This PMorgan Chase Tower was designed by I.M. Pei and associate architect 3D International. The building was completed in 1981 as Texas Commerce Tower. JPMorgan Chase Tower is 75 stories (1,049 feet) tall; just shy of three and a half football fields. The tower has 1.98 million square feet of gross office building space.
The sky lobby observation deck is located on the 60th floor. The sky lobby acts as a transfer point for persons traveling to the upper (61-75) floors, but also as an observation deck for the public during the working hours of 8:00 a.m. — 5:00 p.m. Monday–Friday, free of charge. One can take the express elevator, providing a panoramic view of the city of Houston thanks to the use of wide glass spans and thirteen-foot ceilings. In the large plaza area at the entrance of the building is a multi-colored sculpture entitled "Personage with Birds", which was designed by painter and sculptor Joan Miró, and which was installed in the plaza in early 1982.
The downtown has continued to grow and it has many great architecturally significant office complexes. It also has the main thoroughfares going right through the middle of the city, making it convenient to get into the main sector of the city.
The Downtown Aquarium, part of Landry's Restaurants, Inc., is popular attraction here in town for it's entertainment & exhibits of underwater life, as well as it's restaurant. But it's popularity and somewhat interesting showcases for the most part do not make up for it's prices & brief rides. First off, I will say that the Downtown Aquarium definately stands out at night. Bright neon lights illuminate the surrounding area, & even attract attention if you are driving overhead on I-45. But the establishment seems to be more geared towards getting people to come here, see some quick sites, & then eat at the seafood restaurant, which is basically an overpriced version of Joe's Crabshack, another Landry's restaurant. The main aquarium exhibit has quite a few different tropical fish to view, while interesting, is nothing that drops your jaw in awe. The rainforest exhibit has a few exotic birds & frogs, & a boa constrictor snake. I did enjoy seeing the white tigers, & there are stands set up to sit & watch them. But the price for this short 20 minute venture is $7.50 per person, a little much for the amount of sites you see here. You can also pay an additional $5 to see the shark exhibit, which I enjoyed. A train takes you through a tunnel in which the sharks, along with stingrays & a few oher exotic fish are swimming overhead. The also have a couple of rides here, but of course, for an additional price. There is a large ferris wheel & a drop ride, as well as a small carousel for kids. But again, all this appears to be centered around the restaurant, which I have not eaten at, as I have heard it is highly overpriced for mediocre seafood. I have to admit some of the sights here are worth seeing, especially the tigers as I mentioned. But the price & the short amount of time you have to see these things can make it not worth your while. I think it would be a good place to take the kids, & if you want to eat at the restaurant, a family could make a decent evening of it.
The Downtown Theatre District and surrounding area:
Houston's Theatre District is the second largest in the country after New York's Broadway. It houses Houston's award-winning organizations -- symphony, opera, theatre, and ballet companies.
This area also houses Bayou Place, a building with several restaurants, Angelika movie theater, a pool hall, a popular bar, and a concert venue. The restaurants in Bayou Place include the Hard Rock Cafe.
What many people probably don't know is that Houston's downtown nightlife scene is quite good. And unlike a college town such as Austin or a tourist town such as New Orleans, the scene is sophisticated, yet still grounded. This is a fairly recent development resulting from a large and still ongoing downtown revitalization plan. Most of the bars and clubs of interest are situated on or around Main Street in downtown, within a few blocks of the Theatre District.
Dining & drinking:
Just outside of the theatre district to the south and on or around Main Street are several clubs, bars, and restaurants. Some of the better ones include Mercury Room, Sambuca, Artista, Mia Bella, Zula, and Bossa.
The new Downtown Aquarium is just north of the theater district and has a seafood restaurant and the tallest fish tank in North America.
Minute Maid Park (formerly Enron Field): On the southeast side of downtown is where you will find the home of the Houston Astros. But the ballpark itself is an attraction. Finished in 2000, it has a retractable roof and a natural grass playing surface. The look of the stadium is retro early 20th century.
The Rockets have a new home in downtown as well. Though I've yet to visit, the Toyota Center is supposed to be one of the better venues for basketball.
Underground Downtown Tunnels:
There's a whole other world down there, filled with shops and restaurants.
We were staying way out in Richmond. But it was worth the trip into town to see what it was all about. We went early on a Saturday so there were few crowds, and the buildings were closed so we couldn't get up to the the top viewing floors. But I felt it was a very intimate and walkable town with lots to recommend it. We saw the Sam Houston park and Heritage park (which was free and open when we were there- though the homes were closed), the City Hall, the Sesquicentennial Park, the monument to the first George Bush, Tranquility Plaza, and shopped at Macy's. We parked near Herman Park and took the Metrorail in and it was very efficient and clean. It took us most of the morning to ride in, walk around and head back out. It was a good idea to have my bottle of water though as the August heat index was about 109 degrees.
