The Mount Washington Tavern is a restored stagecoach stop from the time of the National Road (1828-1855). The tavern is furnished to show how it may have appeared during its heyday. There are exhibits telling the story of the National Road and tavern lifestyles during the 19th century. Restrooms are available in the Tavern basement but are not handicapped accessible. A paved path up a steep hill behind the visitor center leads to the tavern. A paved parking lot is available at the Tavern for those who do not wish to walk up the hill.
This was one of the favorites of the girls while on the trip. I took my daughter Noel and her goodfriend, Bridget along with my husband Larry on this trip. We had a great day and it was very lovely. The weather was beautiful for us during this day trip on US ROUTE 40 NATIONAL ROAD.
The reconstructed stockade at Fort Necessity marks one of the great milestones of colonial days where the young George Washington fought and lost his first battle and the French and Indian War began in 1754. A modern Visitor Center tells the story of the opening round in the successful struggle for British domination west of the Allegheny Mountains.
Allow one to two hours for your visit. The ten-minute slide presentation at the visitor center is a good introduction to the park story.
Colonial troops commanded by Colonel George Washington, then 22 years old, were defeated here in the opening battle of the French and Indian War on July 3, 1754. This followed a skirmish a little over a month earlier and several miles from the site of the fort where a troop led by Washington attacked a small French force led by an Ensign Jumonville who was mortally wounded. These battles sparked a seven year struggle between Great Britain and France for control of North America and helped pave the way for the American Revolution.
Fort Necessity National Battlefield
One Washington Parkway
Farmington, PA 15437
The Addison Toll House is one of two remaining toll houses in Pennsylvania that served the National Road (now US40) in the 1800's. Located in the Allegheny Mountians in Addison about 30 miles east of Uniontown, it is constructed of stone, an uncommon construction material for tollhouses of the period.
Directions from the Inne at Watson's Choice
Turn Left [East] on Route 21 East
Travel 3.1 mi to traffic light at Route 119
Turn Right and stay to right following on-ramp sign to [US 119 South Morgantown/ US 40 East ]
This is the Uniontown By-Pass. Follow signs for US 40 East
Travel 8.3 miles to the top of Summit Mountain
After about 5.5 miles you'll start to climb the mountain (2.5 miles up from this is Point Lookout, a worthwhile quick stop).
At the top of the mountain to the right is the Summit Hotel
Continue to travel on US40 East for 19.5 mi to Addison
Turn Right to Addison Tollhouse
There is NO CHARGE for this Historic Site...
In 1755, one year after Geo. Washington's defeat at Fort Necessity and the start of the French and Indian War, the British were resolved to eliminate the French from North America. British officer Major General Edward Braddock was selected to lead the campaign. Braddock personally commanded a regimen to attack the French at Fort Duquesne, located at present day Pittsburgh. Washington accompanied Braddock as an aide. On July 9, 1755, while the expedition was enroute to Fort Dusquesne, the British were surprised by French and Indian forces which totally overwhelmed the British contingent. The elite British force suffered horrendous losses and were forced to retreat. Although Braddock had been schooled in the art of Warfare in England, his tactics were no match for the French and their Indian allies. Braddock himself was among the severely wounded. On their retreat on July 13, the British camped about one mile west of the former Fort Necessity when Braddock succumbed to his injuries. The general was buried in the road to obliterate any traces of the grave's whereabouts, fearing that a marked grave would only permit the Indians to uncover and desecrate the remains. The army then continued its retrat on to eastern Pennsylvania.
Braddock's Grave monument commemorates General Braddock's final resting place. This pleasant little park has just undergone a very nice renovation. It is located on Route 40 and generally can be viewed in 15-30 minutes.
Historiacal markers interpret the events leading to Braddock's death. One marker speaks of the site's significance over a much broader time period.