The true interest for Point Park and the Lookout Mountain Civil War displays is the position of the armaments with respect to the Tennessee River and modern-day Chattanooga. Coined at the time of the fighting as the "Battle Above the Clouds" (the Point Park museum has a pavilion devoted to this idea), you can see first-hand the relative positions from above and below by standing on the cliffs where the cannon now stand.
I've never found it open, but the Cravens House will give you a less contrived view of Civil War apparatus about halfway up Lookout Mountain. There are a few cannon, some monuments and the structure, and also a few foot trails leading to other sites on the mountain.
There are more monuments here than at Point Park at the top of the hill (a fee area), but at 2 to 1 there is not much difference in the monuments themselves. There are certainly more cannon higher up in the park, but between the Cravens House and the museum in Point Park, the visitor must decide which has the better offerings.
The New York monument is the centerpiece of the Point Park section of Chickamauga/Chattanooga. The rest of the prominence is encircled with field pieces. With the trees situated as they are, a good unobstructed view of the monument is nearly impossible.
in my opinion to truly understand the second battle of chattanooga you should visit the chickamauga battle site in georgia first. in september of 1863 the confederate forces under the command of general james longstreet defeated the forces of union general william rosecrans. the turing point for the confederates was the battle of snodgass hill. rosecrans was forced to retreat towards chattanooga and was pursued by the army of confederate general braxton bragg. this defeat allowed bragg to set up confederate positions on lookout mountain and missionary ridge which was the basis of the second battle of chattanooga.
the battle of chattanooga museum is a good first stop on a visit to lookout mountain. this small museum and gift shop has a topographical map and uses miniture solders to explain the battle. a good place to orientate yourself to find the historic battle sites in the chattanooga area.
originally called lookout point, point park is located on the top of lookout mountain. at the park you can get spectacular views of chattanooga and get an impression of this strategic confederate position. point park is part of chickamauga chattanooga national military park.
located on the grounds of point park is the peace monument. this massive monument was built by the state of new york in 1910. the statues on the top of the monument are union and confederate solders shaking hands.
cravens house is located about half way up lookout mountain just past ruby falls on scenic hwy. this historic home was originally built by robert cravens in 1855. during the second battle of chattanooga the cravens house was an observation post and headquarters for both the union and confederacy. on a foggy day on november 24 th 1863 the forces of union general joseph hooker took this location in what is known as "the battle above the clouds". union troops destroyed the cravens house after the battle and cravens returned to the site after the civil war and rebuilt the house that you see today.
this is a view of moccasin bend section of the tennessee river west of downtown chattanooga. during the battle of chattanooga union general george thomas defeated confederate colonel william oates at brown's ferry at moccasin bend. this defeat opened up an important union supply line to the city of chattanooga.
the sherman reservation is the site where union general william t. sherman attacked general braggs right flank on missionary ridge. the confederates repulsed the attack and sherman was forced to withdrawl. later general george thomas attacked the confederate line further south along the ridge and defeated the confederates. to visit the reservation you can park on a side street near the site.
located just south of the sherman reservation is the phelps monument. colonel e. h. phelps was wounded here during the battle of missionary ridge. in the back ground of the picture you can see lookout mountain in the distance. this is a very difficult monument to photograph. there is no parking near the monument and you must find a side street off crest road to park. in this area do not park on crest road due to heavy traffic and lack of parking spots.
the turchin reservation is near where union general george thomas charged the confederate line on missionary ridge. this attack broke the confederate line and forced general braxton bragg to withdrawl to dalton georgia. the battle of missionary ridge concluded the second battle of chattanooga. the turchin reservation has a small parking area.
pictured is the 2 nd minnesota monument located at the delong reservation. the delong reservation is the site of the battle between the alabama battery and the troops of union general turchin. there are no parking spots at this reservation but you can safely pull off of crest road to park.
pictured in a view of downtown chattanooga looking northeast from point park. the ridge on the horizon was the site of the battle of missionary ridge.
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