Sumatra Travel Guide

  • fort gadsden historic site
    fort gadsden historic site
    by doug48
  • appalachicola river
    appalachicola river
    by doug48
  • victorian house
    victorian house
    by doug48

Sumatra Things to Do

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    site of the negro fort

    by doug48 Updated Oct 11, 2011

    the fort gadsden historic site is an interesting place to visit when in northwest florida. prior to the construction of fort gadsden this area was the site of the negro fort. the battle of the negro fort is a strange but interesting page in u.s. history. during the war of 1812 british lieutenant colonel edward nicholls came to the appalachicola river region in order to recruit and train local indians to fight the united states. he built a fort on prospect bluff on the appalachicola river. in 1815 the british left the area and turned the fort over to about 300 african runaway slaves and 30 choctaw and seminole indians. the fort was commanded by an african named garson and a choctaw chief. the inhabitants of the negro fort launched numerous raids on plantations in nearby south georgia. these raids were brought to the attention of major general andrew jackson who was the southern u.s military commander at the time. on july 17th 1816 two supply boats going from the town of appalachicola to fort scott in georgia were fired upon by the negro fort and four american seamen were killed. ten days later general jackson ordered edmond p. gaines, the commander of fort scott, to destroy the negro fort.

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    site of the powder magazine

    by doug48 Updated Nov 1, 2007

    on july 27 1816 edmond gaines attacked the negro fort. he led a small group of land troops consisting of u.s. solders and some local creek indians. he also sent two gun boats down the appalachicola river from fort scott. one of the gun boats fired a "hot shot" at the fort and it hit the powder magazine. the resulting explosion was heard a hundred miles away in pensacola. of the 330 defenders of the negro fort 270 were killed in that one shot. commander garson was executed on the spot and the choctaw chief was scalped by the creeks. the remaining survivors of the attack were brought back to georgia and were sold into slavery.

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    fort gadsden museum

    by doug48 Written Nov 1, 2007

    pictured is an outdoor museum near the site of fort gadsden and the negro fort. they have an interesting collection of relics from the battle and historical information about both forts.

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Sumatra Hotels

Sumatra Restaurants

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    family coastal restaurant

    by doug48 Updated Nov 1, 2007

    the family coastal restaurant is a very good seafood restaurant in the tiny town of sumatra. they offer southern style food and local seafood. a nice casual restaurant to visit when traveling on SR65 in sumatra.

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