Aquarium is the same size as most of them, but as an addition they have Bengal tigers there, it‘s fun to watch and learn something new about them. As most of aquariums they have petting area, where you can touch sea animals. Collection of animals is big and great! We always see and learn something new in places like this one . Its great for people that are touring Houston and even a great escape for Houstonians. It is ABSOLUTELY BEAUTIFUL! Shark tunnel is not that big, and ride is short. If you saw the same thing before it doesn’t worth 3 or 5$ per person, but if it’s your first time-go for it. We didn’t buy pass, it was cheaper to buy additional tickets for rides, because we had a company of 4,and didn’t want the same rides. We didn’t go to the restaurant on the second floor, since we were not hungry. My cousin said they are great, but I read a lot of negative reviews. But we visited gift shop and prices there were reasonable.
THIS IS THE TALLEST BUILDING IN TEXAS, AND THE TALLEST FIVE-SIDED BUILDING IN THE WORLD. You can take an express elevator up to the 60th floor observation deck and see for a very long way. The building is actually 75 stories high.
Houston's Visitor Center is amazing! You can get enough pamphlets on what Houston offers you to last a year and I actually LIVE here!
It is inside the historic City Hall (NOT the annex) in Downtown. Once you walk in you will see two guards. I just asked them for the Visitors Center. They didn't check my purse or anything. In most Houston buildings you will go through a metal detector and have your purse/bag checked. Once inside the center is on the left. There is also a side entrance. When you walk in you'll inevitably notice the statue of....Sam Houston!
Inside you will see small versions of many of the main sights. You'll see the replicas of the Toyota Center, George R. Brown Convention Center and many other buildings that we're proud to have constructed.
I'm sure you'll be greeted right away by one of the volunteers. I just wanted to look around but she was bound and determined to help me find something to look at. After telling her I was a teacher I got every museum pamplet there was :)
I also watched the 10-minute video in a small theater setting about Houston and all his has to offer with commentary by George Forman, native Houstonian. It was really good I thought.
There are also wonderful souvenirs if you're here on a visit!
My favorite part? The cardboard, real-life size replica of Yao Ming. Great photo opportunity!
City Hall is a wonderful building with a great park behind it. There you'll find many park benches and a reflecting pond. It's very peaceful. However, I believe there were a few homeless people sleeping on the benches and that always kinda....makes me nervous as a single girl walking alone. (Sorry, I watch way too much CSI and Law and Order Special Victims.)
Across the street is Jones Hall and a beautiful water fountain. That's a great place to have lunch and there are often musicians playing here.
It's a great place to read a book, take a break from work, and take a beautiful picture of Houston. Hear all the buzzing about during the work week as well.
It's caddie-corner from Hobby Center so you might show up early and see it for yourself.
Now for the history! (Taken from the website below)
"Two brothers, J.K. and A.C. Allen, founded Houston on August 30, 1836 just a few months after the end of the Texas War for Independence. They named the new settlement for the hero of that war, General Sam Houston.
From 1841 to 1939, Houston municipal government was headquartered at Old Market Square, on a site donated to the City by Houston's founder, the Allen brothers. The City Hall on Market Square was destroyed by fire in the 1870's, and again in 1901, and rebuilt each time.
Construction [of the current building] began on March 7, 1938. The cornerstone was laid on October 1, 1938. A time capsule was placed in the cornerstone, containing a Bible, copies of the City charter, Houston's three daily newspapers and the City Auditor's report for 1937. The construction job took 20 months. Work was finished in July 1939. The work was done by 100% A.F. of L. union labor. Wages on the job site ranged from 40 cents an hour to 1.85 an hour. An estimated 800,000 hours of labor were expended on the job.
The Mayor and City Commissioners moved from the old City Hall to the new one on December 3, 1939. The old building was converted to a bus terminal. It was destroyed by fire in 1960.
Total cost of the new City Hall, including landscaping and furniture, was estimated at $1,670,000. Forty-five percent of the cost was covered by the W.P.A. grant. Landscaping was done by the Japanese Nursery, 7200 Lawndale. The $28,000 electrical fixtures contract went to Livers Lighting and Bronze Company, Kansas City, Missouri. $80,000 worth of furniture and office equipment was purchased from the Thomas Watson Company, Jamestown, N.Y. An additional $17,000 in office equipment was purchased from the Willhide Equipment Company. Basement offices, originally used for a tobacco stand and coffee shop, were built by Brown Construction Company.
