Civil War Museum, Baltimore
At the outset of the Civil War, in April 1861, Maryland was a neutral state. It was, like Kentucky and Missouri, divided right down the middle. So the Confederates tried to seize control of Baltimore, in an effort to surround Washington and make it too vulnerable to defend.
A crowd of rebel sympathizers attacked the Sixth Massachusetts Volunteer Militia Regiment in Baltimore, just as the troops were departing from the railroad station on Pratt St. A fight broke out that left a four soldiers and 12 rebels dead.
Today, the old rail station, dating from 1849, houses the Civil War Museum. It's a modest place, but full of interesting historical displays, weapons, uniforms, and a small theater.
The restored President Street Station, built in 1849, was first a stop on the Underground Railroad.
On April 19, 1861, the first bloodshed of the Civil War had occurred. The 6th Massachusetts Regiment stopped in Baltimore to switch trains and clashed with Southern sympathizers. Firing ensued. Four soldiers and 12 civilians were killed.
Exhibits and walking tours chronicle the story of the 6th regiment.
Admission: USD4; seniors, students, ages 13-17: USD3; museum members, 12 and under, all Sunday visitors: free.
Located at the President Street Station; the location of the first bloodshed of the American Civil War in 1861.