Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Travel Guide

  • Guns of Carnes' TN Battery pointing into the woods
    Guns of Carnes' TN Battery pointing...
    by mtncorg
  • Federal monuments atop Horseshoe Ridge
    Federal monuments atop Horseshoe Ridge
    by mtncorg
  • 20 Sept marker for Rosecrans; HQ and 15th Penn Cav
    20 Sept marker for Rosecrans; HQ and...
    by mtncorg

Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Highlights

  • Pro
    mrclay2000 profile photo

    mrclay2000 says…

     Everything is readily marked on the field 

  • Con
    goingsolo profile photo

    goingsolo says…

     Somewhat crowded and overwhelmed by monuments. 

  • In a nutshell
    Toughluck profile photo

    Toughluck says…

     May ancestors fought on this field, it was personally moving. 

Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Things to Do

  • SOUTH CAROLINA MONUMENT

    South Carolinians fought here in Brigadier General Joseph Kershaw’s brigade. Over 1500 survivors of Gettysburg marched with the brigade at Chickamauga. The men showed up early on 20 September marching with Humphrey’s brigade – the two divisions made up McLaw’s division though commanded by Kershaw (McLaw and his two other brigades did not make it...

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  • GLENN-KELLY ROAD: LYTLE’S BRIGADE

    1ST BRIGADE – 3RD DIVISION(Sheridan)/20TH CORPS (McCook)William H. Lytle grew up in Cincinnati, graduating from Cincinnati College with a degree in law. He passed the bar and started a legal practise before going off to serve in the Mexican-American War for some 10 months. Returning to Ohio, Lytle resumed his law practise and was elected to the...

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  • GLENN-KELLY ROAD: LAIBOLDT’S BRIGADE

    2ND BRIGADE – 3RD DIVISION(Sheridan)/20th CORPS (McCook)Colonel Bernard Laiboldt had originally helped to raise the 2nd Missouri, a regiment that evolved from a pro-Unionist militia largely made of German-born soldiers. They had fought in Missouri in the early stages of the war and then moved with the 15th Missouri to join the Army of the...

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  • LAFAYETTE ROAD: VISITOR CENTER

    Located near the intersection of Reed Bridge and Lafayette Roads, the Visitor Center is a good place to start your discovery of the Park and the battle that took place here. General information can uncover some of the confusing events. Other information relates to the development of this the first Federal battlefield to be preserved – 1890. There...

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  • LAFAYETTE ROAD: JOHN BEATTY’S BRIGADE

    1ST BRIGADE – 2ND DIVISION(Negley)/14th CORPS (Thomas)John Beatty was an Ohio banker before the war. He joined the 3rd Ohio as a private and soon shot up in rank. As a colonel, he led his regiment at Perryville in October 1862, being elevated to brigadier general and brigade command shortly afterwards. At Stones River, he had two horses shot out...

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  • LAFAYETTE ROAD - KENTUCKY MONUMENT

    Being a Border State, Kentucky supplied men to both sides at Chickamauga – some 1027 of Helms’ brigade on the Rebel side and 5402 men on the Federal side distributed among some 11 brigades. The Kentucky Monument is located next to the intersection of Alexander Bridge and Lafayette Roads. This is where at 9:45am 20 September Brigadier General...

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  • LAFAYETTE ROAD - FLORIDA MONUMENT

    Floridian regiments were found in the brigades of Colonel Robert Trigg – Preston’s division/ Buckner’s corps – and Brigadier General Marcellus Stovall. Trigg’s brigade served mainly as a reserve unit during the two days of battle with the exception of the 6th Florida attack upon the right flank of Bradley’s brigade around 4 pm on 19 September in...

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  • WILDER’S TOWER – LONG’S BRIGADE

    LONG’S BRIGADE 2ND BRIGADE - 2ND DIVISION(Crook)- Cavalry Corps (Mitchell)Brigadier General George Crook brought Eli Long’s entire brigade to replace the 2nd Michigan when ehy were pushed back from the ford at Glass Mill. With only 900 men to face both of General Joseph Wheeler’s two cavalry divisions – some 5000 men – there was only so much that...

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  • WILDER’S TOWER – CAMPBELL’S BRIGADE

    CAMPBELL’S BRIGADE 1ST BRIGADE-2ND DIVISON(Crook)- Cavalry Corps (Mitchell)Colonel Archibald Campbell’s brigade – 2nd Michigan, 9th Pennsylvania, 2nd Tennessee (U.S.) – guarded the west bank of Chickamauga Creek from the Lee and Gordon Mills south to near Glass Mill. They helped to guard the many divisional hospitals that had set up nearthe good...