The doors to the building are of a specially cast aluminum. In the grillwork above the main entrances are aluminum medallions of the "great lawgivers" from ancient times to the founding of America: Akhenaten, Julius Caesar, Moses, Charlemagne, King John and Thomas Jefferson. The lobby is walled with lightly veined marble. The entrances to the Tax Department are inlaid with bronze, nickel and silver. All elevator lobbies are treated with marble base, walls and wainscoting. Wood trim and wood doors are of figured gum, a Texas product.
City Hall also was one of the first totally air-conditioned office buildings in Houston.
Houston's City Government has over 500 buildings utilized by the over 23,000 City employees. The core of this local government is located in the downtown Civic Center. This includes City Hall and the Annex, the Central Public Library, the Hobby Center, Jones Hall, the Wortham Theater, George R. Brown Convention Center, Tranquillity Park, Sam Houston Park, and Hermann Plaza. Located north of Interstate 45 from the Hobby Center site is the Police Station with the Municipal Courts Building next door."
New park that just opened up downtown. They have a lot of different daily activities you can participate in or sit back and enjoy. See their website and calendar for more details.
Yoga, other excercise, recycling, concerts, games and more
I enjoy musicals, plays and concerts! After moving to Houston, I found that Texans aren't short of all these experiences. I have attended quite a few musicals at Hobby Center - Sarofim Hall. Very entertaining, the last show I attended here was Broadway Across America's "RENT" performance. Located in the same place is the Artista Restaurant.
The Theater District downtown consists of several good and renowned theatres for ballet, opera, plays, the symphony, etc. Apparently, Houston is ranked second in the number of total seats in a downtown area available for theatre. And, it's one of only five with permanent professional companies in all the performing arts -- ballet, opera, theater, and music.
I've been going to the Alley Theatre to see plays since the 1970s, and to the Miller Outdoor Theatre for the Theatre Under the Stars productions since the 1960s.
Recently we went to the newest theatre, the Hobby Center to see Spamalot. It was a great play. Hilarious. Our son loved it. I highly recommend the productions available.
JPMorgan Chase Tower offers the highest public view of Houston from the Sky Lobby on the 60th floor. This floor serves as an observation floor as well as a transfer point to shuttle tenants to floors 49-59 and 61-75. The Sky Lobby is open to the public during the working hours of 8:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m. Monday-Friday. Entrance is free.
JPMorgan Chase Tower is the tallest composite building in the world. In addition to the ground floor lobby, there is another lobby sixty stories above the plaza level. This sky lobby acts as a transfer point for persons traveling to the upper floors. The view on this lobby is enhanced through the use of wide glass spans and thirteen-foot ceilings. A fascinating aspect of the Tower is its "fifth side", designed to be free of columns to enjoy an uninterrupted 20-mile vista of Houston.
JPMorgan Chase Tower has a total of 50 elevators. Six of those are express elevators to the Sky Lobby, which travel at a speed of 1,000 feet per minute, taking approx. 60 seconds from floor 1 to 60. The height of the Tower is just shy of three and one half-football fields, standing at 1,049 feet from ground level. The tower has 1.98 million square feet of gross building space.
The buildings Downtown are great to look at and there is also a park area with a small lake, church and examples of different styles of historic buildings from the Houston area. It's a very walkable area and well worth an afternoon. Given time you can visit: Sam Houston Park; Bayou Place; The Theatre District; The Aquarium; Tranquility Park; Sesquicentennial Park and Jones Plaza.
Many people complain that downtown is largely a business district, mostly a ghost town after 5pm. It is not the excitement of Manhattan or Paris, yet in recent years’ revitalization has improved the downtown atmosphere. There are many things to do here, & it is a nice place to stay if you are visiting from out of town. There are excellent accommodations here; the Sam Houston Hotel, the Magnolia & the Lancaster are some of the best in town. Many restaurants, pubs & clubs are downtown for nightlife. On the weekends part of Main St. is closed to traffic, many places set up tables outside & vendors sell snacks & refreshments & frequently a stage is set up for live music performances. The Houston Theater District is located downtown & has some of the best facilities & performances for the arts in the world. Bayou Place has several bars, clubs & restaurants, including the Hard Rock Cafe, a cinema & the Verizon Theater for events & music concerts. Minute Maid Park & Toyota Center are located here for sporting events. There are a few historical buildings here to visit, but unfortunately much of Houston's physical history has been demolished due to bad civic planning in the past. Besides the permanent sites & events, there are excellent festivals held here. The Houston International Festival is put on for two weekends every spring showcasing Houston's multicultural population. But if all of this doesn't do it for you, downtown is one of the few locations in town served by the Metro Lightrail, which can take you to the Museum District & Hermann Park if you are looking for other things to do outside of downtown.