Julian Things to Do

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    Julian Historic Gold Mining Town

    by Yaqui Written Jun 27, 2015

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    As you can tell, I enjoy markers and you will find, when are on a historical walking tour, they usually point these out because of the significance.

    Historic Gold Mining Town
    founded by
    Drury D. Bailey
    Feb. 1870

    History: Drury Bailey's family thought he had become a casualty of the Civil War. His canteen, all shot up, was found on a battlefield.

    But in November 1862, he returned to the Confederate Army after having spent eight months as a prisoner of war.

    In all, Bailey emerged unscathed from three years as a soldier – primarily serving as a courier – despite participating in the battles of Murfreesboro, Chickamauga and Atlanta.

    “While in the service through heat, rain, sleet and snow, I took my chances as a soldier on the picket lines, battle lines, scouting, destroying Army supplies, railroads, telegraph lines, living mostly off the enemy,” he reminisced years later.

    After the Civil War ended, Bailey, two brothers and two cousins returned to their native Georgia to find utter devastation and no work, said Richard Bailey of El Centro, a grandson who has compiled a family history.

    Drury Bailey and some family members eventually went to Utah, where they found work building a road leading to a mine. From there, searching for gold, they eventually arrived in the Cuyamaca Mountains east of San Diego, where they had been told there were streams that could be prospected.

    “It reminded (Drury) so much of home,” Richard Bailey said. “He was tired and he wanted to settle down.”

    And so between late 1869 and early 1870, Bailey staked a homestead claim and founded the town of Julian – named for his cousin Michael Julian.

    To encourage development there, Bailey gave away land for homes, schools and churches. He started a blacksmith shop and stable. He also helped establish one of the most productive mines in the Cuyamacas.

    Bailey died at age 77. His remains are buried in the Julian Pioneer Cemetery, marked with a small granite headstone that simply says, “Drury D. Bailey, 1844-1921.” by JEFF RISTINE (U-T San Diego)

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    De Luca House 1893

    by Yaqui Written Jun 27, 2015

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    Frank Antonio De Luca, Italian immigrant, naturalized 1872 at Memphis, TN. and wife, Florence, created this small house, typical of Julian, in 1897 from a studless rough plank cabin built in 1893 by miner C.L. Barnett. De Luca came here in 1889, age 42, and became a leading merchant, grubstaker of gold miners and an astute trader in land. He, other businessmen and farmers organized the first apple day celebration Oct. 9, 1909. Childless Florence retired to San Diego when Frank died in 1925, age 77. She died there in 1945, age 90.

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    Hoskings Rental 1903

    by Yaqui Written Jun 27, 2015

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    A mining & ranching town, many Julian people could not afford to buy a home on $3.00/10 hr. day. This rental, typical of many here, provided 564 sq. ft., four rooms, kerosene lamps, woodstove, hand dug well and privy for $6.00 to $12.00/ month. It was built with salvaged lumber from Cuyamaca City, the abandoned town at the depleted Stonewall gold mine. Landlord George Hoskings, orphaned child of early Julian innkeepers, parlayed an inheritance from bachelor foster father, Thomas Daily, into vast land holdings including 56 town lots.

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    F.L. Blanc Rental 1899

    by Yaqui Written Jun 27, 2015

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    This is one of the three rentals built near 3rd and "C" St. By F.L. Blanc, first resident preacher of Julian. This site still has the well drilled to provide running water for his mining tenants. They no longer had to carry it 2 blks up hill from the town well on Main St. His minister's pay of $50 a quarter was inadequate to raise a growing family of 8. In order to "make ends meet" he used his carpenter skills on many buildings around Julian, ran a lumber mill on the north Cuymaca Mts. and had a mercantile store on Main St.

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    F.L. Blanc Warehouse 1906

    by Yaqui Written Jun 27, 2015

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    Built by F.L.Blanc, Parson, Carpenter, Lumberman to store apple box "shook" for drying. When box making failed to pay, he turned it into his first store selling lumber, paint & "A small stock of luxuries." It was used as a rental in the 30's and moved 90˚ on the lot in early 40's. The Julian Woman's Club purchased it in 1942 for $350. Alice Blanc, Myrtle Botts & Mildred Redding signed the loan note. Wall reinforcement was done before country allowed it's use as a club house. A kitchen and more meeting space were added later.

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    Santa Ysabel School 1888

    by Yaqui Updated Jun 27, 2015

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    They were about to close their doors. So I poked my head in and asked if I could take a couple of photo's. Well these wonderful folks said "come on in" and let me take photo's and one gentleman explained how they moved the building to this spot. He said they had to cut the building in half to move it. So happy they saved this beautiful piece of history.

    Built at Witch Creek, ten miles west of Julian in 1888 and used thru June 1954. this historical building was moved to Julian in 1970, and restored by the Julian Historical Society, the County of San Diego, and many other donors.

    Rededicated 1971
    In recognition of the vision, efforts, and generosity of the citizens who have made this project a reality.
    San Diego County Board of Supervisors
    Jack Walsh 1st District, Henry A. Boney 2nd District, Harry F. Scheidle 3rd District, Jim Bear 4th District, William A. Craven 5th District, DR Graff Austin ex 1945-70, Miles W. Kratka ex 1970, Chief Administrative Officer Fred J. Morly.

