Bakersfield is in the southern end of the lush, green farmland of the San Joaquin Valley. This fertile region stretches from Sacramento to a few miles south of Bakersfield, and is a major region for the production of vegetables, cotton, grapes & wine, and oil. The area relies heavily on water from the region's rivers and was mostly desert prior to establishing modern irrigation practices.
The Sacramento Valley makes up the northern portion of California's fertile Central Valley. The Sacramento River and its tributaries drain the valley and the Northern Coast Ranges, Siskiyou Mountains, and the Sierra Nevadas surround the valley. The valley is known for its agricultural production, mainly rice, nuts, olives, and prunes. Redding, Sacramento, and Roseville are the largest cities in the valley, and Interstate 5 runs the length of the valley north & south.