The MEMORIAL is a white 184-foot structure that spans the sunken hull of the USS ARIZONA. The deck of the ship lies 6 feet below the surface of pearl Harbour. Alfred Pries, an Austrian architect, designed the memorial, which is broken into three sections --- entry room --- assembly room --- shrine room. The shrine room contains the names of the USS ARIZONA sailors and marines who lost their lives on that fateful day of December 7, 1941.
Early August 29, 1945 the USS MISSOURI entered Tokyo Bay to prepare for the formal surrender ceremony. High- ranking military officials of all the Allied Powers came on board September2. Army General Douglas MacArthur and the Japanese representatives came together and then the surrender ceremony was broadcast to the waiting world, thus ending the Second World War.
Three football fields long and over 20 stories tall, the Missouri's 16-inch guns can fire a 2,700 pound shell more than 25 miles.
Open daily 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Children 4 - 12 $8.00
On December 7, 1941, the USS ARIZONA while moored in Pearl Harbour, was bombed by a Japanese air raid. The 608 - foot battleship sank in 9 minutes without firing a shot, taking 1,177 sailors and marines to their death. The attack catapulted the United States into World War II. The USS Arizona Memorial was established to honor all those that made the ultimate sacrifice.
The December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbour remains one of the most infamous naval attacks in history, as well as one of the most devastating opening attacks of any war. Of the 96 ships in the harbour that day, 18 were sunk or heavily damaged. The casualties totaled 2403 dead, 1178 wounded. Almost half of the fatalities were aboard the USS ARIZONA.
Monday, February 10, 2003
Hans and I vistited PEARL HARBOUR which was part of the Honolulu City Tour.
When we arrived by tour bus we received our reservation time and waited for the boat shuttle to take us to the Arizona Memorial.
The Arizona Memorial is built in Pearl Harbor stands on pillars driven into the bottom of the harbor and just above the sunken USS Arizona. On December 7, 1941 the ship was sunk and 1,177 men were killed. More than 900 of those men are entombed within the wreck so the Memorial and the remains of the ship which are still visible at the water line so it serves as both tomb and tombstone. The names of the 1,177 men are enscribed in stone inside the memorial. Also, in a profound expression of the solidarity of the men serving on the Arizona at the time of its sinking, some two dozen survivors who have since died are entombed in the ship as well. If such is their wish, urns containing their ashes are taken by divers to be entombed there. The names of some two dozen of these men are also enscribed in stone inside the memorial. The design of the structure is a swooping shape somewhat reminiscent of a ship and is said to symbolize the low and high points of Americas defeat and eventual victory.
There is a 23 minute film at the visitor's center which is well worth seeing. There is also a small museum there as well as a gift shop.
This will be a highlight to those curious about World War II history, the Navy, and large seaworthy vessels. This historic battleship has served from World War II all of the way to the Gulf War in the early 1990's before being decommissioned. Now, it can be toured at Pearl Harbor, where it is docked at Battleship Row.
To reach the Missouri, you go to a parking lot adjacent to the USS Arizona Memorial and buy tickets for the tour of your choosing. You have options for a self-guided tour like I did, or you can take some various guided tours. Then, a trolley takes you across the bridge to the island where the ship is docked.
There is a lot to see on this ship. You can walk its decks, above and below. You can see the large guns up close as well as see the bridge, crew quarters, mess decks, and an area where a kamikaze plane hit, to name a few. You will also see the "Surrender Deck", where the Japanese surrender was signed while the USS Missouri was at Tokyo Bay. Also, note that the ship is facing the USS Arizona Memorial. You will have an excellent view of that whole area. It is interesting to note that the USS Arizona factored into the US entry into World War II while the surrender, and thus the end of the war, occured on the Missouri. Here, you have both ships in one place. If you get hungry or thirsty, there are concessions offered where you can eat lunch in one of the mess decks just like the sailors did.
If you are really interested in all of the naval history and vessels, you can also tour the submarine, the Bowfin. You can tour them separately, or you can purchase a combined ticket. If you came to see both the USS Arizona memorial and the battleship Missouri, then I recommend seeing the Arizona first since availability for it will be more of a limiting factor than getting tickets to the Missouri.
Today, a monument stands above the remains of the battleship Arizona, which was sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. As a result of that attack, the United States entered World War II. The ship can be seen beneath the water, and it marks the final resting place of many sailors who lost their lives that day. In this respect, the monument stands above a graveyard. There is part of a gun turret that still stands above the water near the memorial. Even after decades, oil still comes up to the surface from the ship, and this will be evident to the visitor. The list of the dead is written on one wall of the memorial. Visitors come from all over the country and the world to pay their respects to those who died here.
