you can still meet the locals in the form of the park rangers. This is Penny. She was very friendly and had good knowledge of the area.

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  • The Mingus Mountains

    The Sinagua obtained minerals for jewelry and trade goods from the nearby Mingus Mountains. Many years after they abandoned Tuzigoot settlers came to the area and dug many mines in the mountains to obtain copper, argillite, malachite and azurite. Settlements like the nearby town of Jerome were established throughout the mountains.

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  • Repairing the Ruins

    The ruins require constant work to stabilize the walls and repair damage due to weather and other destructive forces. The rangers use a variety of more modern tools but they try to make the repairs as invisible as possible.

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  • Why Did the Sinagua Settle Here?

    The Sinagua chose this location for the pueblo because it was located near the fertile land of the Verde River Valley. This land was ideal for growing crops and the water from the river also attracted lots of game for hunting. Its location along the river also made it a natural stop for traders moving through the area. Photos 2 and 3 show some of...

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  • Tuzigoot Extensions

    On the other side of the plaza is a grouping of seven rooms that formed an extension of the Tuzigoot Pueblo. These rooms are from the 1300s.

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  • Plaza Area

    On one side of the Tuzigoot Pueblo is a flat open area that was used as a plaza. This plaza was a gathering area for the vilagers and was used for the preparation of food. In the middle of this plaza you can see more Metate. This area may also have been used for gatherings with other tribes and for religious ceremonies.

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  • Additions to Tuzigoot Pueblo

    The pueblo required constant upkeep to repair damage from weather or time. As the community grew, additions were made to the original pueblo. At its peak, Tuzigoot housed around 225 people. Most of the rooms were for single families and were used for sleeping and eating, however, some of the later rooms had areas for cooking fires and trough shaped...

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  • Rooftops

    The rooftops of the rooms were flat and served as additional living space. The breezes and open air of the rooftop must have been welcome during the hot summer months. The rooftops served as places for grinding meal, preparine food for cooking, repairing equipment, and watching for traders or threats to the community.

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  • Life Inside the Pueblo

    This is the interior of an early room in the pueblo. The room frequently had a hole dug in the corner where the family would keep an earthen jar of drinking water. Entrance was gained by a ladder that descended from a hole in the roof. This hole also provided light and ventilation. If the family had a child that died the body was buried in a...

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  • Building Details

    In some areas of the ruins you can approach quite close so you can observe details of how the pueblo was constructed and how the rooms connected to each other.

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  • Tuzigoot Museum

    Inside the Visitors Center are several nice displays about the building of the pueblo and the Sinagua People. Take the time to walk through it before taking the trail to the ruins.

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  • Visitors Center

    Your first stop at Tuzigoot National Monument will be the Visitors Center. Here you can get park brochures and any souvenir needs you may have (like postcards for your VT friends). They also have a pretty nice museum and they can provide any information you need about the park and the surrounding area to make your trip more enjoyable.

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  • See the Sinagua Ruins at Tuzigoot

    Sometime around 1000 AD the Sinagua people built a large pueblo on the edge of the Verde Valley. They built an agricultural based society here and established hundreds of miles of trade routes with neighboring tribes. The pueblo was two to three stories high and had 110 rooms. The US Park Service established Tuzigoot National Monument to preserve...

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  • Hands On - Grinding Stones

    Ok, we got the biggest kick out of our son. He waited very patiently to use the grinding stone because some other little girl was playing with it. It is located within an actual room that you can enter and they have corn available to let anyone who wanted to experience this chore from the past. Of course he had to be animated when he was doing it....

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  • Enjoy the fuana

    This is Cane Cholla (Opuntia spinosior) This cacti is a plant you don't want to be upfront and personal with. It is a very common plant in this area. So when you are hiking, climbing or just generally strolling around. Please be careful. It actually looks very soft in texture, but those spines are a good indication it is not. Javilians are a wild...

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  • Views From Tuzigoot

    This not alone just a beautiful monument, but the views from the top floor Pueblo afffords you 360 views of the whole surrounds area. Cottonwood, Clarksdale, and you can even see the red rock of Sedona. We stayed here for quiet some time just taking in the beautiful scenery. People seem to think Arizona is nothig but desert landscape, but in...

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  • Tuzigoot National Monument

    Tuzigoot is Apache for crooked water. They were a prehistoric people called the Sinagua who built these pueblos and lived in them from around 1125 and 1400 CE. They benefitted from farming, good source of water, and trade. They were accomplished in sculpting stones and jewelry making. Many wonderful pieces have been discovered from excavation. This...

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  • Tuzigoot Vistor Center

    This vistor center was build around the 1935 like a pueblo with local natural materials to compliment the monument. Franklin D. Roosevelt designated the ruins as a U.S. National Monument on July 25, 1939. After a extensive excavation was performed back in the 1934 discovered many wonderful artifacts that are still on display at this wonderful...

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  • A Unique Depression-Era Reconstructed...

    This ancient native American ruin was reconstructed during the works projects administration in the 1930's. The site sits on top of a small hill in the middle of a beautiful valley. It is thought to be the ruins of a village of the Sinagua tribe between AD 1125 and 1400.The monument is quite hot in the summer time, so hats and water is recommended...

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  • imagine life inside an ancient pueblo

    Inside the largest dwelling at Tuzigoot you can begin to imagine life inside an ancient pueblo. The cool darkness inside this dwelling is in sharp contrast with the bright sun outside. But remember, the door you entered through didn't exist for the ancient ones. Ceiling holes with ladders provided the only access back then.Be sure to visit the...

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  • visit the citadel

    The literal high point of any visit to Tuzigoot will be a trip to the 'citadel', the reconstructed room from whose roof you can view the surrounding territory. Although various documents I've read say this structure wasn't defensive and there is little evidence of warfare, I'm not so sure. Everything about this structure and its location shout out...

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  • a roof over your head

    There are many Sinaguan ruins to visit in central Arizona -- Tuzigoot, Montezuma's Castle/Well, Walnut Canyon and Wupatki are the interpreted National Monuments. Of all of them, Tuzigoot gives you the best close up of ancient construction techniques.

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  • Tuzigoot National Monument

    Like Montezuma Castle, Tuzigoot (Apache for 'crooked water') was another Sinagua Village inhabited during the twelth through fifteenth centuries. It is a maze like compound of rooms which were originally entered by ladders through the roofs. The top room (pictured) offers great views of the countyside, which the Sinaguas once farmed.

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Tuzigoot National Monument Warnings and Dangers

  • Obey the Warning Signs

    There are some warning signs along the trail at Tuzigoot. Please stay of the walls because they are fragile and we want to preserve them for future generations to enjoy. Stay on the trails because rattlesnakes and other dangerous animals inhabit the area.

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  • Beware of snakes and respect the pueblo

    As well with most parents we have to keep an eye on our children. My kids are no different. I had to repeatly remind the older not to wonder off and explore on his own and although the walls are made of stone, they are not indestructible. Plus, snakes love to curl up around the stones in the shade during the hot summer months. So it is a very good...

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Tuzigoot National Monument Sports & Outdoors

  • Basaic's Profile Photo

    by Basaic Written Feb 11, 2009

    The only trail in Tuzigoot National Monument is the 1/4 mile trail that surrounds the pueblo ruins. It is all paved and is wheelchair accessible, although some parts are a little steep. There are a number of interpretive signs along the way to inform you about the pueblo, the Sinagua, and the surrounding area.

    Trail Trail Trail
    Related to:
    • National/State Park
    • Family Travel
    • Disabilities

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