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    Julian Pioneer Museum Circa: 1890

    by Yaqui Written Jun 27, 2015

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    In 1888, blacksmith, Joseph Treshil, bought the property from Drury Bailey holder of homestead patent (signed by Pres. Grover Cleveland). The building, with walls two feet thick made of shist & adobe, served as a blacksmith shop. Peter Mayrhoffer, in 1891, leased & used it as a brewery. In 1899 a “smithy” Christian Grosskopf bought & returned it to a blacksmith shop. He died in 1941. Restoration of the crumbling ruins began in late 1940's by the Julian Women's Club & local civic groups. The museum opened to the public in 1952.

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    Honoring Black Pioneers of Julian

    by Yaqui Written Jun 27, 2015

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    33 of the 55 black residents listed in the 1880 U.S. Census for San Diego County, lived in the Julian area. First to find gold was Fred Coleman in 1869. A creek, mining camp and a toll road bear his name. Albert Robinson and wife Margaret founded the Hotel Robinson, now the Julian Hotel. America Newton, a laundress, owned 80 AC. adjacent to the grade that bears her name. The four black pioneers buried in the Julian Cemetery are Albert Robinson, America Newton, Susan Tull – Margaret's mother and Margaret's daughter, Martha Boyd.

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    California Historical Marker #412

    by Yaqui Updated Jun 27, 2015

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    Julian City, March 1870
    Following the discovery of gold nearby during the winter of 1869-70, this valley became the commercial and social center of a thriving mining district. Ex-Confederate soldier Drury D. Baily laid out the town on his farmland and named it for his cousin and fellow native of Georgia, Michael S. Julian. By 1906 most mines were unprofitable. Since then the area as become more famous for the variety and quality of its apple crop.

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    Julian Town Hall 1914

    by Yaqui Written Jun 27, 2015

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    The 1st and 2nd halls, 1871-1876, were businesses available for civic uses. The 3rd, 1876, Centennial Hall, honored the 100th Anniversary of the USA, became too small and was sold for scrap. The 4th, 1897, an impressive building, burned Dec., 1912. The 5th, this building, was built buy the undaunted Town Hall Society on the site of the Hoskings' 1872 Julian Hotel, destroyed by fire 1900. The Julian Chamber of Commerce, founded 1926, absorbed the Town Hall Society and, since then, has owned and operated the hall as a public service.

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    De Luca Store 1890

    by Yaqui Written Jun 27, 2015

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    Frank De Luca, Italian immigrant, built this general store featuring fresh produce. A cold spring, struck in the excavation, spawned a cellar saloon. Julian voted dry in 1902 under local option law. The popular saloon thereafter sold only “cider, tonic and medicine.” De Luca was accused, at the urging of the anti saloon league, of illegally selling “spiritous liquors.” He was acquitted by sympathetic jurymen. He sold out and retired in 1912. This building has continuously housed a grocery store for more than 100 years.

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    Levi~Marks Store 1886

    by Yaqui Updated Jun 27, 2015

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    This brick building, first in the back-country, was built using 100,000 bricks from Ike Levi's Julian kiln for Adolph Levi, Austrian emigrant, and his partner Joseph Marks, native Mississippian. Dis-solution of the partnership made Marks the sole owner of the new building. Except for a lease to Rudy Levi and Jake Noah, Marks housed his Julian mercantile herein until he retired in 1921. This remaining example of several early Julian brick buildings has housed a valuable community service without interruption for more than 100 years.

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    Wheelbarrow Odometer Survey of 1894

    by Yaqui Written Jun 27, 2015

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    From May 5th to December 29, 1894, Porter Perrin Wheaton, a civil and mining engineer, measured 2328 miles of county roads. His wheelbarrow with odometer, clinometer, and compass made the survey unique. From this data was prepared the first coordinated surveyor's map of San Diego County, completed in 1900.

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    Julian / The Eagle Gold Mine 1870

    by Yaqui Updated Jun 27, 2015

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    There are many wonderful historical markers located on many of the historical buildings. I enjoy them so much because of the history. So please, stop read and learn some history!

    Upper Marker
    Julian
    This marker placed in memory
    of Mrs. Ida B. Wellington
    May 25, 1887 – Dec. 16, 1962
    Historian – Humanitarian
    Daughter of Drury Bailey who
    Homesteaded land and
    established the townsite of
    Julian in 1870

    Lower Marker
    The Eagle Gold Mine
    located April 5 1870
    ( 39 chains due east )
    by William J Moran

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    Wilcox Building 1872

    by Yaqui Written Jun 27, 2015

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    This building of hand hewn beam logs cut from Volcan Mtn. was a general store, post office, a stage coach stop, and telephone exchange, owned by story telling Horace F. Wilcox, president of the “Hot Stove Society” - a gathering of men who spun yarns and solved world problems, retiring in 1891, he sold the business to M. Jacoby & Fred R. Sawday who advertised “first class goods at reasonable prices and square dealing with politeness thrown in.” F.L. Blanc minister, carpenter & lumberman ran a mercantile store here from 1907 – 1920.

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Julian Things to Do

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