If you would like to see the memorial, an early start is good since a limited number of people can leave at a given time. You and your group will be assigned the next available departure time. Once you have been assigned a time, you will enter a theater and watch a short movie about the attack on Pearl Harbor. Then, you will board a boat driven by naval personnel out to the monument where you can catch whichever boat you choose back to the dock. If you are really a history or military buff, then I highly recommend seeing the USS Missouri as well. You can see it moored very close to the memorial.
Note: If you are visiting any of the memorials, you cannot take backpacks, bags, or purses with you. A camera is OK as well as a bag containing items bought at the giftshop. There is a storage facility nearby if you have to store something (for a fee).
There seems to be a common thread in Honolulu....Tourist operators that wish to rip you off!!
Pearl Harbour is a National memorial and as such, it is FREE ENTRY. Once again The Bus will take you to the memorial for US$2.00 each way. An entire day at the memorial will cost you US$4.00. Some tour companies will charge you upwards of US$60.00 for the tour!!!
To me, this was a humbling experience.....
The USS Arizona is the final resting place for many of the ship's 1,177 crewmen who lost their lives on December 7, 1941. The 184-foot-long Memorial structure spanning the mid-portion of the sunken battleship consists of three main sections: the entry and assembly rooms; a central area designed for ceremonies and general observation; and the shrine room, where the names of those killed on the Arizona are engraved on the marble wall.
Once you enter the memorial I would suggest that you go straight to the ticket window and receive a free ticket for the movie and boat tour. These tickets are numbered and when you (and around 50 others) are called you proceed to the theatre. After a film of live footage from the Japanese invasion of Dec 7 1941, you board a navy boat and are taken out to the USS Arizona.
Pearl Harbor is Hawaii's largest harbor and the nation's only naval base designated as a National Historic Landmark with three significant memorials: the USS Arizona Memorial, honoring the 1,100 men of the Pearl Harbor attack; the Battleship Missouri Memorial, a living museum of the most celebrated and last-built battleship; and the USS Bowfin Museum, featuring a World War II submarine, a Japanese mini submarine and extensive submarine history.
The USS Arizona is the final resting place for many of the ship's 1,177 crewmen who lost their lives on December 7, 1941.
The park is open seven days a week 7:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
It is a solemn place to visit. There is no admission required to visit the memorial. Your tour will include the viewing of a documentary on the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour prior to taking the navy launch to the memorial. While you wait for your trip out to the middle of Pearl Harbour, you can visit the displays and exhibits in the museum section of the memorial.
We awoke around 5:45am to set out for Pearl Harbor and the USS Arizona Memorial. Thanks to our Frommers guide book, we knew to get there early to avoid crouds. We arrived around 7:00am when the museum was due to open at 7:30am. There was a line that had already formed. The museum opened at 7:30 sharp and we were fortunate enough to be among the last people admitted onto the first Navy shuttle to the Memorial. We first sat through a brief documentary film about the history of Pearl Harbor and the dirty Japs (just kidding). We then boarded our Navy shuttle to the USS Arizona Memorial. After we left the shuttle, everyone was on their best behavior. Gentlemen removed their hats as the tourists spoke in hushed voices and clicked frame after frame of film. The mood was somber and somewhat profound. The water glistened with a thin coat of oil, which still seeps up from the ship's hull only 8 feet below the surface. At the far end of the Memorial, we saw the wall with all the names of the sailors who were buried with the ship. About 100 yards away we saw the USS Missouri docked. The Japanese surrender treaty was signed aboard that ship. The shuttle to depart came about 15 minutes after we arrived. Returning on our Navy shuttle, we passed the smaller memorial of the USS Nevada. Docked near the museum we saw the USS Bowfin submarine - also known as the "Pearl Harbor Avenger." As we pulled near the Bowfin, we came upon the wake of another boat and my side of the boat got our butts soaked. Even my Nikon camera got sprinkled but I was able to dry it quickly. We got back in our Jeep by 9:00. The Frommers guide said allow at least 3 hours but we were able to see everything in 2.
The memorial is a sobering reminder of all those who perished that day. You'll learn about this important historical attack that brought the USA into the war and you'll be able to see the memorial built over the wreckage of the USS Arizona, the top of which breaks the surface of the water. Oil still bubbles out of the top after over 60 years.