On June 27, General Sherman ordered a multi pronged attack on Confederate forces at Kennesaw. Sherman's strategy was to spread out the Confederate forces and then cut them off. Sherman underestimated several things, the most important of which was how strongly the Confederates resolved to hold the mountain.
Or, perhaps, he didn't. Prior to the battle, Sherman observed the miles of encroachments- earthworks, trenches and artillery., embedded in and protecting the mountain. Before the assault, he reported that Kennesaw was the key to the entire campaign. In their own way and for their separate reasons, the Union had equal resolve as both sides felt they were defending their terrotory. While Sherman lost the battles at Kennesaw, he eventually won the war.
Source: Civil War Battlefield Guide.
Pigeon Hill was one area chosen by the Union as part of the army's attempt to take Kennesaw Mountain. Despite the fact that the Union had the larger number of troops and substantial firepower, the Confederates knew the terrain very well and were entrenched behind earthworks and well prepared for the assault. The Confederate forces pushed the Union forces back from Pigeon Hill and held their line.
Behind the broad expanse of field, you can see the tangled thickets that camoflage the steep and rugged and swampy terrain that Union soldiers had to trek through in order to advance. The Confederates had a further advantage as they held the mountain, which offered a good vantage point for watching the Union army advance. Still, the "victory" of the Confederates came with a fatal price and was ultimately unsuccessful.
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