the ruggles battery is stop four on the auto tour. when confederate infantry attacks on the hornet's nest failed confederate general daniel ruggles concentrated eleven batteries of artillery to bombard this position allowing his infantry to encircle and capture union general benjamin prentiss and 2,100 union troops.
your first stop on a tour of shiloh is the battlefield visitor center. at the visitor center you can get a map of the battlefield and pay for the auto tour fee. see the attached web site for admission and times.
the following things to do tips are a virtual tour of the shiloh battlefield using the park map. the first stop on the auto tour is grant's last line. the artillery batteries along this ridge marks the final position of the union line on april 6 th. on april 7 after grant was reinforced by don carlos buell and lew wallace's forces and he initiated a union counter attack from this point. general lew wallace is an interesting character in u. s. history. during the civil war wallace was considered a mediocre general and did not contribute much to the ultimate union victory in the civil war. after the war wallace become internationally famous for his novel "ben hur".
shiloh church is stop five on the auto tour. the battle was named after the shiloh meeting house. the meeting house was destroyed during the battle and the building you see today is a replica. this was the site of fierce fighting during the battle.
rhea springs and field is stop six on the auto tour. exposed from converging fire from union troops defending shiloh church confederate forces here sustained devastating losses on april 6 th. located near the spring and in rhea field are confederate burial trenches.
fraley field is stop seven on the auto tour. fraley field was the site of the first engagement of the battle of shiloh. at 4:55 am april 6 th confederate pickets engaged a union patrol at fraley field.
pictured is the site of a union camp at stop nine on the auto tour. after the engagement at reconnoitering road the confederates invaded the union camps located just north of the road. by 9:00 am the union was forced to flee these camps and retreated north towards pittsburg landing. the confederate advance halted here while they looted the camps.
the hornet's nest is stop ten on the auto tour. the area called the hornet's nest was the site of the fiercest fighting of the battle of shiloh. thousands of union and confederate soldiers died here as well as union general w. h. l. wallace and confederate general albert johnston.
the confederate artillery monument is located on eastern corinth road near the hornet's nest. the area around the hornet's nest has a number of state and division monuments honoring the soldiers who fought at the battle of shiloh.
the sunken road runs through the hornet's nest area. this small farm road connects the eastern corinth road to the duncan farm. during the battle of the hornet's nest union general benjamin prentiss held off a confederate advance along the sunken road. later prentiss' troops were defeated and prentiss was taken prisoner by the confederates.
now my virtual tour of the shiloh battlefield skips to tour stop fourteen on the auto tour. because of time limitations i had to bypass stops 11, 12, and 13. for information on these sites see the attached web site. pictured is the site of the union field hospital. at this tent hospital union surgeons cared for wounded union soldiers. by concentrationg medical services on the battlefield patient care was greatly improved and the death rate lowered.
auto tour stop fifteen is the general johnston monument. near this site confederate general albert johnston was hit by a stray bullet in the leg and later bled to death. after the death of general johnston general p. g. t. beauregard took over the command of the confederate forces at the battle of shiloh.
sarah bell's peach orchard was the site of a confederate attack on the union line on april 6 th. this confederate attack forced the union troops in this area of the battlefield to retreat to pittsburg landing. the union counter attacked on april 7 th and retook the peach orchard. the peach orchard is stop sixteen on the auto tour.
the bloody pond is stop seventeen on the auto tour. throughout the battle of shiloh soldiers from both sides came here to drink and bathe their wounds. there was so much blood in the water that the pond was stained red.
located within the boundry of the shiloh national military park are the shiloh mounds. this is the site of an ancient native american village dating back to around 1200 AD. the village consisted of seven mounds surounded by a wooden palisade. the shiloh villagers cultivated maize and hunted deer, squarrels, and turkey. for those interested in native american history this is a very interesting place to visit in the park.