the rutherford county courthouse was built in 1859 in the classical revival style. the rutherford county courthouse is one of seven courthouses that predate the civil war in the state of tennessee. the rutherford county courthouse is listed on the national register of historic places. for those interested in history and architecture the courthouse is worth a look when in downtown murfreesboro.
the rutherford county confederate civil war memorial is located on the grounds of the rutherford county courthouse. this memorial has a bronze soldier on a marble base. this is a very unique county confederate memorial.
cannonsbourgh village is a public park located off of broad street (US 231) near downtown murfreesbourgh. this historical park has a collection of historic buildings and homes dating from the 1830's to the 1930's. for those interested in southern history and architecture cannonsbourgh village is well worth a visit when in murfreesboro. only open may 1 to dec 1. admission is free.
fort rosecrans was built between january and june 1863. this 225 acre earthen fort was the largest fort built during the civil war. after the battle of stones river general william roscrans ordered it's construction for a logistics base to supply the union battles of chattanooga and atlanta. today the only part of the fort still in existance is redoubt brannan just north of downtown murfreesboro on the old nashville highway. the remains of fort rosecrans is part of the stones river national battlefield park.
pictured is the visitor center at the stones river national battlefield. the visitor center is a good place to start your auto tour of the battlefield. for those interested in civil war history the stones river national battlefield is a very worth while place to visit when in the murfreesboro area.
the chicago board of trade battery is located on the stones river national battlefield auto tour. the chicago board of trade is the world's oldest futures and options exchange. during the civil war the chicago board of trade raised $ 15,000 to fund stokes illinois volunteers. this 150 man artillery battery was instrumental in the union victory of the battle of stones river.
parsons battery is part of the stones river battlefield auto tour. parsons battery was manned by the 4 th u.s. artillery. this battery was instumental in repulsing the confederate attack in the battle of stones river.
hazen's battery is a stop on the stones river battlefield auto tour. this artillery battery was commanded by lt. norrell osburn. on the afternoon of december 31 st. this battlery helped hold the union line and was instrumental in the union victory at the battle of stones river.
the stones river national cemetery is the final resting place of over 6,100 union soldiers killed at the battle of stones river and other locations around murfreesboro. in october 1865 chaplain william earnshaw and the 111 th u. s. colored infantry spent a year locating and burying union dead in this cemetery.
Stones River National Battlefield is one of those battles where both the Union and the Confederacy have the right to declare victory. On the morning of Dec. 30, the Confederate Army materialized out of the cold damp driving the Unions right flank back upon itself more than 2 miles. Their retreat and supply lines on the Nashville Road were nearly cut into, except for the defense displayed by the Chicago Board of Trade Artillery Battery. When the smoke cleared that night, the Union line had been transformed from a straight line into a 'L' with the pivot in Round Forest. Here, Sherman had held the line at a terrible loss. The next day, both sides evacuated their wounded and began to bury their dead.
On January 1st, the Confederates again made a dramatic push, this time on the Union left flank, coming over a crest, straight down into the Union camps, still preparing breakfast. The lines broke and a mass exodus across Stones River ensued. But again, the Confederacy was stopped by Union Artillery . Unable to make any more progress the field quieted once again. Come the 2nd of January, the Confederacy made a tactical withdrawal.
Having substantially broken the Army of Tennessee, the Confederacy could claim that they had defeated the Union. Historically, the army that remains on the field of battle is considered the victor and it was the Union who remained in defensive position waiting once more for an attack that was not coming.
This is not the largest national battlefield but it has a few monuments, the remnants of Fortress Rosecrans(the union general) and a national cemetary. The battle was to defend supply lines through Murfeesboro along the road and railway. Both sides wanted to control these key transportation routes.
We loved the CBOT Battery. Ok I'm guessing that is not a sponsorship deal but more likely people who worked there served in the Battery or the Battery paid for all their cannons.
The paved trails are dog accessible but they do not want the critters on the unpaved trails
Go to the NPS site and see if their are special events. We caught a high school band playing 1860s music the Saturday we went through.
One of the nicest battlefield visitors centers I have yet encountered - lots of "touchy feely" exhibits, movies and artifacts which tell the story of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War. There are several FREE ranger-led tours daily, as well as self-driving tour maps available at the ranger desk. Of the ranger-led tours, I highly recommend the "Ride Through History", which is a caravan tour of the battlefield. You follow the ranger in your own car, stopping at four locations to explore the area and hear about the events which happened there. The rangers are very good at describing the times and events in a way you easily understand and can visualize.
351 acres of the battlefield are preserved by the U.S. National Park Service. The site includes a national cemetery and the Hazen Brigade Monument, which was erected in 1863 and is the oldest Civil War memorial in the United States.
Like many national cemeteries this one began as a burial place for the Union dead. After the Battle of Stones River, the wounded were sent to Nashville and the dead were interred here.
the capital monument is located on the grounds of the rutherford county courthouse. this monument commerates murfreesboro as the capital of tennessee between 1818 and 1826.