My son and husband didn't visit the capitol per se but they did take pictures of the building and sculpture outside. The capitol building is a one of the key features in the memorable Denver skyline and looks somewhat like the U.S. Capitol building in Washington D.C. One of the main features of the building is a round brass cap embedded in the west entrance stairway reads as follows: Elevation: 5280 feet, One Mile High, 5-12-69.
Photos 2 and 4 are my husband and son taking each other's pictures on the step
Fondest memory: Photo 3 is the scupture of the Indian (oops - Native American) and dying Bison on the east lawn. Preston Powers, one time dean of the Art Department at the University of Denver and son of sculptor Hiram Powers, was commissioned to make a bronze sculpture for the 1893 World's Fair Exposition at Chicago. Powers, who was a close friend of the poet John Greenleaf Whittier, commissioned the poem for the base of the statue.
East Colfax Avenue and Sherman Street on the north and East 14th Street and Sherman Street on the South. It faces Lincoln Street between Colfax and 14th Street. Note: Colfax would be 15th Street, but it has a name for some reason. The Capitol is the center of the Capitol Hill neighborhood.
Height (struct.) 83 m 272 ft
Construction end 1908
- The exterior walls are of Colorado gray granite from Gunnison County. The three stories of the dome are of granite-colored cast iron, used instead of natural stone to save money.
- The interiors feature Beulah red marble and Colorado Yule marble wainscoting and brass fixtures.
- Important interior spaces include the rotunda with its murals by local artist Allen Tupper True, the House and Senate chambers, and the old Supreme Court chamber.
- The Capitol, in a Renaissance Revival style, was inspired by the National Capitol in Washington.
- It is a cruciform building, four stories tall with four similar elevations, and crowned with a 24-carat gold-leaf covered dome. The tripled-arched entrances on each side are topped with triangular pediments with bas-relief sculpture.
- The ceiling of the dome is 150 feet high.
Companies involved in this Building*
Architect: Elijah E. Myers, Frank E. Edbrooke
Other firms: John Moore , M-E Engineers.
Fondest memory: It's golden dome peaks out from among the roof tops when you're not expecting it. From downtown, you only need to look southeast up 16th Street and you'll see it. On the other streets, it depends on where you're at and the heights of the surrounding buildings.
Favorite thing: Electricity became available in Denver in 1886, the year construction on the Capitol began. However, the builders did not trust the reliability of electric lighting and insisted that gas be used. As a result, all of the light fixtures were originally constructed with the capability of being powered by either gas or electricity. Over time, all fixtures were converted from gas to electricity. The last gas fixture was converted in 1930.
The capitol contains 240,000 cubic feet of granite.
The Capitol's Original Dome incorporated more than 7 tons of lead.
The Cornerstone weighs twenty tons and it took twenty mules to haul it.
The Gold Dome was created using 200 ounces of pure gold leaf.
There are 94 steps to the dome's observation deck.
The 122 columns are of cast iron and on average weigh 1.7 tons each.
The Capitol used 5,482,114 bricks.
The Foundation is made up of 332,616 cubic feet of stone.
Favorite thing: The stone base of this monument is adorned with four tablets that list the battles and the names of the soldiers who died. Also chiseled into the base of this grand memorial is the proud statement that Colorado had the highest average of volunteers in the Civil War of any state or territory in the Union. Another plaque on the statue refers to the discovery of gold at Pikes Peak in 1858 by Green Russell and others. The plaque on the north face of the monument simply reads, " For the Unknown Dead." Originally two black walnut trees from the home of Abraham Lincoln flanked this memorial. While the trees no longer stand, there is a plaque within the capitol commemorating the generosity of President Lincoln for his donation to the beautification of our capitol.
This bronze figure of a Union Soldier facing South with gun in hand was built to honor Colorado's Civil War heroes and to promote civic pride. It is the work of Captain John D. Howland, a prominent member of the 1st Colorado Cavalry and accomplished artist.
The statue was unveiled on July 24, 1909 using donations from both the taxpayers as well as the Colorado Pioneer's Association.
This statue on the east lawn of the capitol depicts a Native American standing over a dying bison. The memorial was the original idea of a group of real estate investors who thought that such a sandstone statue would lure newcomers into the Perry Park area of Denver. While this idea never came to fruition, a group called the "Fortnightly Club" and under the leadership of Mrs. E. M. Ashley and Eliza Routt, heard of the idea and thought that the statue would be a nice addition to the State's exhibit at the 1893 World's Fair Exposition at Chicago. The group commissioned Preston Powers, one time dean of the Art Department at the University of Denver and son of sculptor Hiram Powers, to make a bronze sculpture. After the Exposition it was placed for permanent display on the Capitol's East Lawn on a base of granite from Cotopaxi in Fremont County, Colorado. Powers, who was a close friend of the poet John Greenleaf Whittier, commissioned the poem for the base of the statue.
The mountain eagle from his snow-locked peaks
For the wild hunter and the bison seeks,
In the chang'd world below; and find alone
Their graven semblance, in the eternal stone.
Colorado's Capitol Building was designed with all the modern conveniences: electricity, hot and cold running water, and steam heat. It had its own artesian wells and an elevator. Tunnels beneath the building allowed water and coal to be moved from place to place without bothering people with dirt or workers.
It was insisted that all building material must be from Colorado. South Beaver Creek Granite was used throughout the building. Lyons Sandstone was used in the foundation and walls. Colorado Onyx, extremely rare and found only in the Colorado Capitol. When the supply of Colorado Onyx was gone, the basement was finished in white marble.
Finally, the dome rising 272 feet in the air, was covered with 200 ounces of 24 karate Colorado gold.
Located on Colfax and Lincoln. Has Corithian greek cross foor plan (looks like a plus sign).
Henry Brown donated the land for Colorado State Capitol building in 1867.
In 1883 architects were asked to submit their plans for a new building, but only nine plans were submitted and all of them were rejected.
In 1885 architectors were proposed to submit plans again with a promise of cash reward to three best projects. Twenty-one plans were submitted, and Myers' proposal was elected.
It took 23 years to complete the building.
Denver's nickname of The Mile High City is pretty self-explanatory. One of the steps to the State Capitol building is exactly 5,280 feet, exactly one mile above sea level. The city, and the state of Colorado in general, really capitalize on their "elevated" status by boasting about the "highest road", "highest bridges", etc.
You may or may not care about all the statistics, but you'll notice the change in elevation, especially if you're from a sea level altitude environment. The air is considerably thinnner up here. In fact, once you step off the plane and begin to walk through the airport, you are likely to experience the effects of the Mile High City almost immediately.
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