Peralta Adobe was built around 1797 and is the only remaining structure from the original Spanish settlement at San Jose--called El Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe. Located in the heart of San Jose, just a few blocks from San Pedro Square, this structure was built by Manuel Gonzalez and in 1804 Luís María Peralta moved into the house, hence its name.
The house is only open from Thursday through Sunday 11-4 and entrance costs a relatively hefty $6 per adult.
El Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe was created in 1777 as the first civil settlement in Spanish California (the others were religious or military), and its purpose was to provide food for the nearby presidios at Monterey and San Francisco. It was one of three pueblos (the others in LA & Santa Cruz) authorized by Spain, in addition to 21 missions, & 4 presidios (at San Diego, Santa Barbara, Monterey, & San Francisco) in California. The first mission--San Diego--was established in 1769 while the final mission at Sonoma was completed in 1823.