The siege of Chattanooga was broken by two actions. The relief of the supply lies when Lookout Mountain was taken and the overrunning of Missionary Ridge. The town was confined between the river and Missionary Ridge. The Confederate Army of the Tennessee had placed artillery and men along the full extent of the ridge to hold the Federal in Chattanooga. The step slopes of the ridge were seen as a way to protect the over stretched rebel lines and to dominate the town with gun fire.
A small group of men were assigned to take the Orchard Knob (a close in hill), that gave the Rebels easy reach to the river with their guns. When the Federals attacked, they quickly over ran the positions. Fearing for their over exposed position, the men, kept going and soon broke through the ridge itself. More details are in the tips for Bragg, DeLong, Ohio, and Truchin Reservations, or my Missionary Ridge Traveloge
Few of the areas and signs have places to pull off the road. If you want to see the area in detail, you'll need to park at one of the bigger reservations, i.e., Bragg's Reservation, and hike along the ridge.
Ohio volunteer units were the predominate troops making up this part of the Federal line. When the attack on Orchard Knob went so fast, it was Ohio troops that supported and led the charge.
Located mid-way along the Crest Road, just above the tunnel on Brainerd Road. The easiest way to get here is by taking Brainerd Road (north of (-24) to the east side of the tunnel through the ridge. Make a left turn (regardless of direction you're coming from) and follow Crest Road, south (left on both routes). Follow Crest Road south, until crossing a bridge spanning a gap and I-24. There is a weird stop right after the bridge. Turn right (uphill), and around a bend. Bragg's Reservation is on the left.
Here is a general description of the events in taking Missionary Ridge and plenty of place to park and let the kids run. From here, you can walk back along the road to other signs, but watch out for vehicles. At times the road becomes very busy.
Located mid-way along the Crest Road, just above the tunnel on I-24. The easiest way to get here is by taking Brainerd Road (north of (-24) to the east side of the tunnel through the ridge. Make a left turn (regardless of direction you're coming from) and follow Crest Road, south (left on both routes). Follow Crest Road south, until crossing a bridge spanning a gap and I-24. There is a weird stop right after the bridge. Turn right (uphill), and around a bend. Bragg's Reservation is on the left.
Three significant Civil War battles were fought in or near Chattanooga: the Battle of Chickamauga (September, 1863) and the Battles for Chattanooga (June, 1862 and November, 1863). The Battle of Chickamauga is remembered as the bloodiest two-day battle of the Civil War. More than one-fourth of the combatants in this battle were killed, wounded, or missing by the end of the second day. The troops were about even in number but the Union side had repeating rifles which gave them quite an advantage. Chattanooga was a major center for rail and water transportation and the loss of these three battles is regarded by many Civil War experts as having sealed the doom of the Confederacy.
Today, these battles are commemorated by the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, America's oldest, and at 9,000 acres, largest military park. Many historical plaques mark troop placements and activities hourly during the battles and there are many monuments to honor the units and personnel from 29 states who participated in these campaigns.
There are seven and twelve mile loops through the park which allow you to see each of the significant points of interest related to the various battles.
the battle of missionary ridge was a major battle in the chattanooga campaign. on november 25 th 1863 the forces of union general ulysses s. grant met the forces of general braxton bragg. located along crest road between downtown chattanooga and the town of brainerd is a number of historic markers and reservations at the battle site. crest road runs through a residental neighborhood and finding a parking space to read the markers is difficult. there is a small parking area at the turchin reservation. for those interested in civil war history missionary ridge is a worth while place to visit when in chattanooga.
This is a commemoration of a pitched battle that was the fought in fall 1863. The South won this one, but later lost Chattanooga in other battles around the area in November. A great mural 13X30 feet done by James Walker, who was an eye witness, shows the battle. They also have a chronological sequence of events describe the battles and strife in the region from 1861-1864, which is informative. A movie of 3/4 hour can be seen, but did not work when we were there; a disappointment.
Gen Bragg of the South routed the General Rosecrans at this site, by piercing the middle of the line. The fighting was done a lot in wooded areas, so the 70,000 North and 67,000 South had difficulty finding the overall ground activity.
The grounds are 5,500 acres and around the 7 miles traverse through the battle area. The park and the dedication started in 1890 with veterans wanting a memorial for all the dead who fought here. There were 35,000 soldiers killed or wounded at this battle in September, 1863.
It evolved into this large site today, with the museum and 1,400 monuments on the grounds.
The battle site was first preserved in late 1880's by CSA soldiers who fought a hard battle here. The monuments from both South and North depict a time when a great battle was fought. There is a trail of around 7 miles that takes you through the lanes and terrain of this battle, and shows which Brigades and Divisions fought here. There are over 100 monuments to commemorate the battle. The Park Service operates the main location which has a movie-not working when we were there- and a mural of the sequence of events from July 1863 to the Confederate defeat of the battle October 1863. This was then the supply staging area for the march to the sea by Sherman
one thing that you could do while you are in Chattanooga (My home town!!!)
is go check out all of the neat Civil war history.
the Battlefield park is a huge national park that is just south of Chattanooga, it is in the northern part of Georgia in a small, yet nice size, city named Ft. Oglethorpe. the Battlefield park has a tourist information center.
Going south out of "Ft. O" (as us locals call it) you will be able to see signs for it. check it out, I went there once a long time ago, it was pretty neat. also, you can get a free map in the form of a brochure. the map contains highlights of the battlefield park and certain roads to get you there.
but be careful, the roads are often narrow, and it is so easy to get turned around and lost in the park.
The park is cool to visit during the Halloween season. I don't believe that the park does anything special fo Halloween, but it's creepy enough to hear the ghost stories, and to just know that you are in an area that saw a lot of death.
also, there are PLENTY of places to go to in Chattanooga for your Halloween thrills. Ruby falls, Sir goonies haunted house, etc.
This Civil War battle for the high ground above Chattanooga is what opened the way for the Union march on Atlanta.