Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Travel Guide

  • Row of Illinois regimental markers crest the ridge
    Row of Illinois regimental markers crest...
    by mtncorg
  • 2nd Minnesota monument at DeLong Reservation
    2nd Minnesota monument at DeLong...
    by mtncorg
  • Lookout Mountain from National Cemetery
    Lookout Mountain from National Cemetery
    by mtncorg

Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Things to Do

  • CHATTANOOGA NATIONAL MILITARY CEMETERY

    Major General George H. Thomas created this cemetery just after the battle at Missionary Ridge on Christmas Day 1863. The cemetery site selected by Thomas had served as the headquarters for Grant and Thomas during the successful assault on Orchard Knob 23 November which preceeded Missionary Ridge. Gathered up were the dead from the Chattanooga...

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  • PENNSYLVANIA AND SHERMAN RESERVATIONS

    The small Pennsylvania Reservation and the larger Sherman Reservation encompass the northern end of the Missionary Ridge battlefield. It was here that General Grant hoped that Sherman would push the Rebles off the ridge. The heaviest fighting of the battle occurred here with the Confederates making use of mistakes Sherman made and they stopped the...

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  • MORTUARY CANNON FOR COLONEL PHELPS

    Edward H. Phelps led the north flank of Brigadier Absalom Baird’s division – Van DerVeer and Turchin lead the other two brigades to the south. Phelps had enlisted in 1861 becoming the lieutenant colonel of the 38th Ohio at the age of 32. He was promoted to full colonel after six months leading the regiment at Stones River where they saw slight...

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  • DELONG RESERVATION: 2ND...

    The next stop of consequence heading north on Crest Road is the DeLong Reservation. You have passed the small Turchin Reservation on the way where there is a marker for Brigadier General Samuel Beatty’s brigade. Beatty’s men were to the left of of Willich’s brigade and they made up the left of Wood’s division in the attack on Missionary Ridge....

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  • 8TH KANSAS MONUMENT – WILLICH’S BRIGADE

    The 8th Kansas fought long and hard during the Civil War. They had been organized under the command of a West Pointer Colonel Henry Wessels in late November 1861. Wessels was sent east by the army to take up another command in February 1862 and Lieutenant Colonel John A. Martin – a 22 year old editor – took over. Ordered east to help in the Siege...

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  • OHIO RESERVATION

    This little park is dominated by the Ohio State Monument dedicated to the men of Ohio that participated in the battles here and around. The monument dates to 1903 and was recently restored thanks to the efforts of a fifth grade class in Reynoldsburg, Ohio that raised $5000 to fix the statue of the drummer boy – new right hand and new drumsticks –...

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  • BRAGG RESERVATION: WAGNER’S...

    Brigadier General George D. Wagner commanded the brigade that made up the left flank of Philip Sheridan’s division. Wagner was a farmer and politician from Indiana before the war. Initially, he had been the colonel of the 15th Indiana – one of the regiments of the brigade – but he had led a brigade since before Shiloh. His men fought hard at Stones...

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  • MISSIONARY RIDGE NEIGHBORHOOD...

    There is nothing like living on an old battlefield! Missionary Ridge was rural at the time of the Civil War. Chattanooga was not much larger than the area encompassed by today’s central business district. That was then. Today, metro Chattanooga has expanded far to the east and south engulfing not only this battlefield but growing into Georgia and...

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  • BRAGG RESERVATION: HARKER’S BRIGADE

    Charles G. Harker was originally from New Jersey. Graduating from West Point in 1858, he had been on the frontier in Oregon and Washington Territory at the war’s outset. Promoted to 1st lieutenant and then captain in the Regular Army while training Ohio volunteers, he leapt in rank to become the colonel of the 65th Ohio. He and his men saw their...

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  • BRAGG RESERVATION: SHERMAN’S BRIGADE

    Colonel Francis T. Sherman led the 1st brigade of Philip Sheridan’s division, nine regiments strong. His father, Francis C., had been involved with Chicago politics serving as mayor for three terms. The son started the war as a lieutenant colonel for the 56th Illinois and then as a major in the 12th Illinois cavalry before gaining the colonelcy of...

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  • BRAGG RESERVATION: BRAGG’S HEADQUARTERS

    Braxton Bragg was a very polarizing commander. He was not popular with his men who viewed him as a martinet valuing discipline above all else. Nor was he popular with his officers who always seemed to be scheming for his replacement when they simply were not ignoring his orders. Bragg is thought to have been too aggressive at times and inflexible...

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  • BRAGG RESERVATION: COBB’S KENTUCKY...

    The Confederate artillery battery supporting Finley’s Floridian brigade was Cobb’s Kentucky Battery commanded on this day by Lieutenant Frank P. Gracey. This was an original battery of the Orphan Brigade comprised of Kentucky Southern volunteers. They had seen earlier serious action at Shiloh where on 6 April 1862 they were caught in crossfire and...

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  • BRAGG RESERVATION: MEDAL OF HONOR...

    On the right of Sheridan’s division was the 24th Wisconsin. There is a small marker for the regiment just south of the Bragg reservation showing where they reached the crest of Missionary Ridge. Next to the Illinois State Monument is a tablet devoted to the adjutant of the 24th, Arthur McArthur, Jr.. He grabbed the colors when the color bearer went...

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  • BRAGG RESERVATION: ILLINOIS STATE...

    The Illinois State Monument remembers all of the Illinois units and generals involved in the battles here. Two of Philip Sheridan’s three brigades were made up mostly of Illinois men: Colonel Francis T. Sherman included the 36th, 44th, 73rd, 74th and 88th Illinois; Colonel Charles G. Harker had the 22nd, 27th, 42nd, 51st and 79th Illinois; the...

