The Salt Lake Valley (and much of northern Utah) was once the home of the huge freshwater Lake Bonneville. This lake left behind benches on the mountain sides where once it lapped the shore. There are several distinct levels that are slowly being built on and are no longer as easily seen as they once were. The highest level is known as the Bonneville shoreline. It was the highest lake level at 5100 ft.
Since the mountainsides above the Bonneville shoreline are much steeper this generally is where the houses stop. As the buildings began to obliterate the natural landscape there were many who called for trails before it was too late. The Bonneville Shoreline trail grew slowly but has gathered steam as more people agree on its value and use. The vision is that one day it will be a continuous trail from Idaho to past Nephi all along the same level as the ancient lake.
Salt Lake City and Draper at either end of the Salt Lake Valley have been the first to have a complete trail. It is favored by mt bikers, but hikers are welcome as well.
I've been exploring the Draper trail section by section and I have to say I am impressed. The trail is easy to follow if narrow. There are great views, and the mountains it traverses while seeming lifeless from further away become full of animal and bird life up close. I've found little pockets of woodland I would never have imagined. Once you find a trail head it is easy enough to follow the trail.
As with many other long distance trails you can do a small section or long.
there are lots of trails, conveniently close to the city. I find it annoying that is hard to get free online info about the trails.The links below describe some few trails, so i think they're helpful
Equipment: lots of, lots of water as utah is very very dry
sunscreen, as the sun is harsh
There is a lot of world class rock climbing throughout Utah. Trad up Little Cottonwood, lots of sport in Big Cottonwood (both within a half hour of Salt Lake). Much much more.
Equipment: If you are going climbing, I hope you know what gear to bring.
That's what I like about Salt Lake City - easiness to access to all kinds of outdoor activities.
If you think about it, I just need to get into my car, stop at the nearest gas station, grab a phone book and see hiking trails closest to me. That's it!!! In winter it might be just a little bit more complicated, when you actually have to go and rent snowshoes.
If you like winter sports, then you drive 20-25 minutes to the world best ski resorts! In less than half an hour you will be skiing, snowboarding, tubing or more extreme sports.
Equipment: REI stores have everything.
the wasatch range also have great opportunities for hiking, camping, climbing, mountain biking, and kayaking in the summer months.