Earthworks are mounds of soil soldiers would dig and then hide behind to surprise or hide from enemy troops. The original earthworks dug during the Civil War have been left as is, although shrubs have grown across them. There is a short trail which begins across the street from the Pigeon Hill battlefield and leads to several of the earthworks.
Its hard to tell from the picture, but the hole is pretty deep. I'd say about 6 feet if I were to guess. Almost as if they were digging graves instead of hiding places.
"Brother against brother" is a common expression used in reference to the civil war. The South was trying to defend a way of life which, while repugnant, was the only way it had known. The Union was trying to keep the Great Experiment known as the United States of America intact. Right or wrong, both sides were fighting for what they believed in, and for what represented their perception of freedom. Both sides of what was once a whole were fighing against each other.
The Civil War caused fighting of brother against brother in the literal as well as symbolic sense. Many families were living in different regions and holding different beliefs. they were literally fighing each other on these battlefields. In addition to families, generals and friends from the North and the South found themselves on opposite sides of this conflict. There are post-civil war accounts of family members meeting on battlefields and being forced to fight against each other.
When walking along these trails, try to imagine what it must have been like for a soldier. To carry a heavy load up the steep hills, work feverishly building piles of soil in the humid Georgia weather, hiding behind a pile of dirt as your only protection. And, the worst part, waiting.
The Civil War was fought because the North believed the Union had to remain together, whereas the South believed, with equal conviction, that it could not. The four year war was the bloodiest on American soil. Tens of thousands died. It was at Gettysburg, where the battle with the largest casualties was fought, that then-President Lincoln dedicated as "hallowed ground". But Kennesaw, like all battlefields, is hallowed ground.
The Confederate strategy of building earthworks and trenches had limited success against the resources and firepower of the Union. The trenches and earthworks delayed and pushed back the initial assualts, but the victory was only temporary. But digging in and fighting in trenches took its toll and, eventually, the determination and maneuvering of the Union army overrode the defenses of the South.
Get an instant answer from local experts and frequent travelers