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  • BRAGG RESERVATION: MISSOURI MONUMENT

    Three miles north of Rossville Gap on Crest Road sits the Bragg Reservation. This is one of the main centers of monuments along the ridge and was nearby where Braxton Bragg maintained his headquarters. Sheridan’s three brigades – Colonel Francis T. Sherman, Brigadier General George D. Wagner and Colonel Charles G. Harker – attacked uphill from the...

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  • 19th ILLINOIS REGIMENT - STOUGHTON'S...

    This monument along the side of Crest Road remembers the actions of the 19th Illinois on 23 November when they were among the first of their brigade to reach the crest of Missionary Ridge around 4:30 pm. The monument is unique from other Illinois regimental monuments in that it is not the usual rectangle created out of Quincy dark granite. The...

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  • NEW YORK STATE MONUMENT: IRELAND’S...

    David Ireland was born, ironically, in Scotland. His family immigrated to New York when he was eight years old. Apprenticed as a tailor to his father in New York City before the war, he had been a part of a militia regiment known as the 79th Cameron Highlanders. With the coming of the war, the 79th was absorbed into the New York Volunteers as the...

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  • IOWA RESERVATION

    Placed along the east side of a sweeping curve as Chickamauga Avenue drops down from the top of Rossville Gap, the Iowa monument remembers the Iowan contribution to the Federal victory here at Missionary Ridge. Most Iowans fought here as a part of the Iowan Brigade commanded by Colonel James Williamson - 4th, 9th, 25th, 26th, 30th and 31st Iowa...

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  • delong reservation

    pictured is the 2 nd minnesota monument located at the delong reservation. the delong reservation is the site of the battle between the alabama battery and the troops of union general turchin. there are no parking spots at this reservation but you can safely pull off of crest road to park.

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  • peace monument

    located on the grounds of point park is the peace monument. this massive monument was built by the state of new york in 1910. the statues on the top of the monument are union and confederate solders shaking hands.

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  • new york monument

    the new york monument is located on the grounds of the cravens house. this monument is 45 ft high and was erected in 1896.

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  • moccasin bend

    this is a view of moccasin bend section of the tennessee river west of downtown chattanooga. during the battle of chattanooga union general george thomas defeated confederate colonel william oates at brown's ferry at moccasin bend. this defeat opened up an important union supply line to the city of chattanooga.

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  • cravens house

    cravens house is located about half way up lookout mountain just past ruby falls on scenic hwy. this historic home was originally built by robert cravens in 1855. during the second battle of chattanooga the cravens house was an observation post and headquarters for both the union and confederacy. on a foggy day on november 24 th 1863 the forces of...

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  • kansas monument

    the kansas monument is located on crest road near general braggs left flank on missionary ridge. there is no parking on crest road at the monument and you must find a side street to park.

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  • phelps monument

    located just south of the sherman reservation is the phelps monument. colonel e. h. phelps was wounded here during the battle of missionary ridge. in the back ground of the picture you can see lookout mountain in the distance. this is a very difficult monument to photograph. there is no parking near the monument and you must find a side street off...

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  • battle of chickamauga

    in my opinion to truly understand the second battle of chattanooga you should visit the chickamauga battle site in georgia first. in september of 1863 the confederate forces under the command of general james longstreet defeated the forces of union general william rosecrans. the turing point for the confederates was the battle of snodgass hill....

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  • turchin reservation

    the turchin reservation is near where union general george thomas charged the confederate line on missionary ridge. this attack broke the confederate line and forced general braxton bragg to withdrawl to dalton georgia. the battle of missionary ridge concluded the second battle of chattanooga. the turchin reservation has a small parking area.

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  • sherman reservation

    the sherman reservation is the site where union general william t. sherman attacked general braggs right flank on missionary ridge. the confederates repulsed the attack and sherman was forced to withdrawl. later general george thomas attacked the confederate line further south along the ridge and defeated the confederates. to visit the reservation...

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  • ohio monument

    the ohio monument is located on the grounds of the cravens house. this massive monument was erected in 1903.

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  • point park

    originally called lookout point, point park is located on the top of lookout mountain. at the park you can get spectacular views of chattanooga and get an impression of this strategic confederate position. point park is part of chickamauga chattanooga national military park.

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  • alabama battery

    pictured is a cannon of garritt's alabama battery on the top of lookout mountain. from this point you can get an excellent view of downtown chattanooga.

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  • missionary ridge

    pictured in a view of downtown chattanooga looking northeast from point park. the ridge on the horizon was the site of the battle of missionary ridge.

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  • battle of chattanooga museum

    the battle of chattanooga museum is a good first stop on a visit to lookout mountain. this small museum and gift shop has a topographical map and uses miniture solders to explain the battle. a good place to orientate yourself to find the historic battle sites in the chattanooga area.

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Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Favorites

  • The Geography of Lookout Mountain

    Part of Point Park overlooks the rest of the Cumberland Mountains, which are wondrous vistas in anyone's book. The other half looks over modern-day Chattanooga and Moccasin Bend on the Tennessee River. At a pavilion in the corner of the park is a museum and overlook detailing the 'Battle Above the Clouds.'

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  • Cannon remain in roughly their strategic...

    Amid the few monuments of Point Park are a row of cannon on the promenade and a few pairs on prominences overlooking downtown Chattanooga. The scenes are peaceful and secluded and tend to disguise the fact that the rest of the mountain is a veritable beehive of tourism and private residences.

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Explore Deeper into Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park
The Centerpiece
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Cannon overlooking the river
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Cravens House continued
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Cravens House
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