The rock layers create the unique valley of the Niobrara. The permeable Ash Hollow layers allows rain water to seep downwards until it reaches the hard Valentine Formation. This creates natural seeps along the southern bluff.
Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge is over 19,000 acres of preserved wilderness along the Niobrara River, and is located in North Central Nebraska. There was once a fort here. Fossils of extinct animals from 13 million years ago have been found here. There are several places in the area where you can access the Niobrara River for boating, canoeing and other water related activities. There is also a very good hiking trail leading to Fort Falls.
Fondest memory: Hiking the trail to Fort Falls.
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