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  • WILDER’S TOWER – RAY’S BRIGADE

    2ND BRIGADE-1ST Div(McCook)- Cavalry Corps (Mitchell)The cavalry units of the Army of the Cumberland have grouped their monuments together around the Wilder Tower. Cavarly always had a chip on their shoulder regarding their importance and this can be seen in the extravagance of their monuments.Colonel Daniel Ray’s brigade escorted Federal supply...

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  • WILDER’S TOWER

    Colonel John T. Wilder had a busy career during the Civil War. A former businessman and inventor in Indiana, he had commanded some 4,000 men at Munfordville, Kentucky during Bragg’s invasion of the Bluegrass state in September-October 1862. Bragg wasted critical time bringing much of his army to bear on Wilder when he did not give way before...

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  • WILDER’S TOWER – OTHER MONUMENTS

    There are a couple of other monuments here not a part of Wilder’s Brigade, Rosecrans’ guard or the Federal cavalry. They include the monument of the 39th Indiana Mounted Infantry, the 21st Michigan Infantry and Battery C 8th Wisconsin Artillery. The 8th Wisconsin were here all alone next to the Widow Glenn House in the afternoon of 19 September...

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  • WILDER’S TOWER – HQ UNITS

    HEADQUARTER GUARD ARMY OF THE CUMBERLANDThe 10th Ohio, 1st Ohio Sharpshooter Battalion (3 companies) and the 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry served as the headquarter guard for the Army of the Cumberland. The sharpshooters were a sort of a bodyguard while the other two regiments served a variety of functions for the commander such as guiding various...

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  • VINIARD FIELD/WILDER’S BRIGADE

    1ST BRIGADE - 4 DIV (Reynolds)/14TH CORPS (Thomas)The brigade of Colonel James T. Wilder was detached from the divisional command of Joseph Reynolds during the days of Chickamauga. The men were able to impact events all over the battlefield and the brigade’s stories are among the more colorful to tell.Wilder led a varied life before the Civil War,...

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  • VINIARD FIELD: BRADLEY’S BRIGADE

    3RD BRIGADE 3RD DIV (Sheridan)/20TH CORPS (McCook)Colonel Luther Bradley was originally from Connecticut which was where he took an interest in things military, enrolling in that State’s militia. In 1855, Bradley moved on to Chicago. He impressed the Illinoisans enough to be made a lieutenant colonel in the 51st Illinois at the young age of 29 in...

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  • VINIARD FIELD: BUELL’S BRIGADE

    1ST BRIGADE 1ST DIVISION (Wood)/21ST CORPS (Crittenden) George Buell was a cousin of Don Carlos Buell, the original commander of the Army of the Cumberland. George originally was a lieutenant colonel with the 58th Indiana, but rose to brigade command at Stones River – 31 December 1862-2 January 1863. He would go on serving in the Army after the war...

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  • VINIARD FIELD: CARLIN’S BRIGADE

    2ND BRIGADE 1ST DIV (Davis)/20TH CORPS (McCook) William Carlin was an 1850 graduate of West Point and had served on the Western Plains, in Utah and finally at Fort Bragg in California before the outbreak of the war. Carlin became the colonel of the 38th Illinois when war did come and he forged a brave path through the early periods of the war...

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  • VINIARD FIELD: COLONEL HEG AND THE DITCH...

    On the west side of Lafayette Road near the intersection with the Viniard-Alexander Road, maybe twenty yards into the open trees is the shell pyramid denoting the spot where Colonel Hans Heg was shot down late in the afternoon 19 September 1863. Heg was 33 years old and he was trying to rally his men for the fourth time – this time it was against...

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  • VINIARD FIELD: HEG’S BRIGADE

    3RD BRIGADE - 1ST DIV (Davis)/20TH CORPS (McCook) Around 2:00 PM 19 September, the division of Jefferson C. Davis was ordered into the trees north of Viniard Field. Union commander William Rosecrans hoped they would be able to link with the men of Van Cleve’s division fighting east of Brotherton Field but Davis’ men were too few to cover such a...

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  • BROTHERTON FIELD: DICK’S BRIGADE

    SECOND BRIGADE 3RD DIVISION (Van Cleve)/21ST CORPS (Crittenden)Two of Brigadier Horatio Van Cleve’s brigades formed up along the Lafayette Road and attacked into the woods eastward from the Brotherton Field at 1 PM 19 September in support of the men of Palmer’s division – they were fighting hard further east in and around The Brock Field. Things...

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  • BROTHERTON FIELD - NORTH END

    Sitting on the west side of Lafayette Road opposite the intersection with Brotherton Road is the Brotherton cabin. The family sat out the battle in a wooded ravine northwest of the battlefield along with the families of other nearby cabins. The cabin and the associated fields and woods were the scene of heavy fighting on both 19 and 20 September....

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  • BROTHERTON ROAD: BRIGADIER BUSHROD...

    Chickamauga was said to be a “Soldier’s Battle”. Monuments to individual generals were not erected, but here is the exception. Bushrod Johnson is remembered by historian Peter Cozzens. “Some men are born losers; others become losers through the choices they make. Brigadier General Bushrod Johnson was both.” Originally born and raised in an Ohio...

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  • BROTHERTON ROAD: GROSE’S BRIGADE

    3RD BRIGADE 2ND DIVISION (Palmer)/ 21ST CORPS (Crittenden)On the first day of fighting, Colonel William Grose’s brigade formed the right wing of Palmer’s division which came into the woods along Brotherton Road, helping to blunt an attack by Wright’s brigade of Cheatham’s division between 1 and 2PM. Following attacks by the Rebels concentrated...

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  • BROTHERTON ROAD: MORTUARY MONUMENTS/77TH...

    Colonel Philemon Baldwin ran a farm supply store in Indiana before the war. With the onset, he enlisted in the 6th Indiana, quickly gaining a commission as an officer, becoming the colonel of the 6th and later brigade commander by the time of the Stone’s River campaign. His brigade was up front for Johnson’s division during the afternoon of 19...

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Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Local Customs

  • The Rock of Chickamauga

    Like many of the earlier battles in Virginia, the battle of Chickamauga was an example of the inefficiency of the Union army. Although they outnumbered the Confederates and had superior weapons, the Union was often defeated by its own mistakes and inability to command its own army. During this battle, two Union generals fled the battlefield....

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  • The President's brother in law

    The civil war divided the nation. In so doing, it divided friends, families and pitted brothers against each other on the same battlefield. No one was exempt from such a heartbreaking situation, not even the leader of the Union.President Lincoln attempted to persuade his favorite brother in law to join the Union's attempt to keep the country...

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  • Military Artillery

    The civil war brought about a great change in how wars were fought. Previously, hand to hand combat and short range weapons were the norm. But the invention of artillery which could fire at long range changed the old ideas.When General Robert E. Lee first proposed the idea of digging trenches to fortify the soldier's positions, he was dubbed "The...

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Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Warnings and Dangers

  • paulscuba's Profile Photo
    Wilder Monument - Stair entry on the back.

    by paulscuba Written Jun 17, 2007

    It appears that you can go up to the top of the wilder monument but on the day we went there were threats of storms and they had closed the monument. If you like going to the tops of things, go on a sunny day. Even from the ground you had a nice view of this portion of the park.

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Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Off The Beaten Path

  • BATTLELINE ROAD: 35TH INDIANA – BARNES’...

    Barnes’ brigade was finally reunited with the other two brigades of Van Cleve’s division – Dick and Samuel Beatty – in the early morning of 20 September and they were placed in a reserve position in Dyer Field about 1000 yards west of the Brotherton Cabin. Van Cleve lost the use of Barnes’ brigade at about 9:30 am – his other two regiments were...

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  • VINIARD FIELD: BARNES’ BG

    3RD BRIGADE – 3RD DIVISION(Van Cleve)/21ST CORPS (Crittenden)Colonel Sidney Barnes was a Kentuckian from Estill County southeast of Lexington. A lawyer before the war, Barnes was one of the main forces behind the formation of the 8th Kentucky being elected as the regiment’s colonel. Promoted to brigade commander, he led his five regiments into the...

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  • BROTHERTON ROAD: DICK’S BRIGADE

    2ND BRIGADE – 3RD DIVISION(Van Cleve)/21ST CORPS (Crittenden)You will find two regimental monuments for this brigade hidden in the trees to the east of Lafayette Road and Brotherton Field. This is where the brigade made its first foray around 1 pm 19 September. Things went well for a while, but that just attracted more Confederate troops. Soon,...

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Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Favorites

  • Did you know?

    This battlefield is extremely wooded and was not the preferred location for either side. The union army was searching for Confederate Army after it had withdrawn earlier in the year. The Confederate general baited a trap and rejoined his army near Chickamauga. His main army and a portion of the Union army accidentally met at this location and the...

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  • Dogs are Allowed

    Outside of the entering the visitor center. Dogs are allowed on all the trails and roads. Be a good dog owner and carry a plastic bag for dog duty and do as we did and keep the pup from marking the monuments. The website says nothing on this subject so whenever going verify this with the Park if you plan to take your pup.

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  • Heavy artillery

    At the visitor center entrance and at various points along the auto tour, you'll find the canons. These long range weapons (for the 19th century anyway) can fire at targets nearly 5 miles away, destroying scores of advancing soldiers. The developement of these weapons and their use during the civil war resulted in a change of tactics from the...

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